Moscow has always been famous for its gardens, parks, squares and green boulevards occupying a third of its territory. Russian tsars patronized their creation from ancient times, and after that - city self-government. They served as a resting place for entire generations of Muscovites, and their shady avenues and paths remember many famous visitors.
The first gardens in Moscow and its environs, as well as in Europe, appeared at the beginning of the XIV century at monastic farms. One of the best was considered a garden, broken by the metropolitan of Gaza in Jerusalem, a Greek by birth, by Paisius Ligarid on the Spaso-Semenov monastery, located at the Nikolsky Gate in the Kremlin. Also known were Novospassky, Donskoy monastery gardens and the Kudrinsky Patriarchal Garden beyond Moscow, which began from the times of the All-Russian Patriarchs, the owners of the village of Kudrino.
Soon, following the example of the monasteries, they began to plant gardens by royal orders. At the confluence of the Moskva River and Yauza, in the XIV - XVII centuries there was an extensive Vasilyevsky meadow, which belonged to the prince's court, and in the second half of the XVII century, on the orders of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, Vasilyevsky Garden, which became the largest gardening enterprise of that time, was defeated. The area on the opposite bank of the Moskva River was named Sadovniki (Gardeners) from the garden that was laid out in 1495, under Ivan III, the Sovereign Garden, and the tsarist gardeners serving it. From the end of the 16th century, Vorontsovsky Garden existed on the Vorontsov field, near to the summer palace of Ivan III. In the middle of the XVI century, under Ivan the Terrible, to supply the royal pharmacy with medicinal plants along the riverbed of the Neglinnaya and the Kremlin walls, between the Trinity and Borovitskaya towers, Aptekarsky garden was laid out. It was the first Russian apothecary garden, and it existed at this place until 1706. And by the beginning of the 17th century, after the establishment of a special Pharmaceutical Order at the court, three more pharmacist gardens appeared in Moscow: at the Florovsky (Butcher) Gate of the White City, at the court pharmacy in China Town, outside the eastern wall of the Kremlin, and in Nemetskaya sloboda.
Park "Zaryadie" in Moscow
On the day of the 870th anniversary of Moscow, a new Zaryadye park was opened near to the Kremlin walls. This is a grandiose recreational zone in the heart of the capital, an innovative site of the 21st century, a combination of innovative architectural solutions and current achievements in the field of landscape design.
“Zaryadie” is the first new large park in the capital in almost 70 years. Its scope and complexity of engineering solutions are amazing. The area of the park facilities is almost 78 thousand square meters, of which 25.2 thousand "squares" will take a multifunctional concert hall. In Zaryadie there is also built underground parking for 430 cars.
The main feature of the park is that all its objects are “hidden” under the landscape. At the same time, the green space of “Zaryadye” is not monotonous - the entire territory of the park was divided into four climatic zones: forest, northern landscape, steppe and flood meadows.
Another advantage of the new park is the picturesque view of the Kremlin, which Zaryadye visitors can admire from the “floating bridge” over the Moscow River. After a walk in the park, you can have fun at the rides - ride the “Time Machine” or go to the “Flight over Russia”.
Address: Varvarka st.
Gorky Park in Moscow
Gorky Central Park of Culture and Rest is one of the main parks of Moscow, which is visited daily by tens of thousands of people. It became the first world-class park in Russia, a space for recreation, sports, dancing and outdoor games.
Free admission, Wi-Fi, new modern zones, a program of events and attention to people — all this has turned Gorky Park into the epicenter of the capital’s life, making it one of the main points of attraction for both young people and family audiences.
According to official data, almost 700 thousand people visit Gorky Park in just one week. The park was founded in the first half of the last century, and today its area is more than 219 hectares.
On this vast territory there are playgrounds, sports facilities, an observatory, numerous cafes, the Garage Museum of Contemporary Art and other objects attractive to children and adults.
In the warm season, a summer cinema opens, festivals and concerts of music groups are held on the stage of the Green Theater, and sun loungers and snow-white tents await you at the Olive Beach. You can walk along the Krymskaya Embankment, rent a bicycle, have a rest by the Andreevsky or Golitsynsky pond, and visit the blooming greenhouse and the rose garden with a fountain. An aviary with rabbits is located in the central part of the Gorky Park, and swans and geese inhabit the ponds. Everywhere it is easy to notice and feed the squirrels from your hands. Food can be brought with you or purchased in specialized machines. In addition, red-eared turtles, parrots and Achatines live in the “Green School”.
Interesting events, festivals and concerts are held in the park every weekend.
In winter, guests are received in a skating rink and snowboard park. And recently, a spacious stereo-stick was opened in the park, where the Alexei Yagudin School of figure skating first started working. Classes for children under 12 years are for free!
Address: Krymsky Val st., 9
VDNH in Moscow
The Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy is the largest multifunctional exhibition, congress and recreational complex of Moscow, covering an area of more than 235 hectares. Every year it is visited by over 20 million Muscovites and guests of the capital.
Today VDNH returns the status of the best exhibition site of the country and the most popular recreation and educational center, where you can not only have a good rest, but also get new knowledge. Their unique source, of course, is the Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy itself, operating as an open-air museum.
VDNH is one of the best recreational areas in the city for hiking and cycling. After carrying out landscaping works and replacing asphalt pavement, the main exhibition has become a place of strength for tourists, vacationers, as well as beginners and advanced roller skaters and cyclists.
For the convenience of guests at the Exhibition of Economic Achievements, a large pedestrian zone is organized, which occupies a third of the Exhibition area. This is the Main Alley (the territory from the Arch of the Main Entrance to Industry Square, including it), as well as part of the Zaprudnaya zone (the area is limited to the Ring Road, Poultry Breeding, Park Road and Botanical Driveways, as well as the platform at Pavilion No. 27 "Physical Culture and Sport").
Developing the educational traditions of the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition-USSR Exhibition of Economic Achievements, the All-Russian Exhibition Center revived the Tour Desk, the School of Guides and Exhibition Halls, and the School of Gardeners and Landscape Designers.
Address: 119 Mira Ave.
Park Sokolniki in Moscow
The oldest park in Moscow is located in the northeast. The nature of these places inspired the artist Alexei Savrasov, composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky and musician Nikolai Rubinstein. The park received its name in honor of the royal and grand falcon hunting, which took place here in the XVI – XVII centuries.
For a long time, Sokolniki was considered to be a royal place of rest: Elizaveta Petrovna had noisy holidays with a huge retinue, Empress Catherine II loved to walk around the park when she was in Moscow, and Emperor Alexander I arranged a celebration in honor of his coronation in Sokolniki.
During the years of revolution and the Civil War, the park fell into disrepair. It began to be restored only in the 1930s: they cleared the area, planted new plants, built a fountain at the main entrance, and on the big circle - a stage and a restaurant.
In 1941, when the front approached Moscow, the park was closed. However, in the summer of 1942, the Veranda of Dances, the Symphonic Variety Theater, the Green Theater, where a summer cinema was opened two years later, again started working.
In the 1990s, the park again fell into neglect. Its territory was again landscaped in 2011: ponds were cleaned, picnic areas were equipped, lawns were renovated, and sidewalks were repaired. The architects restored the summer theater and cinema, the Great Rose Garden, an outdoor swimming pool. Sports grounds, an extreme sports park, a skating rink and bicycle paths appeared in the park.
Address: st. Sokolnichesky Val, 1, b. 1
Garden "Hermitage" in Moscow
The favorite resting place of Muscovites and guests of the capital originally belonged to the former actor of the Maly Theater M.V. Lentovsky, and the Garden Hermitage is located on Bozhedomka. The unique entertainment place in which aristocrats made daily promenades, by the end of the 19th century came to desolation when its trustee was ruined - houses were built on the site of the former garden.
The modern garden “Hermitage” stands on the site of an old manor - on July 16, 1894 the site was taken over by the merchant Ya.V. Shchukin, who just a year later turned an abandoned wasteland into a paradise. Shrubs and trees were planted here, flower beds were broken, graceful benches and winding paths leading into the park were ennobled, and the building of an abandoned theater was reconstructed, which in a few years took place one of the first film shows in the country. By the way, Sarah Bernard and Maria Yermolova played on his stage, Fyodor Shalyapin made his debut here and the Moscow Art Theater was opened with the premiere of the play “Tsar Fyodor Ivanovich”.
For all the time, the garden was reconstructed several times: a summer concert hall was built here, a screen for a summer cinema was installed and many buildings of historical and cultural value were restored.
The Hermitage Garden has been for over 115 years a place where the whole kaleidoscope of the modern cultural life of the capital is reflected.
On the territory of the garden there are a fountain, white-cloth, summer stage, a cinema, dovecote, cafes and restaurants, a playground and other objects.
