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Russian visa is required for most countries of the world, except countries of South America and some countries in the Middle East and Asia.

Citizens of other countries are required to obtain a visa for entry into the territory of the Russian Federation. However, in some cases, a visa is not necessary. If a citizen of another state wants to enter the territory of Russia, he/she should know, in which case the visa is required. Please see:

If you find out that you need a Russian visa

Complete step-by-step guide to obtain Russian visa


Visa policy for citizens of foreign countries

If you are a citizen of EU, a country in Asia or Africa, Japan or USA you are required to obtain a visa to enter Russia. More detailed information on each of the countries is listed in the table below.

Citizenship

Do foreign citizens need a visa to enter Russia?

Migration Risk Level

Comments

Australia

Visa required

Normal

      

Austria

Visa required

Normal

   

Azerbaijan

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days out of 180 within each period of stay

Azores Islands

Visa required

Normal

       

Aland Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

Albania

Visa required

Normal

   

Algeria

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Virgin Islands (US)

Visa required

Normal

   

American Samoa

Visa required

Normal

   

Anguilla

Visa required

Normal

   

Angola

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Andorra

Visa required

Normal

   

Antigua and Barbuda

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Argentina

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Armenia

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days out of 180 within each period of stay

Afghanistan

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Bahamas

Visa required

Normal

   

Bangladesh

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Barbados

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Bahrain

Visa required

Normal

   

Belize

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Belarus

No visa required

Normal

   

Belgium

Visa required

Normal

   

Benin

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Ivory Coast

Visa required

Normal

   

Bermuda

Visa required

Normal

   

Bulgaria

Visa required

Normal

   

Bolivia

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Bosnia and Herzegovina

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Botswana

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Brazil

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Virgin Islands (US)

Visa required

Normal

   

Brunei Darussalam

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Burkina Faso

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Burundi

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Bhutan

Visa required

Normal

   

Vanuatu

Visa required

Normal

   

United Kingdom of Great Britain

Visa required

Normal

   

Hungary

Visa required

Normal

   

Venezuela

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

East Timor

Visa required

Normal

   

Vietnam

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Gabon

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Haiti

Visa required

Normal

   

Guyana

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Gambia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Ghana

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Guadeloupe, Guyana, Martinique, Mayotte, New Caledonia, Reunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Wallis and Futuna, French Polynesia

Visa required

Normal

   

Guatemala

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Guinea-Bissau

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Germany

Visa required

Normal

   

Gibraltar

Visa required

Normal

   

Honduras

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Grenada

Visa required

Normal

   

Greece

Visa required

Normal

   

Georgia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Guam

Visa required

Normal

   

Denmark

Visa required

Normal

   

The Democratic Republic Of The Congo

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Djibouti

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Dominica

No visa required

Normal

 up to 21 days of simultaneous stay

Dominican Republic

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Egypt

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Zambia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Zimbabwe

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Israel

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days out of 180 within each period of stay

India

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Indonesia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Jordan

Visa required

Normal

   

Iraq

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Iran

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Ireland

Visa required

Normal

   

Iceland

Visa required

Normal

   

Spain

Visa required

Normal

   

Italy

Visa required

Normal

   

Yemen

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Cape Verde

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Kazakhstan

No visa required

Normal

 up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Cayman Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

Cambodia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Cameroon

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Canada

Visa required

Normal

   

Canary Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

The Caribbean: Curaçao, Bonaire, Saba, Sint Eustatius, the Dutch part of the island of St. Maarten and Aruba

Visa required

Normal

   

Qatar

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Kenya

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Cyprus

Visa required

Normal

   

Kyrgyzstan

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days out of 180 within each period of stay

Kiribati

Visa required

Normal

   

China

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

The DPRK

Visa required

High level risk
 (read more)

   

Colombia

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Comoros

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Costa Rica

Visa required

Normal

   

Cuba

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Kuwait

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Laos

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Latvia

Visa required

Normal

   

Lesotho

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Liberia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Lebanon

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Libya

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Lithuania

Visa required

Normal

   

Liechtenstein

Visa required

Normal

   

Luxembourg

Visa required

Normal

   

Mauritius

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 60 days of simultaneous stay

Mauritania

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Madagascar

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Madera

Visa required

Normal

   

Macedonia

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 Original invitation required

Malawi

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Malaysia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Mali

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Republic Of Maldives

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Malta

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Morocco

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Marshall Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

Mexico

Visa required

Normal

   

Mozambique

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Moldova

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days out of 180 within each period of stay

Principality of Monaco

Visa required

Normal

   

Mongolia

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Montserrat

Visa required

Normal

   

