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Russian visa is required for most countries of the world, except countries of South America and some countries in the Middle East and Asia.

Citizens of other countries are required to obtain a visa for entry into the territory of the Russian Federation. However, in some cases, a visa is not necessary. If a citizen of another state wants to enter the territory of Russia, he/she should know, in which case the visa is required. Please see:

If you find out that you need a Russian visa

Complete step-by-step guide to obtain Russian visa


Visa policy for citizens of foreign countries

If you are a citizen of EU, a country in Asia or Africa, Japan or USA you are required to obtain a visa to enter Russia. More detailed information on each of the countries is listed in the table below.

Citizenship

Do foreign citizens need a visa to enter Russia?

Migration Risk Level

Comments

Australia

Visa required

Normal

 

Austria

Visa required

Normal

 

Azerbaijan

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Azores Islands

Visa required

Normal

  

Aland Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

Albania

Visa required

Normal

 

Algeria

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Virgin Islands (US)

Visa required

Normal

 

American Samoa

Visa required

Normal

 

Anguilla

Visa required

Normal

 

Angola

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Andorra

Visa required

Normal

 

Antigua and Barbuda

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Argentina

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Armenia

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Afghanistan

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Bahamas

Visa required

Normal

 

Bangladesh

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Barbados

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Bahrain

Visa required

Normal

 

Belize

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Belarus

No visa required

Normal

 

Belgium

Visa required

Normal

 

Benin

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Ivory Coast

Visa required

Normal

 

Bermuda

Visa required

Normal

 

Bulgaria

Visa required

Normal

 

Bolivia

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Bosnia and Herzegovina

No visa required

Normal

Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Botswana

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Brazil

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Virgin Islands (US)

Visa required

Normal

 

Brunei Darussalam

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

Up to 14 days of simultaneous stay

Burkina Faso

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Burundi

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Bhutan

Visa required

Normal

 

Vanuatu

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

United Kingdom of Great Britain

Visa required

Normal

 

Hungary

Visa required

Normal

 

Venezuela

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

East Timor

Visa required

Normal

 

Vietnam

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Gabon

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Haiti

Visa required

Normal

 

Guyana

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Gambia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Ghana

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Guadeloupe, Guyana, Martinique, Mayotte, New Caledonia, Reunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Wallis and Futuna, French Polynesia

Visa required

Normal

 

Guatemala

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Guinea-Bissau

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Germany

Visa required

Normal

 

Gibraltar

Visa required

Normal

 

Honduras

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Grenada

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Greece

Visa required

Normal

 

Georgia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Guam

Visa required

Normal

 

Denmark

Visa required

Normal

 

The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Djibouti

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Dominica

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Dominican Republic

Visa required

Normal

 

Egypt

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Zambia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Zimbabwe

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Israel

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

India

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Indonesia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Jordan

Visa required

Normal

 

Iraq

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Iran

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Ireland

Visa required

Normal

 

Iceland

Visa required

Normal

 

Spain

Visa required

Normal

 

Italy

Visa required

Normal

 

Yemen

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Cape Verde

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Kazakhstan

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Cayman Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

Cambodia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Cameroon

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Canada

Visa required

Normal

 

Canary Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

The Caribbean: Curacao, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius, the Dutch part of the island of St. Maarten and Aruba

Visa required

Normal

 

Qatar

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Kenya

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Cyprus

Visa required

Normal

 

Kyrgyzstan

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Kiribati

Visa required

Normal

 

China

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

The DPRK

Visa required

High level risk
 (read more)

 

Colombia

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Comoros

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Costa Rica

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Cuba

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Kuwait

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Laos

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Latvia

Visa required

Normal

 

Lesotho

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Liberia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Lebanon

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Libya

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Lithuania

Visa required

Normal

 

Liechtenstein

Visa required

Normal

 

Luxembourg

Visa required

Normal

 

Mauritius

No visa required

Normal

Up to 60 days of simultaneous stay

Mauritania

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Madagascar

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Madera

Visa required

Normal

 

Macedonia

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

Original invitation required

Malawi

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Malaysia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Mali

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Republic Of Maldives

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Malta

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Morocco

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Marshall Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

Mexico

Visa required

Normal

 

Mozambique

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Moldova

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Principality of Monaco

Visa required

Normal

 

Mongolia

No visa required

Normal

Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Montserrat

Visa required

Normal

 

Myanmar

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Namibia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Nauru