Address: st. Karetny Ryad, 3
"Museon" in Moscow
Park "Museon" serves as a venue for various art events. Here beginner musicians and stage stars, lecturers and street theaters regularly perform. The “Museon” program covers all cultural activities: city festivals, art biennials, lectures, film screenings, and environmental events.
One of the most intriguing attractions of the park is the open-air cinema, which allows visitors to watch movies even with the sun, even with the rain. The repertoire is amazing by its variety. It has everything from frivolous Hollywood comedies to art-house documentary.
One of the most important projects of “Museon” is the “School” pavilion, where everyone can learn to understand art. Representatives of science and culture often deliver lectures here, for example, the graphic artist Tagir Safaev, the writer Zakhar Prilepin, music critic Alexander Kushnir.
An oriental garden, decorated with Asian sculptures, is also definitely worth exploring.
On the territory of the Park of Arts there are outstanding sculptures of domestic and foreign masters of the XIX and XX centuries. The “Museon” exhibits Soviet monuments saved from destruction in 1991, including monuments to the class struggle theorist Karl Marx, leader of the world proletariat Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin.
Address: Krymsky Val, 2
Garden named after Bauman in Moscow
Once on this place there was the Golitsyn’s estate. The prince himself gave the citizens the right to visit the garden and walk along its shady avenues. Pushkin, Turgenev, Gogol and other famous Russian writers walked here.
Garden named after Bauman was opened in the 1920s and still reminds of the pre-war time. For example, the open stage construction of the time serves as a venue for concerts and free screenings of the classics of world cinema. Leonid Utyosov and many other stars of the Soviet Union performed on this stage, it also got into the film “Pokrovskie Vorota”. From the time of the Golitsyns, a manor and a decorative grotto have remained here.
The park lives a busy life. In the summer, there is a bicycle and roller rental service, you can play tennis on a specially equipped playground, or play sports on outdoor exercise machines in the Workout zone. In the warm season, free outdoor activities are held in the park - yoga, fitness, dancing and other diverse workouts. And in winter the rink opens.
Most fun here will find the youngest guests. The park has a family center City Kids - dance and language classes, creative workshops, theater and music classes, lectures for parents and much more. Visit the chamber theater for the whole family "Fanny Bell Lodge", where they show interesting and kind performances. A theater studio is located in “MiMiDomik” and they spend funny birthdays, and in the children's photographic studio “ANGELPHOTO” they make children's soulful photos.
If you get hungry, then look at one of the many cafes that are located in the territory of the Bauman Garden.
Address: Old Basmannaya St., 15
Park "Krasnaya Presnya" in Moscow
Small green park a few steps from the Vystavochnaya metro station is the only Dutch ponds and paths in Moscow that remember Pushkin and Baratynsky.
In 1790 it was a manor that belonged to the princes Gagarin. Then the park was still a country estate. Until 1790, the entire area of Krasnaya Presnya was run by the boyars - their country dachas were located here, and the name of the area itself was derived from the fact that the water here was fresh. The water of the well Studenets, from the name of which the manor went, was famous for healing power. The estate has a long and rather tangled story: it passed from hand to hand. Architects were also attracted to the arrangement of the park - according to the drawings of the past they recreated the main gate of the park.
Since then, much time has passed. By the beginning of the 20th century, the Krasnaya Presnya Park looked like this: the legacy left by the USSR in the face of the obligatory monument to Lenin, the Dutch ponds, a declining manor house.
The park has all the conditions for outdoor activities. There are two children's playgrounds for games, a football field with an artificial lawn, which does not care any time of year, exercise equipment and a workout area, playgrounds for kicker games and table tennis battles. For lovers of extreme sports, there is a skate-plaza and a streetball court. There are free dance workshops, an open-air cinema, playgrounds, you can rent bicycles. In winter, there are two skating rinks in the park: with artificial and natural ice.
Address: st. Mantulinskaya, 5
Moscow Zoo in Moscow
Moscow Zoo is the first zoo in Russia, opened in 1864. The initiator of its creation was the Imperial Russian Society for the acclimatization of animals and plants, and the zoo was largely supported by donations from the imperial family. The Moscow Zoo was built by the projector of the architect Campioni, but most of the pavilions appeared later. The work of the Moscow Zoo is to preserve the species, research and educational activities.
Now it contains about eight thousand individuals belonging to about one thousand one hundred species of the world fauna. The animals of the Moscow Zoo are contained in several dozens of expositions representing a particular region, family, species, etc. For example, in the Australia section you can admire emus and black swans, and then look at the Giraffe House.
The zoo is a member of the World and European Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the Eurasian Regional Association of Zoos and Aquariums. It participates in many international programs for the conservation of endangered species of animals, collaborating with conservation organizations around the world. There are special tours for children, seminars and lectures.
The favorites of the public in the Moscow Zoo are manul cats. This wildcat was even on the emblem of the zoo until 2014.
You can see some of the popular inhabitants of the zoo - red panda, jaguarondi, cheetahs, and birds of prey online: video from the Moscow Zoo webcams is broadcast online on the official website. See also the special material “Moscow webcams”.
Address: B. Gruzinskaya st., 1
Apothecary garden in Moscow
In 1706, here, on the then northern outskirts of Moscow, behind the Sukharev Tower, by decree of Peter the Great, an Apothecary garden was established for the cultivation of medicinal plants. At first it belonged to the Apothecary Prikaz, then to the Moscow Hospital and Medico-Surgical Academy. The plants grown here were used not only for the preparation of medicines, but also for teaching botany to medical students, future Russian doctors.
By the beginning of the XIX century, here, as in many other medical gardens in Europe, hundreds of plant species were collected, the value of which was not in their medicinal properties, known or assumed, but in their significance for the study and teaching of botany. That is why Moscow University stopped at this site when choosing a place to transfer the botanical garden from the city center, from Mokhovaya. In 1805, the former garden was purchased by the University and remains to this day under its jurisdiction.
Many well-known scientists worked in the garden, to which the Russian natural science is largely due to its development. Thousands of students and schoolchildren grasped the secrets of the vegetable kingdom here, and countless ordinary visitors came here to relax in the shade of an old park, admire well-kept flower gardens or marvel at strange plants from distant countries in greenhouses.
For three centuries of the history of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University "Apothecary garden" happened, like the whole country, to go through different times. But even today, the ancient garden continues to fulfill its noble mission - to tell about the wonderful world of plants and its significance for the Earth and its inhabitants.
Address: Mira Ave., 26 Building 1
- Park "Tagansky" in Moscow
Recreation Park "Tagansky" is located in the center of the capital, in the heart of Tagansky district. For many years, the park has remained a center of leisure and family recreation not only for the residents of the area, but for the whole Moscow. Festivals, holidays and sports competitions are traditionally held on its territory.
"Tagansky" was built in 1934, along with 150 other parks under the capital landscaping project. Creating a park is a merit, first of all, of residents of the capital. It was by the forces of ordinary citizens, who went on Saturdays, and a modern park of culture and recreation was laid.
The cultural life of the park is represented by theatrical performances, rallies and sporting events. Here sports competitions are held, performances of professional athletes, patriotic and sports clubs conduct their activities. An outdoor sports stadium is located on the territory of Tagansky, which anyone can visit.
After World War II, the recreation park became the center of meetings with veterans and heroes of the USSR. Here are the patriotic education of young people in various clubs, including military and sports.
The history of many famous athletes began right here. So, for example, the Olympic champion Irina Rodnina first got on the skates at the rink of the Tagansky Park, and the first performances of Alla Pugacheva and Nikolai Ozerov were also held here.
Address: Taganskaya St., 40-42
Park named after Leo Tolstoy (Khimki) in Moscow
A huge park near the channel named after Moscow was opened in 1947. This place has always been popular among the Khimki residents, but after a recent large-scale reconstruction, the park became even more beautiful and attractive.
In the central part, on “French Boulevard”, guests can stroll around the most beautiful flower beds and flowerpots with flowers, and then walk to the observation deck overlooking the canal. The park has a cycle track with a total length of about two kilometers. New playgrounds and many attractions are open for children.
In addition, dinosaur park “Secrets of the World” and a rope park “School of Superheroes” are working here. Adult athletes can go all out on a hockey box, tennis courts, or street gym. On the open-air concert stage, year-round holidays and film screenings are held in the open.
Nearby is the Rock Garden - a recreation area, where quotations from Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy are carved on large stones. There is also a library area: for lovers of a quiet and informative recreation, a library house with benches for reading is equipped.
In summer, the contact zoo “Ark” is open in the park. In the warm season, you can relax on the city beach FIRST.
Address: Leninsky Prospect, 1
Museum-Reserve "Tsaritsyno" in Moscow
In the XVIII century, by decree of Empress Catherine II, the Tsaritsyno Park was founded. It was assumed that this would be the summer imperial residence, which would replace the estate Kolomenskoye, rather bored Empress.