Myanmar

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Namibia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Nauru

Visa required

Normal

   

Nepal

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Niger

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Nigeria

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Netherlands

Visa required

Normal

   

Nicaragua

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Niue

Visa required

Normal

   

New Zealand

Visa required

Normal

   

Norway

Visa required

Normal

   

U.A.E

Visa required

Normal

   

Oman

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

Visa required

Normal

   

Cook Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

Pakistan

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Palau

Visa required

Normal

   

Palestine

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Panama

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Papua New Guinea

Visa required

Normal

   

Paraguay

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Peru

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Pitcairn

Visa required

Normal

   

Poland

Visa required

Normal

   

Portugal

Visa required

Normal

   

Puerto Rico

Visa required

Normal

   

The Republic Of Guinea

Visa required

Normal

   

Republic Of The Congo

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

The Republic Of Korea

Visa required

Normal

   

The Republic of Côte d'Ivoire

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Rwanda

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Romania

Visa required

Normal

   

El Salvador

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Samoa

Visa required

Normal

   

San Marino

Visa required

Normal

   

Sao Tome and Principe

Visa required

Normal

   

Saudi Arabia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Swaziland

Visa required

Normal

   

Northern Mariana Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

Seychelles

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Senegal

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Visa required

Normal

   

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Visa required

Normal

   

Saint Lucia

Visa required

Normal

   

Serbia

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Singapore

Visa required

Normal

   

Syria

Visa required

High level risk
 (read more)

   

Slovakia

Visa required

Normal

   

Slovenia

Visa required

Normal

   

Solomon Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

Somalia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

The Special Administrative Region Hong Kong S.A.R.

Visa required

Normal

   

The Special Administrative Region Hong Kong S.A.R.

Visa required

Normal

   

Sudan

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Suriname

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

United States

Visa required

Normal

   

Sierra Leone

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Tajikistan

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days out of 180 within each period of stay

Thailand

No visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

 Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Tanzania

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Turks and Caicos Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

Togo

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Tokelau

Visa required

Normal

   

Tonga

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Trinidad and Tobago

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Tristan da Cunha

Visa required

Normal

   

Tuvalu

Visa required

Normal

   

Tunisia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Turkmenistan

Visa required

Normal

   

Turkey

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

 

Uganda

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Uzbekistan

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days out of 180 within each period of stay

Ukraine

No visa required

Normal

 Original invitation required. Up to 90 out of 180 within each period of stay (as of 20.03.2014) 

Uruguay

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Federated States Of Micronesia

Visa required

Normal

   

Fiji

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Philippines

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Finland

Visa required

Normal

   

Falkland Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

France

Visa required

Normal

   

Croatia

Visa required

Normal

   

The Central African Republic

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Chad

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
 (read more)

   

Montenegro

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 30 days of simultaneous stay

Czech Republic

Visa required

Normal

   

Chile

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Switzerland

Visa required

Normal

   

Sweden

Visa required

Normal

   

Svalbard

Visa required

Normal

   

Sri Lanka

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Ecuador

No visa required

Normal

 Up to 90 days of simultaneous stay

Equatorial Guinea

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Eritrea

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Estonia

Visa required

Normal

   

Ethiopia

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

South Africa

Visa required

Normal

   

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

Visa required

Normal

   

South Ossetia

Visa required

Normal

   

Jamaica

Visa required

Migration-dangerous
(read more)

   

Japan

Visa required

Normal

   


Special visa policy

In order to enter and stay in the territory of the Russian Federation, a person holding citizenship of another State is required to obtain a visa. However, there are two exceptional cases in which a special visa policy is applied.

  1. Children who have not reached the age of 16.
    • Children under 16 years do not need a visa if they are specified in their parents’ passports and traveling with them.
    • If the child's name is not specified in the passports of his/her parents, or he/she travels alone, they must apply for a visa. Notarized consent from their parents (or guardians) is required.
    • If the child and the parent(s) have different last names, it is necessary that his/her birth certificate should be attached to visa.
  1. Passengers travelling on cruise ships.
    • Passengers of cruise ships do not need a visa during their stays at ports not exceeding 72 hours, if they spend the night aboard the ship.
    • St. Petersburg is the only destination on the route of the ship.
    • Passengers who come ashore as part of an organized tourist group do not need a visa.
    • It is forbidden to leave the ship with an expired passport or without a voucher from the host party. 
    • Citizens of foreign countries, who travel by cruise ship, wishing to go beyond the territory of ports outside organized tourist groups must possess a Russian visa (the visa decision should be made at the Embassy of the Russian Federation. Obtaining a visa in ports is not a possibility).

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