No visa required

Normal

Up to 14 days of simultaneous stay

Nepal

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Niger

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Nigeria

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Netherlands

Visa required

Normal

 

Nicaragua

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Niue

Visa required

Normal

 

New Zealand

Visa required

Normal

 

Norway

Visa required

Normal

 

U.A.E

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Oman

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Visa required

Normal

 

Cook Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

Pakistan

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Palau

No visa required

Normal

Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Palestine

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Panama

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Papua New Guinea

Visa required

Normal

 

Paraguay

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Peru

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Pitcairn

Visa required

Normal

 

Poland

Visa required

Normal

 

Portugal

Visa required

Normal

 

Puerto Rico

Visa required

Normal

 

The Republic Of Guinea

Visa required

Normal

 

Republic Of The Congo

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

The Republic Of Korea

No visa required

Normal

Up to 60 days of simultaneous stay

The Republic of Cote d'Ivoire

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Rwanda

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Romania

Visa required

Normal

 

El Salvador

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Samoa

No visa required

Normal

Up to 60 days of simultaneous stay

San Marino

Visa required

Normal

 

Sao Tome and Principe

Visa required

Normal

 

Saudi Arabia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Swaziland

Visa required

Normal

 

Northern Mariana Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

Seychelles

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Senegal

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Saint Kitts and Nevis

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Saint Lucia

Visa required

Normal

 

Serbia

No visa required

Normal

Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Singapore

Visa required

Normal

 

Syria

Visa required

High level risk
 (read more)

 

Slovakia

Visa required

Normal

 

Slovenia

Visa required

Normal

 

Solomon Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

Somalia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

The Special Administrative Region Hong Kong S.A.R.

No visa required

Normal

Up to 14 days of simultaneous stay

The Special Administrative Region Macao

No visa required

Normal

Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Sudan

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Suriname

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

United States

Visa required

Normal

 

Sierra Leone

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Tajikistan

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Thailand

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Tanzania

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Turks and Caicos Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

Togo

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Tokelau

Visa required

Normal

 

Tonga

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Trinidad and Tobago

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Tristan da Cunha

Visa required

Normal

 

Tuvalu

Visa required

Normal

 

Tunisia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Turkmenistan

Visa required

Normal

 

Turkey

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Uganda

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Uzbekistan

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Ukraine

No visa required

Normal

Original invitation required. Up to 90 out of 180 within each period of stay (as of 20.03.2014)

Uruguay

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Federated States Of Micronesia

Visa required

Normal

 

Fiji

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Philippines

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Finland

Visa required

Normal

 

Falkland Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

France

Visa required

Normal

 

Croatia

Visa required

Normal

 

The Central African Republic

Visa required

Normal

 

Chad

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 

Montenegro

No visa required

Normal

Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Czech Republic

Visa required

Normal

 

Chile

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Switzerland

Visa required

Normal

 

Sweden

Visa required

Normal

 

Svalbard

Visa required

Normal

 

Sri Lanka

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Ecuador

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Equatorial Guinea

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Eritrea

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Estonia

Visa required

Normal

 

Ethiopia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

South Africa

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

Visa required

Normal

 

South Ossetia

No visa required

Normal

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Jamaica

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Japan

Visa required

Normal

 


Special visa policy

In order to enter and stay in the territory of the Russian Federation, a person holding citizenship of another State is required to obtain a visa. However, there are two exceptional cases in which a special visa policy is applied.

  1. Children who have not reached the age of 16.
    • Children under 16 years do not need a visa if they are specified in their parents’ passports and traveling with them.
    • If the child's name is not specified in the passports of his/her parents, or he/she travels alone, they must apply for a visa. Notarized consent from their parents (or guardians) is required.
    • If the child and the parent(s) have different last names, it is necessary that his/her birth certificate should be attached to visa.
  1. Passengers travelling on cruise ships.
    • Passengers of cruise ships do not need a visa during their stays at ports not exceeding 72 hours, if they spend the night aboard the ship.
    • St. Petersburg is the only destination on the route of the ship.
    • Passengers who come ashore as part of an organized tourist group do not need a visa.
    • It is forbidden to leave the ship with an expired passport or without a voucher from the host party. 
    • Citizens of foreign countries, who travel by cruise ship, wishing to go beyond the territory of ports outside organized tourist groups must possess a Russian visa (the visa decision should be made at the Embassy of the Russian Federation. Obtaining a visa in ports is not a possibility).