The park complex of the park is a model of Russian Gothic architecture; it has no equal in Russia. Tsaritsyno Park itself is located in a hilly area, has a cascade of ponds. To create the English gardens in the imperial residence was discharged from England, one of the best gardeners of the time, Francis Reed.
Since 1860, the park and many of its buildings have become summer cottages. Many famous writers rested there: Dostoevsky, Tyutchev, Chekhov, Plescheev, it was here that Bunin met his future wife. At one time, Tchaikovsky, Timiryazev, and many other prominent cultural and scientific figures have been here. Since 1927, various museums were located in the buildings of Tsaritsyno, and in 1993 it received the status of a museum-reserve.
They began to actively restore the former imperial palace only in 2004. Today it is a large park where not only residents of the surrounding districts of Moscow come for a walk. At the entrance to the territory of the museum-reserve guests are greeted by a musical fountain, which can be approached via two elegant bridges. At the entrance to the palaces stylized gates with towers appear. The Opera House, which was built as a venue for gala receptions and balls, now hosts concerts of classical music, various official events. Flowers in flowerbeds form geometric patterns that repeat the patterns and elements of the architecture of the palace complex. On the paths you can meet squirrels who willingly regale themselves with nuts.
Also in the park is the only Moscow greenhouse complex that is used for its intended purpose - plants of the same species are still being grown here as in the 18th century.
Address: Dolskaya st., 1
- Neskuchny garden in Moscow
Neskuchny garden fully justifies its name - this is really one of the most interesting corners of Moscow. In fact, the garden got its name from the estate Neskuchnoye of Prince Trubetskoy. When the princely and neighboring lands were redeemed by the palace department of Nicholas I, the whole territory became the name of the estate.
Prokopy Demidov, a major industrialist who owned the territory before the Orlovs, is considered to be the creator of the garden itself. It was he who began planting exotic plants here, gave his possessions the shape of an amphitheater (on which, by the way, seven hundred workers worked for two years).
One of the pavilions of Neskuchny Garden is familiar to anyone who watches TV - in the Hunting Lodge of the mid-18th century, experts have been gathering for 26 years to play the next tour of “What? Where? When?".
Today, there is something to do; not even counting unhurried walks along quiet alleys: there are sports grounds for small and big tennis, a rope park, a chess club, and even a football field and a gym that works all year round. In addition, here you can always eat in one of the cafes.
Many Muscovites know that in Neskuchny Garden you can easily spend a working day - in one of the spacious houses the co-working Workstation is located. And right next to it is the children's club “Shardam”, where master classes, games and performances for the little ones take place every day.
Address: st. Krymsky Val, 9
Vorobievy Gory in Moscow
Vorobievy Gory is the main observation deck of Moscow. In fact, this is not the mountains, but the river bank, cut by cliffs and landslides. Here, keys and springs make their way out of the ground. This place is 150 million years old. Previously, there was a sea, and then - one of the oldest human settlements.
Not much is known about the village here. In 1435, it was bought by a single fighting princess, who ruled the principality, and fought against specific princes, and defended Moscow from the Tatars. She bought it from a priest named Vorobiev - hence the name. Sometimes, however, they say that the mountains got their name from the fact that many sparrows historically lived in this area.
On September 1, 1900, the Rublevsky water supply system was erected here. The city grew, there was not enough water, and then the water supply of the city went from the Moskva River through the Vorobiev reservoirs. This led to the idea of building a park. The idea was in the air, but nothing went further than vague dreams. Muscovites came here for a walk - drink tea, listen to the gypsy.
Since 1953, the era of MSU began, a platform with a magnificent panorama of Moscow and a ski jump appeared. Here they were building a subway station, but it was extremely unfortunate - in order not to disrupt the deadlines, the builders added salt to the concrete, which leaded to a quick destruction of the structure.
The Soviet government decided to build a whole city here - a stadium with 40,000 seats, a park, an open theater. By the last they were going to bring all types of transport, including aircraft. But for some reason they did not embody this idea.
Address: Lenin Hills, 1
Manor "Kolomenskoye" in Moscow
Kolomenskoye was once the royal residence and patrimony, and today it is a beautiful historical and cultural monument with a vast territory of 390 hectares as part of the united Moscow State Museum-Reserve. In the southeast, the park overlooks the Moskva River embankment, pleasure boats depart from the pier. Most of the territory is untouched nature: forest, ravine, hill, descent to the river, but there are also many historical and architectural sights.
Kolomenskoye served as the summer country estate of the Moscow rulers since the XIV century. The unique architectural ensemble of Kolomenskoye was formed during the XVI-XVII centuries. Kolomenskoye was the favorite residence of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich; in 1668 the tsar built here a huge wooden palace, called by his contemporaries the eighth wonder of the world. After the transfer of the capital to St. Petersburg, Kolomenskoye fell into neglect. By decree of Catherine II, the dilapidated palace was dismantled. In the vacant place in 1766-1767 they erected a new, four-story palace, which was also dismantled after 100 years.
In 1923, on the initiative of the famous restorer P. D. Baranovsky, on the territory of Kolomenskoye, the creation of the first open-air museum of wooden architecture in Russia began. At the same time, the house of Peter I (1702) moved here from Arkhangelsk. In 1990, work began on the restoration of the architectural ensemble and the restoration of the old manor. In 2010, the construction of the palace of Alexei Mikhailovich based on the surviving drawings was completed.
Address: Andropova pr-t, 39
Victory Park on Poklonnaya Hill in Moscow
The memorial complex in honor of the 50th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War, the construction of which was begun in 1984, was solemnly opened on May 9, 1995.
Poklonnaya Hill, the main height of which was located directly on the Mozhayskoe Highway and reached the height of the fifth floor of a nearby house, was moved deep into the park. A bulk part was added to the mountain, which made it much higher.
Today Poklonnaya Hill is one of the main attractions of the capital, a place of perpetuation of the memory of those killed during World War II.
This memorial park, located between Kutuzovsky Avenue and Minskaya Street, is a landmark place for veterans of the Great Patriotic War, who gather here on Victory Day annually, on May 9th. In addition, Victory Park is a popular place for winter and summer holidays for Muscovites and guests of the capital. Many Moscow families keep memorable photos taken on their wedding day at the Alley of Newlyweds in the Park.
Address: st. Fonchenko Brothers, 7
Museum-Estate "Arkhangelskoe" in Moscow
It is an outstanding architectural and artistic ensemble of the end of the XVIII century. Several generations of talented craftsmen — architects and artists — have worked on the creation of this masterpiece. In the halls of the museum there is a rich collection of porcelain and earthenware, as well as Western - European painting of the XVII - XIX centuries.
The architectural and park ensemble in Arkhangelsk arose in the heyday of classicism in Russia, drawing on the basic concepts of beauty in the art of antiquity. The park was born simultaneously with the construction of the Big House, and after the acquisition of the estate of N.B. Yusupov constantly improved. This is one of the best works of landscape art of Russia in the late XVIII - early XIX century. In composition and harmonic beauty, it is almost flawless and reflects the tastes of different eras, the influence of various traditions. The strict logic and balance in the architecture and composition of the park are related to Archangelskoe with Italian Renaissance gardens and French regular parks, and its landscape groves seem to be sketched with a brush of an English landscape architect.
“An uninitiated man, who would have caught the eye of pictures from Arkhangelskoe, would never have said that we have views of the Moscow province. This is Italy ... some villa, perhaps another French castle with its terraces, countless marbles, cropped avenues, but not a Russian manor house in the vicinity of the Throne”.
A lot of lordly palaces and summer houses were built in the magnificent century of Elizabeth and Catherine II, some of them (for example, Kuskovo or Nadezhdino) were even grander in size than the Archangelskoye, but nowhere did the stately-noble style of that time appear so well, nowhere Russian copies come close to their Western models; nowhere is there such an illusion of “abroad” than in Arkhangelskoe” wrote Russian artist, art historian and art critic Alexander Benoit.
Address: Arkhangelskoe village
- Chistye Prudy in Moscow
Anyone who comes to Chistye Prudy is surprised: why in the plural, if the pond is one? The explanation is quite logical: one of the ponds was bombarded. The same situation was in the case of the Patriarchal Ponds: the plural also remained in the name.
Once upon a time there were swamps in this place, but gradually they were drained. The river Rachka, which flowed here, crossed the walls of the White City, and a pond was formed near the walls. At first it was called Pogany, there are several versions of this name. Many believe that it comes from the word paganus, which means "heathen." This story is connected with the boyar Kuchka, who was not respectful to the founder of Moscow, Yury Dolgoruky, for which he was first killed and then drowned in a pond. Historically confirmed fact: executions on the site of the Chistye Ponds were, but in the time of Ivan the Terrible. By order of the tsar, 120 boyars were cruelly tortured and executed at this place.
But the most common version is related to the fact that before near to the Poganye Pond there were meat rows. All Moscow came to the slaughterhouses (by the way, they were located on the street with a speaking name, Myasnitskaya). When cutting meat, unwanted parts that did not go on sale, butchers dumped directly into the pond. This fact could not disturb the Prince Menshikov, who lived nearby. The prince ordered the ponds to clean. After that, the name "pogany" disappeared, and the ponds became Chistye.
In 1911, world champions in figure skating practiced on the ice of Chistye Prudy. By 1960, the pond was equipped, the boat station was opened.
Address: Chistoprudny Boulevard
Devichie field square in Moscow
It is a small park of Moscow in the shape of a triangle. The field owes its name to the Novodevichy Convent, to which this area adjoined and to which was granted by a royal decree of 1685.
There are, however, other versions: the first reminds us of the times of the Tatar-Mongol yoke: perhaps it was here that the girls were gathered, that were taken in capture. According to another version, in this field, the townspeople grazed cows, and on summer evenings they organized games.
In 1765-1771, not far from the square, a state-owned theater stood on the Devichie Field, in which free performances were given in the summer and on holidays.
In the square there are a lot of benches where you can relax in the shade of tall trees; there are two good playgrounds and a fountain. One of the entrances has a monument to L.N. Tolstoy, at the second, just next to the fountain – to M.V. Frunze.
Beautiful square is planted with tulips and lilacs. It is especially nice to walk in it during the flowering period. Cozy shops and a large fountain - all this awaits you in the Square of the Devichie Field.
Address: Khamovniki district
Patriarch's Ponds in Moscow
Since the end of the 16th century, this area has been known as the Goat Marsh, or Kozikha, which was probably named for the abundance of goats. It was not by chance that the church of Spiridon, the patron saint of the shepherds appeared here at the end of the 16th century.
After the Smuta, these lands were taken over by the patriarchs and became known as the patriarchal Kozya sloboda. In the early 1680s, by the decree of Patriarch Joachim, cascade ponds were dug in the territory of the settlement, which were refreshed with underground keys and kept clean. There were three ponds, which gave the name to the nearby Trekhprudny lane.
After the fire of 1812, two small ponds of the former Patriarchal settlement were filled up, only one remained - the Great Patriarchal.
There was a period when the question of the conservation of the pond was seriously raised. The reason for this was the spring flood in 1897. "In connection with the pollution of the Patriarch's Pond and the large expenditure of forces and funds to clean it," the Duma raised the question "about the full backfilling of this pond", especially since “its existence in a densely populated area is not caused by any real need”.” Fortunately, the pond has been preserved. They had to drain the reservoir and fill it with fresh Mytishchi water.
When ice skating became popular in Moscow, many Moscow ponds were adapted for skating rinks in winter. The skating rink on the Patriarch's Pond has been especially popular with young students since the 1870s. Leo Tolstoy brought his daughters to the rink. In addition to ice skating, there were other forms of entertainment on the pond: boats in the summer, concerts and shows on a specially constructed stage.
In 1983-85, on the site of the dismantled wooden pavilion of 1938, which was used as a dressing room at the rink, a slightly larger stone one was built. Its architectural solution largely repeats the style characteristics of the old one.
The Patriarch's Pond is repeatedly mentioned in fiction, but, of course, this place was immortalized by M. Bulgakov, whose novel “Master and Margarita” begins with the words: “Once in spring, at the time of an unprecedentedly hot sunset, two citizens appeared on Patriarch's Ponds, in Moscow ".
Address: st. Malaya Bronnaya
Park "Novodevichy ponds" in Moscow
Novodevichy ponds are a small picturesque park, stretching around the Bolshoi and Maly Novodevichy ponds at the eponymous monastery in the Khamovniki district.
The park with an area of about 12 hectares conquers above all with the beauty of the coastal landscape: the view of the Novodevichy Monastery reflected in the water, as if in a mirror, made it the glory of one of the most beautiful and romantic parks of Moscow. The combination of natural beauty and magnificent architecture attracts artists, lovers and newlyweds, and unexpectedly many Japanese tourists on the park’s alleys, apparently looking for a clue to the mysterious Russian soul at the walls of the monastery. The alleys are laid in such a way that they form a looped walking route around the ponds and a small shady square in which flower gardens are broken. Particularly attractive is the maple alley on the banks of the Great Novodevichy Pond, the most crowded, but not losing its seclusion. For the recreation of visitors, benches are installed in the park, a children's playground is provided for children.
On one of the alleys of the park a curious attraction is located: the sculpture "Give Way to the Ducklings!", made in the form of a duck family from a duck and a group of ducklings. The sculptural composition was donated by the United States of America and the Moscow children really liked it.
And the banks of the ponds were chosen by fishermen, who can be found here at any time of the day.
Address: Novodevichy passage, 1
- Goncharovsky Park in Moscow
Goncharovsky Park is a branch of Lianozovsky Park in the Northeastern District of Moscow on Rustaveli Street.
The official opening after the comprehensive improvement took place in the fall of 2013. The park has been greatly transformed, has become an excellent vacation spot.
After the reconstruction, lawns were restored, modern playgrounds were equipped and kilometers of bicycle paths were laid. A sports and dance floor, a stage for cultural events, stands, a summer cafe and a fountain appeared in the park. For older people a chess pavilion and gazebos for recreation were built.
The main attraction of the park was the ballet field. First of all, the park is interesting for children.
They installed several playgrounds, designed for different ages, for younger children - with a web of ropes, several types of swings, for older children-exercise machines, unusual slides and a mini car. In winter, the playground in Goncharovsky Park turns into a small-sized skating rink.
The park has free Wi-Fi Internet access zones, so you can relax here and work outdoors.
Also in the park there is a small pond, in the center of which there is a fountain.
Address: st. Goncharova, 6
- Park "Izmailovsky" in Moscow
Whenever possible, Muscovites try to escape from the city, breathe in fresh, clean air with a full chest. This is precisely what makes Izmailovsky Park so attractive. It was created in 1931, and since then its doors are open to visitors at any time of the year.
To go on a day off to Izmailovsky Park with the whole family has become one of the good Moscow traditions. The entry here has always been free. Guests are attracted by the naturalness of this place: it resembles a real forest with branchy trees, old stumps covered with moss and lichen, and sunny edges covered with tall grasses.
The picturesque territory of the park covers more than 300 hectares. Amusement complexes, multi-platform for games, large and small Ferris wheel, “PandaPark” rope-town, bike and electric car rental, beam-crossbow shooting gallery, “Svetlyachok” children's educational and gaming center, table tennis, Skate Park, tennis courts and many other entertainment await guests of the park. In winter, a huge ice rink is open.
In Izmailovsky Park you should definitely see a pavilion for chess games, restored by archival photographs. There are lectures, as well as teach children and adults to play checkers and chess. You can go down to the boat station, walk around the romantic promenade and visit the exhibition space, where free exhibitions, film screenings and master classes regularly take place. And with children - look into the children's library.
In the center there is a picturesque island, on which the Pokrovsky Cathedral and the almshouse building are preserved. Here you can enjoy the sun, sunbathe, play football and beach volleyball.
Address: alley of the Big Circle, 7
- Park "Fili" in Moscow
Fili Park is deservedly called an active park. For lovers of rich rest, there is plenty of space here: Scandinavian walking, yoga, dancing, gymnastics, football, and hockey. In summer, there is a rental of bicycles, rollers, gears, scooters and other types of non-motorized transport. In winter, you can easily rent skis or skates.
For lovers of adrenaline hanging rope Panda Park is equipped. The height of the tension ropes is up to twenty meters above the ground. From other entertainment there is a quest room, summer cinema, chess house, rides, and children’s playground.
For older people in the park, Fili holds computer literacy classes, yoga and fitness classes, meetings with interesting people.
Special attention deserves the Art Studio, which is located near to the main entrance. Here leisure is organized for those who are tired of the computer. You can come alone, and you can come with the whole family. Drawing, dance lessons, yoga, jogging - choose entertainment for the soul.
Animal lovers love Fili Park too. There is a real stable and a mini-zoo where you can chat with some pets. By the way, the movement “Feed the squirrel!” is organized in the park.
In summer, the Summer Cinema is open in the park, and it is pleasant to stroll along the picturesque embankment, the length of which is 5 kilometers, at any time of the year. In addition, it is here that various sports events take place - races, cycling races and roller skating.
Address: st. Big Filevskaya, 22 Building 1
Manor "Vorontsovo" in Moscow
The manor located on the territory of the park of the same name is a real architectural monument of the end of the XVIII - beginning of the XIX century. It originally belonged to the boyar Vorontsov - in the old part of the park there are still growing oaks and lindens, which saw the first owner of these lands.
Interestingly, there was a secret factory here, preparing the first Russian aircraft - balloons, which were to be used for military purposes in the 1812 war. Construction was approved by Arakcheev and Alexander I, but the first ball could not be completed - its prototype was burned when the French approached the estate. The people who were guarding the estate were unlucky: they were caught and shot - 26 people took leave of their lives. The subsequent fate of the estate and the park is clear: the estate passed from hand to hand, and then the Bolsheviks came to power. In 1920 a bio station appeared here, a bit later a pig farm, and even later there was a football field on the territory: for the match, they changed clothes on the bus and trolley bus left nearby. Up to the end of the 20th century there were barracks in the Vorontsovo estate. In 1979, the USSR decided to eliminate burials in the park; they say that the graves were then simply razed to the ground with bulldozers. The part of Vorontsovsky Park that has not reached us, in the opinion of historians, was reminiscent of the Kuskovo estate.
In the 20th century, the manor became neglected, it began to be restored only in 2006, after a year the works were completed, now everyone can see the most famous landmark of Vorontsovo - the Church of the Life-Giving Trinity. Also this place is famous for its ponds, from which the river Ramenka originates. In the summer you can go boating here, and in winter there is a bathing point for walrus swimmers.
Address: Vorontsovsky Park, 3
Park "Kuzminki" in Moscow
Kuzminki Park is located in the south-east of the capital. This is one of the greenest corners of Moscow. The park was opened in 1977, and in 2017 it celebrated its 40th anniversary. On its territory there is everything necessary so that people of different ages can actively, cheerfully and with interest spend time.
One of the most striking sights of the park is the manor of Golitsyn. This old estate survived the rebirth, but it retained the spirit of its time. Here are waiting for those who are tired of the metropolis and just love history. The first owner of the estate was an industrialist, financier and political figure Grigory Stroganov, and after him the estate was taken over by Prince Sergei Golitsyn. In the 19th century, a French-style park appeared on the estate, and in 1977, “Kuzminki” Recreation Park was formed at this place.
For young people who prefer extreme leisure, a skate park of 2500 square meters is built in the park. Sky-zones with jumps and street-zones with figures are popular with roller skaters, riders, skaters and kickers. There are also tables for table tennis, outdoor trainers, a workout area and a volleyball court.
Fans of classical art will be delighted with the School of Imperial Russian Ballet. Both children and adults can learn air pirouettes — there are several groups at the school.
Younger guests of the park are also waited in the Fan-Fan’s children's club, where they can enroll in a drama school and an English club. Dance and creative workshops are held.
For older people, exercise equipment is installed in the open air and there is a playground where dance evenings and popular games are held - come and play checkers or chess.
Address: Kuzminsky Forest Park
- Park "Sadovniki" in Moscow
Sadovniki is a settlement that was once located on the territory of the modern Nagatino-Gardeners district. The emergence of Sadovaya Sloboda and the later village of Sadovniki dates back to the 16th century. The name of the settlement speaks for itself - it was inhabited by gardeners who cared for the Sovereign gardens.
Initially, local gardens were thought of as recreational, they had flower beds and covered walkways. But after a while, the gardens began to be used for growing diverse crops. In the gardens they grew mainly apples, pears, cherries, and plums of different varieties, as well as gooseberries, currants, strawberries and raspberries.
The harvest went partly to the royal table, and partly for sale. The palace was mainly supplied blanks: jams, pickles and sour. After the capital was moved to St. Petersburg, it became unprofitable to transport supplies from Moscow, and products that had previously entered the royal table were now sold on Moscow markets.
The park, in its modern view, was established in 1989, sitting on the site of a large wasteland along Andropov Avenue.
In 2005, in the center of the park, within the framework of cooperation between the two countries, the “Rigsky Garden” was built, which was created according to sketches and projects of Latvian specialists, elements of which resemble Riga. In the southern part of this park there are footpaths stylized under the winding streets of Old Riga, the wall is lined with stone and decorated with flowers, in the northern part there are children's playgrounds, two volleyball fields, a carousel and a cable car.
Address: pr. Andropov, 58A
- Park "Perovsky" in Moscow
The motto of the park is “Live brighter”, and it is fully justified. Here they try to take part in all cultural events of the capital; this place has become one of the main places for leisure activities for the elderly and those whose physical abilities are limited. Many entertainment and cultural events, numerous exhibitions, concerts, flash mobs and other activities aimed at organizing the recreation of guests.
From the historic estate Perovo there is a church pond dug on the keys in 1704, an object of cultural heritage: the Church of the Icon of the Mother of God “The Sign” and several park alleys. Among the trees you can see oak, maple, chestnut, birch, pine. There are also centenary specimens. Perovsky Park is a monument of landscape art.
“Children are our everything” is the second, unofficial motto of Perovsky Park; therefore, there is a lot of entertainment and events for the younger generation. Special attention deserves the club "Little Raccoon". In the institution, everything is aimed at the development and entertainment of babies. There is a dry pool, a sensory room, where the nervous tension is perfectly removed and working capacity is restored, many developing toys and plus, regular workshops are held where the child learns new things.
There are many playgrounds where both young and old have fun with the same pleasure: billiard room, volleyball, “Towns”, attractions for all ages and electric car rental. For those who prefer a relaxing holiday, a chess club, reading room and cinema work. By the way, here is the temple of the Sign of the Icon of the Mother of God.
Address: st. Lazo, possession 7
Park "Patriot" in Moscow
The Military-Patriotic Culture and Recreation Park of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation was officially opened on June 16, 2015 and in a relatively short period of work has become a popular holiday destination.
Today, the military-historical complex "Guerrilla Village", the Center for Military Tactical Games, the Multifunctional Firing Center, Museum Ground No. 1, the Congress and Exhibition Center, where samples of Soviet and Russian armored and aviation are presented, , armored and special equipment, as well as a branch of the Park - “Central Museum of Armored Armament and Equipment” are open to the public.
Address: Minsk highway, 55km, Kubinka
Park "Meschersky" in Moscow
Park Meschersky is an ideal place for lovers of nature and outdoor activities, offering a developed infrastructure for leisure and sports and excellent conditions for recreation with family and friends. Its territory covers 465 hectares of mixed forest in the west of Moscow.
Park Meschersky is a unique in its kind monument of nature and culture, carefully preserving the spirit of the history of past centuries. Here you can enjoy the singing of birds, breathe the cleanest air, and admire the quiet surface of Meshchersky pond and the Setun river.
The park has a roller track, bike lanes, a football stadium, a work out area and sports equipment rental. For children various playgrounds, Angry Birds Park and Panda Park are equipped. There are regular classes in running, Nordic walking, yoga and roller skating, in winter - the ski track is laid.
Address: Odintsovsky district
50th anniversary of October Park in Moscow
The park of the 50th anniversary of October is one of the largest forest-park zones in the south-western part of Moscow. The facility covers an area of 67 hectares on the bank of the Ramenka River between Udaltsov Street and Vernadsky Avenue.
Visitors will be interested in the park with the possibility of a pleasant outdoor recreation with children, a large number of sports fields, and interesting sights.
Construction of the park of the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution was completed in 1967, on the anniversary of the revolutionary events. Convenient location, excellent ecology, the presence of a river and a pond made the park one of the favorite places of rest for Muscovites. At the same time, the territory of the object is large enough to keep the alleys and paths calm and uncrowded.
Another important memorial site in the park of the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution is the “Alley of Partisans”, planted by the partisans and underground fighters of the Second World War times.
In the autumn of 2017, the reconstruction of the park was completed. 24 sports and playgrounds with a total area of 4.3 thousand square meters appeared on the site, among which there are playgrounds for basketball, ping-pong, badminton, volleyball, cycling, skating, mountaineering, and boxing.
In the central part there is a concert venue where various creative groups regularly perform.
During the reconstruction, architects and builders managed to keep the initial configuration of the park, which is considered one of the greenest in Moscow.
Already at the entrance guests are greeted with numerous flower beds and arches covered with climbing plants. Lawns are neatly trimmed, everywhere is clean. Paved paths, paved with tiles and pebbles: you can ride on rollers, bicycles, walk with carriages, run.
In the park's arboretum - fir, oak, linden, rowan, birch, bird cherry. In spring, when flowers bloom, there is an amazing scent in the air.
Address: Udaltsova St., 22 A
Olympic Village Park in Moscow
The Park of the Olympic Village is a park located in the western district of Moscow, the territory of which covers Troparevo-Nikulino and Prospekt Vernadskogo.
The Olympic Park was built for the 1980 Summer Olympics. Prior to that, the village of Nikolskoye was located on the site of the park, but on the threshold of the upcoming international competitions in 1978, the village was demolished, and construction of a special park for Olympic athletes began in its place.
The athletes themselves were supposed to live in the nearby Olympic Village. The Olympics passed, and the park remained. For 30 years the park remained unchanged and was not the most sought-after space in Moscow.
But after the reconstruction carried out in 2015 by a famous British architectural company, the park not only retained its historical significance, but also became one of the most successful metropolitan projects. It has a developed infrastructure for comfortable restб including for people with disabilities and people with limited mobility: the park is equipped with ramps and stair descents.
Trying not to forget the past of the Olympic Park, the authorities during the reconstruction equipped the park with a variety of sports facilities. Over the past two years, the Olympic Village Park has become a popular public place for athletes, families and tourists.
Today the park has four sanitized ponds, a coastal promenade area, fountains; 6 modern playgrounds; mother and baby room with changing station; rope town; artificial climbing hills; ten sports fields for various sports; bike paths; dance floor; picnic area; pet walk area; changing rooms, showers, recreation areas, first-aid posts, security points, cafes, toilets.
Address: Vernadsky Avenue
Manor "Kuskovo" in Moscow
One of the most romantic places in Moscow is the Kuskovo manor. At one time it was called the Versailles near Moscow, so much it reminded with its beauty the garden of the French kings.
The estate, where the Kuskovo estate is now located, was in the possession of the Sheremetev counts for more than three hundred years: from the end of the 16th century until the revolution of 1917.
In the 18th century, under Peter Borisovich Sheremetev, the manor truly flourished and received its present appearance. It was then that a palace, a greenhouse, a church, a bell tower, houses, pavilions, numerous sculptures appeared, a magnificent garden with gazebos was laid out. Peter Borisovich made his estate a place of entertainment for the entire Moscow nobility. In other times, up to 30,000 people came here to the balls, and the Sheremetev Theater was considered the best in Moscow.
The palace of Kuskovo, completely wooden, was built in the style of Russian classicism. Here in the summer they greeted the guests. It was possible to drive up to the main entrance by carriage. Entry and exit to this day are decorated with figures of sphinxes.
After the revolution, a museum of ceramics was located in Kuskovo. Today, the estate still welcomes guests, but already as a historical museum. The decoration of the palace, houses and pavilions tried to keep as close as possible to the time when the estate belonged to Sheremetev.
The weekends in Kuskovo are crowded. There are concerts, shoot historical films, you can take pictures and just walk. The manor is open all year round.
Address: Yunosti st., 2
Lilac garden in Moscow
The lilac garden is the most representative collection of lilac among all the gardens and parks of Moscow. The park is located between Lilac Boulevard and Schelkovskoye Highway, a mile and a half north of Izmailovsky Park.
The garden was created in 1954 on the basis of a lilac nursery on the initiative of the famous breeder Leonid Kolesnikov. Initially, 32 varieties of lilac were planted on the territory. Some specimens are 60–70 years old; there are varieties that exist in one or only a few specimens. For example, "Dzhambul" - the world's first lilac with white-petal, the size of the flowers reaches two centimeters.
The creator of the park, Leonid Kolesnikov, brought about 300 varieties of lilac, of which about 50 are still preserved. Many of them have become popular not only in the USSR, but also in the world. Lilac of Kolesnikov breeding grows in the park of the Buckingham Palace in London, in the Taynitsky Garden of the Kremlin and other famous gardens of the world.
In the summer of 2014, reconstruction works were carried out in the most fragrant park of the capital, as a result of which a new light and music fountain was built, the road and footpath network was updated, stylish and comfortable benches and other indispensable park objects appeared, such as lighting, security points and a toilet. But the main thing is the restoration of a unique collection of lilacs. To date, 126 new seedlings have been planted.
After improvement, the Lilac Garden became not only an open-air lilac museum, but also a park where you can have an interesting time, regardless of the season. In 2015, a lilac pavilion appeared in the Lilac Garden, where lectures, seminars and exhibitions will be held, as well as a playground, flower beds with perennial plants, an experimental vegetable garden and two WorkOut platforms.
Address: Schelkovskoye sh., 8-12
Manor "Lefortovo" in Moscow
They say that it was here that Peter I first met one of his associates and future bosom friend - Franz Lefort. And today it is a place where guides acquaint visitors with the history of Russia, show old photographs and video recordings, arrange interactive programs.
Previously, Lefortovo had a settlement with foreigners who settled here after the Livonian War. This settlement on the bank of the Yauza was plundered by the Poles during the reign of False Dmitry II. Gradually, it was here that something like the “embassy” suburb of Moscow was formed.
The creation of a landscape gardening ensemble began in the 18th century. All construction was concentrated in the hands of Fedor Alekseevich Golovin. Thanks to his efforts, Lefortovo Park was created, which resembles the famous Versailles ensemble. Since that time, alleys and ponds have been preserved, as well as a 20th century arbor in the style of classicism. And already Paul I, who came to the throne in 1796, gave the look of Lefortovo a military parade style.
Nowadays Lefortovo estate is a place where residents and guests of the capital can attend interesting educational lectures. The presenters will be happy to tell their listeners about the stages of the emergence and subsequent development of the Lefortovo palace and park ensemble, the reigns of Peter I and Empress Elizaveta Petrovna, the charity mission of Lefort himself and his entourage, the history of the emergence and dissolution of the Moscow Cadet Corps, the birth of the Russian Navy and many other fascinating topics concerning the history of Russia. Among other events, interactive cognitive classes are held here, which are accompanied by the demonstration of visual exhibits, photographs and video recordings of historical persons and events related to the estate.
Address: st. Krasnokazarmennaya, 3
Manor "Lyublino" in Moscow
The heyday of the Russians, including the Moscow region estates, dates back to the end of the XVIII - the first half of the XIX century, when they gave special importance to their architecture and landscape design. Behind all this was the image of the luxurious royal residences of the "northern capital" - St. Petersburg, and also the image of Versailles - the sovereign of minds, the legislator of high artistic taste and lifestyle. In the first place, as in the French samples, ancient symbolism appeared which gave the nobleman a bright shine and high status.
All these remarkable features are embodied in the architecture of the palace of N.A. Durasov and the historical ensemble of the former estate near to Moscow Lyublino.
Today, the Lyublino estate is an architectural and landscape monument of federal significance, which is located in the South-Eastern administrative district of the capital, near to the Volzhskaya metro station. Since 2005, the estate is part of the Moscow State United Museum-Reserve.
It is remarkable that almost all the historical buildings of the manor have been miraculously preserved to our time, albeit rebuilt in the 20th century. As in the XIX century, the compositional center of the manor ensemble is the main manor house-palace.
Address: Letnyaya st., 1
"Babushkinsky" Park in Moscow
The park was founded at the end of the XIX century and was originally designed as a public one. It acquired the status of a recreation park in the 50s of the last century. It is said that the Improvement Society took part in the development of Babushkinsky Park: as early as 1898 it had thought through and realized the project. And the park was named in honor of Ivan Vasilyevich Babushkin, a pilot and hero of the Soviet Union.
Visit the Green Theater in the “Babushkinsky” park - this is a covered venue for 1000 seats. It is here that festivals, holidays and workshops take place, and in the warm season - film shows.
Strengthen your health on the gym under the open sky. In addition, yoga, group gymnastics and Nordic walking are practiced here. To play professionally the game of tennis and table tennis is possible with any level of training.
You can spend your leisure intellectually - in the pavilion there is chess, checkers and a small library, which, by the way, you can fill up with your books.
For children, the park is equipped with playgrounds; there is a mini-zoo, horseback riding. In late autumn, an outdoor skating rink begins its work.
Every year the park is changing more and more. Most recently, the opening of the first in the capital "dry" fountain took place. Its water bowl is located under the ground so that it seems as if its jets are beaming up straight from the earth's surface. In fact, there are a lot of such fountains in the city: there is a fountain-trick on Tsvetnoy Boulevard. The whole point is that in the summer heat you can safely run through the water jets, which will cool you down. The park regularly hosts entertainment: you should not be surprised if a juggler or an organ-grinder suddenly comes out.
Address: st. Menzhinsky, 6 b. 3
Park "Northern Tushino" in Moscow
Park complex "Northern Tushino", located in the northwest of the capital, is one of the most popular places for family holidays in Moscow. After a complete renovation carried out in 2013, the park was divided into 5 thematic zones, each of which has its own name and features. The total area of "Northern Tushino" is 54 hectares.
EKO Park or Relaxation Zone is the most "green" zone of the park, located in its northern part. The abundance of greenery and unique work of landscape designers give this area an atmosphere of peace and remoteness from the city bustle.
Active Recreation Area or “Bodry” Park is a park area designed for sports and physical education. There are also sports fields, tennis courts, ping-pong tables, bicycles and roller skates for hire, as well as a station for wakeboarding.
Attractions and playgrounds for children are located in the "Good" Park or Family Recreation Zone. In addition, there are also beaches, a pier and a food court, assembled into a single unit and equipped with verandas and tents. In winter, a huge ice rink is flooded here.
The Fertility Zone or Zakharkovo Park is a kind of natural monument. This zone is dedicated to the apple orchard, which has been growing on the park’s territory since 1950. Here in the 30s a village of the same name was located.
The Museum of the History of the Navy is the last zone of the park, also called the Cognitive. In the museum, located on the territory of the park, you can get acquainted with the exhibits of the history of the Russian military fleet, including the “SKAT” airborne landing craft.
Address: Svobody st.
Park of the North River Station in Moscow
The park of the Northern River Station until the 90s was a completely neglected place, resembling a wasteland overgrown with weeds. Now it has been revived and is a great place for walking with children, cycling or roller skating, and in winter a large rink is flooded here.
The park of the North River Station was founded in the late 30s by the works of numerous victims of Stalinist repression. Near the main entrance is a statue called "Waterway", which is a girl holding a sailboat on raised hands. Park fence, installed simultaneously with the building of the river station, is a real example of architectural art. And in the depths of the park there is a monument to the famous representative of Russian shipbuilding A. N. Krylov.
In the warm season, the park of the Northern River Station becomes the venue for flower garden competitions, after which it is full of flowers. In general, the park is a vivid example of the severity and majesty characteristic of the Stalin era, with immaculately straight avenues, tall trees, the crowns of which are closed by a dense tent, providing reliable shelter from the hot summer sun.
Children's playgrounds deserve special attention. Some of them are not much different from the usual, but two are built in a marine style - in the form of ships. At one of them - an old sailing vessel - instead of ladders there are small and safe slides, and inside - a sandbox, various ladders and ropes. The second is made in the form of a small cutter with large windows and passenger seats.
Address: Leningradskoye Highway, 51
Friendship Park in Moscow
Friendship Park, built as a sign of good relations between nations, today is a quiet island in a residential area in the north of Moscow. On the one hand, the park borders are on the Leningradskoye Highway, on the other is Flotskaya Street, from where buses and minibuses depart to distant areas of the capital and suburbs.
In the park you can see the monument to the Spanish writer Cervantes. The monument is a copy of the sculpture, installed in Madrid. Also in the Park of Friendship there is a monument to the Kyrgyz hero Manas, a monument to the memory of soldiers who died in Afghanistan, the sculptural composition "Festival Flower". The author of the composition "Bread and Fertility", which is located in the park, is Vera Mukhina. Among her other creations is the famous monument “Worker and Kolkhoz Woman”, as well as the legendary cut glass familiar to all of us since childhood.
A special attraction of the park is Alice Selezneva Alley, named after the heroine of the popular Soviet film “Guest from the Future”.
The history of the park begins in 1957. It was founded by participants of the sixth international festival of youth and students, which at that time was particularly popular.
Then there was not yet built a subway and there was no Left Bank district of Moscow. Active development began only a few years after the opening of the park. It was in its own way a unique phenomenon for the capital - when they first arranged the territory and planted trees, and began to erect residential buildings afterwards. Thanks to this decision, a well-kept park with a pond and shady avenues was nearby.
Later, in 1964, the River Station metro station was opened. Its southern lobby is located on the outskirts of Friendship Park.
Today, the Friendship Park has comfortable conditions for a safe stay, including with children. There is a large number of playgrounds, a field for sports, several ponds, as well as alleys, flower beds and lawns, where it is so pleasant to lie down on a hot summer day.
Address: Flotskaya Street
- Lianozovsky park in Moscow
The oilman Lianozov was in love with one pretty girl. But he did not receive the reciprocity: the lady of the heart ignored him. Then Lianozov came up that he would make for her a cascade of ponds, hoping to win the heart. But even then she did not appreciate his work.
But it, of course, was appreciated by Muscovites. Lianozovsky Park was founded in 1932. It is easier to say that there is no territory on it than to describe everything that is here. But we will try. So, there is a children's cafe, and a boat station (just past the ill-fated cascade to ride), a summer cafe, a small amusement park, "Panda Park", and also a stage. In winter, one of the smallest but most comfortable skating rinks of the city is flooded here. For children there is also a playground "Fairy Tale Alley". The newly-weds fell in love with the openwork bridge of this park: the railing is hung with locks with various inscriptions and drawings.
This park has a little mystery. If you are tired of walking around the landscaped area, then go a little deeper into the park, to the musical fountain. Here a small forest begins in which it is very nice to have picnics.
The park can be completed in half an hour. They take care of the park, take care of it. And in return, people come back here again and again.
Address: Uglichskaya St., 13
Park "Berezovaya Grove" in Moscow
In fact, there are not so many birch trees in the park - together with them there are lindens, ash and maple trees.
Once on the site of Berezovaya Grove there was an infantry camp on Khodynka field. The park was laid out here in the middle of the last century, and already ten years later this place became one of the favorite places of Muscovites. In the southern part you can find the dovecote that has survived from wartime, and in the northern part you can find playgrounds, a rowan alley, lilac bushes, dog walking areas, playgrounds.
Berezovaya Grove is a quiet place where you can walk with your whole family, feed the squirrels, which are quite a lot, and learn to distinguish ravens. Address: Kuusinen, 8
Park "Dubki" in Moscow
Between the experimental cottage of the Timiryazev Academy and the Big Garden Pond there is an old landscape park called Dubki. On the shore of the pond there is a small oak grove of natural origin. The entire area of the park can be speculatively divided into a number of remarkable parts: a decorative pond, the Church of St. Nicholas, a memorial, playgrounds for children, and a sector for sports and special places for dogs.
At the end of the XX century in Dubki they made a serious restoration work and repair of all facilities. The real gem of the park is the restored wooden church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, erected in 1915 by the famous architect of the time, F. O. Shekhtel. This church is still active. In addition to oaks in the park there are two specially planted rows of maple. There are pines, Tatar maple, horse chestnut, bird cherry, larch, birch, ash. In the form of a hedge trimmed hawthorn grows. Honeysuckle, viburnum, lilac and thuja are planted in groups. There are three alleys of lindens and a grotto with empire columns. Dubki Park is an element of the Petrovsko-Razumovskoe reserve; it is a protected monument of landscape art.
On the territory of Dubki there are two beaches: on one you can sunbathe on the grass, on the other - on the sand, the boat station and comfortable changing rooms. Twenty years ago it was possible to swim in a pond, but now only dogs are bathing there. A small wooden bridge was thrown through the pond duct. The shores themselves are reinforced with log piles. You can often see fishermen. In the summer, cool fountains work here and ducks swim, who gladly accept treats from visitors. In honor of the soldiers from the Timiryazevsky district who died in the war with Nazi Germany, a memorial was erected in Dubki Park on Victory Day in 2000.
Address: Dubki st., 6
Park "Northern Oaks" in Moscow
Park "Northern Oaks" was located on the place where the dacha plots of Moscow residents were located before. It is distinguished by its rarity in the rich plant and animal world: sprawling oaks, graceful birch, larch and linden are protected by the state. The park is inhabited by a large number of different birds: here you can meet starlings, wagtails, nuthatches, finches and even spotted woodpeckers. There is also a white-backed woodpecker listed in the Moscow Red Book.
In the park you can walk along the wide roads and cleared paths, and the oak alley deserves special attention, after which the reserve was named. On the territory of the Northern Oaks there are two ponds connected by a channel, through which a bridge is laid. Until recently, these waters were allowed to swim, but now there are fountains, and ducks live in warm season. The main attraction of the park is the church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker built at the beginning of the last century.
Here you can relax with children: there are all sorts of children's rides, playgrounds for entertainment, and on weekends you can ride the kids on horseback.
Address: Keramichesky pr-d, 71
- Park "Ostankino" in Moscow
The wooden manor Ostankino is one of the few monuments of architecture that closes for inspection if the humidity on the street becomes above 80%. The park has planting cedar; you can also find huge lindens and oaks of 200 years of age.
In the western part of the park there is the Park of Theater Sculptures with the figures of "Count", "Jester", "Kukolnik". It seems that the idea of Count Sheremetev remained forever on the streets of this park - everything here reminds of his theatrical past, when grandiose performances with fireworks were arranged for the royal family, and for training serf actors they were looking for the best teachers in Russia and abroad. The theater troupe was huge - 170 people, performances were given in different genres.
Children will be able to ride the alleys on rollers or bicycles, walk through the woods. The park is especially good in summer and autumn, when residents of neighboring houses come here to relax by the water. In the warm season, outdoor enthusiasts can go boating on the Garden Pond. The park has a new stadium, playgrounds, a paintball club, workout and dance grounds. There are cafes and restaurants.
Address: st. 1st Ostankinskaya, 5
Manor "Ostankino" in Moscow
Formation of the residence Ostankino Estate dates back to the XVIII century. It is one of the former country residences of the Sheremetev graphs. In 1740, Peter Borisovich Sheremetev began the construction of the Kuskovo estate, which he decorated until his death. At the same time, he developed a new ownership - the estate Ostankino. Peter Sheremetev broke a park here and made a hall for balls and receptions. But the real flourishing of the Ostankino estate came during the tenure of the estate of his successor, Nikolai Petrovich. After returning from a trip to Europe, the young graph became interested in the development of a home professional theater. Actors and dancers hired teachers, brought scores and sketches of scenery from Paris. Manor Kuskovo was too small for large-scale productions, and the count decided to reconstruct the estate Ostankino.
In 1861, after the serf reform, the lands of the estate began to be given to the dachas. After the 1917 revolution, the manor was nationalized and in 1919 received its first visitors.
Now this is an amazing place for inspection, which closes if the humidity is more than 80%. This is because the estate is made of wood and is sensitive to weather extremes. The wooden structures are covered with a reinforced mesh, on which a layer of marble chips is applied in a special way. The resulting surface is painted with patterns of amazing beauty; the interiors are furnished with unique furniture and magnificent lamps. Currently, the estate is undergoing restoration work, not all rooms are open to visitors, but even by those that are available, one can judge the beauty and luxury of the rooms.
At the estate old cedar grove grows. If you look at the green grid on the facade of one of the buildings, you can see the Sheremetev coat of arms.
Address: 1st Ostankinskaya st., 5
“Rostokinsky Aqueduct” Park in Moscow
This is a rather unusual bridge across the Yauza River, built in 1783-1784 after the plague on the orders of Catherine II. At that moment there was such a problem as the delivery of clean water to the city. Architects F. B. Bower and I. Gerard completed the construction of an aqueduct 25 years after it was discovered, and only in 1804 the water supply system was launched.
Rostokinsky aqueduct is a regular water pipeline, although it was built in the form of a bridge across one of the waterways of Moscow - the Yauza River. However, not the appearance is its important distinctive feature. First of all, this structure is interesting in the history of its creation. And this is the only remaining part of such a large-scale project as Mytishchi gravity flow pipe.
For all visitors the entrance to the aqueduct is free, but the visit is allowed only on weekends or holidays, because apart from contemplating the surroundings, standing on the surface of the aqueduct, there is hardly any other occupation. Particularly curious visitors to this monument of domestic engineering can look into special glass windows, once created to observe flowing water. Nowadays, the flowing water is no longer visible, but you can imagine exactly where the channel of the canal that supplied the central regions of the Russian capital with water flowed a century ago.
Particular attention should be paid to the park, which is divided into two parts by the Rostokinsky aqueduct. This tidy and refined area is a good option for a family holiday. There are a large number of green spaces, flower beds, lawns, comfortable benches and playgrounds.
Address: pr-d Kadomtsev, possession 1 building 4
Park "Garden of the Future" in Moscow
In place of a small park near the Botanical Garden, which was laid out on the territory of the burnt down estate of Leonovo, a grandiose Garden of the Future is now spread, which has become one of the largest parks in the capital.
The global reconstruction of the park ended in the autumn of 2017. The main goal was to restore the style and structure of the noble estate of Leonovo. The main driveway was restored according to historical drawings two hundred years ago. Also, the original appearance was returned to the linden and ceremonial alleys and the flower garden, adding new plants to them. On the territory of one of the dilapidated buildings now a regular garden is laid out, where a place is set up for celebrations, concerts and other folk festivals. A multi-level promenade leads to the old pond.
A wooden gazebo with designer cocoon chairs, a work space, a playground with exercise machines and a children's area with musical instruments give a modern look to the park. On the territory there are several points where you can eat and rent sports equipment.
Historical facts suggest that the manor park on the estate of Leonovo was organized here in the 18th century. The house owner has not reached our days. From the manor we got a pond, which in winter is used as a skating rink, the Church of the Deposition of the Robe, in which beautiful frescoes have been preserved, as well as an alley of old lime trees and a three-hundred-year-old oak tree under state protection. The garden is adorned with the river Yauza flowing here, which in this place does not freeze in winter.
Address: 2nd Leonova proezd
Manor "Altufevo" in Moscow
Manor Altufevo is located in the northern part of Moscow. The name of the estate was received from the eponymous village, the first mention of which dates to the end of the XVI century. The manor includes a park with a small pond, a temple of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross and some outbuildings.
The master's mansion in the baroque style was built in 1767 by I. I. Velyaminov, but was subsequently rebuilt several times. The last restructuring in the eclectic style, as a result of which the house received its present condition, was carried out by N. A. Zherebtsov. Only under the last owner of the manor, the oil owner G. M. Lianozov, an extension was made to the house.
The construction of the Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross was completed in 1763. The church is interesting for its architecture, being a characteristic pattern of the type of "under the bells", which is quite rare.
In Altufevo park there is a pond and a small river. Of the outbuildings of particular interest are the building of the brewery and a small outhouse with old cellars.
Address: Altufyevskoye sh., 149
Park of the 850th anniversary of Moscow
The park of the 850th anniversary of Moscow is located in the southwest of the capital within the Moscow Ring Road. It stretches along the left bank of the Moscow River, on both sides of the Brateevsky Bridge, conventionally dividing the territory into two parts - the eastern and the western. Recreation Park is limited by the river bank, Porechnaya Street and Bataysky proezd. On the one hand, it rests on the Donetskaya Street, and on the other - comes to the Verkhnie Polya Street. The Maryino district, in which the huge green zone is located, belongs to the Southeast Autonomous district of the metropolis.
Recreation Park is very popular among Muscovites. It is visited not only by residents of nearby areas - Maryino, Pechatniki and Kapotnya. Located in a 13-minute walk from the metro station "Maryino" allows you to quickly get to the park, bypassing numerous traffic jams. The vast territory contributes to the organization of various sports and entertainment and festive events, lush greenery gives you the opportunity to breathe fresh air almost in the center of the metropolis, and the calm atmosphere to have a pleasant rest. All year round, adults and children, the elderly and young people come here with pleasure.
The cultural and sports facility was opened for visitors in the jubilee year for the capital - 1997, which is why it received such an unusual name. Two years before the momentous day, a memorial stone was laid in the western area, which is still here today.
- Park named after Artyom Borovik in Moscow
In the fall of 2001, residents of the Maryino area took the initiative to assign the name of the famous journalist and public figure Artyom Borovik who had been died a year before to that park.
The park named after Artyom Borovik is perhaps the most unusual in Moscow, because there are no spreading trees there, in the summer there is no place to hide from the scorching sun, you cannot sit on a bench located in the shade. However, all this is only a matter of time, because the trees and shrubs that were planted quite recently did not even have time to grow. But there are many well-groomed lawns, wide walking alleys and bicycle paths. The park has a very well-developed network of sports fields with all kinds of horizontal bars, in winter an ice rink opens, and skates and other sports equipment are rented.
For children, there is real expanse: there are a lot of playgrounds and amusements in the park, and the children's play areas are divided according to the age of the kids, which is indicated by a sign installed at the entrance to the playground. Playgrounds are covered with a special coating that significantly reduces the likelihood of injury.
Address: Pererva st.
- Dusseldorf Park in Moscow
This park got its name from the city of Dusseldorf, by analogy with the architecture of which the park was designed. The park was set up in this territory in 2006, but this small piece of greenery got its present name only in 2009 - before that it was called the “tenth microdistrict Maryinsky Park”. And in this park there are tablets in German, there is a zoo in the face of pheasants and a small number of turtles, an oak tree was planted in honor of the 15th anniversary of the establishment of a partnership between Düsseldorf and Moscow - the tree was brought and placed on the territory of the Mayor and Ober-Burgomaster personally.
When creating the park, they were guided by German traditions: it was for them that the territory was designed. In the center of Düsseldorf Park, Radshleger is installed - a monument to the boy who makes the wheel. Of the entertainment in the park - a playground, bike paths. The park is ideal for walking and is a real paradise for locals: German quality, original design and excellent mood are guaranteed.
Dusseldorf Park is presented in the form of a bulk hill and an artificial pond. Also on its territory there is a cycle track. In December last year, a skating rink was opened in the park, where both adults and children ride with pleasure. Dusseldorf differs from the usual park for the better: there are neat tracks in the park; the territory is illuminated at night. You can always go to feed the animals in the mini-zoo: they say that they are almost omnivorous and will gladly eat everything you can offer to them - from nuts to bananas. One more fact is connected with the park: they want to build an Orthodox church on the territory, but the residents of Maryino are against it.
Address: Belorechenskaya St., 43
Park of the 60th anniversary of October in Moscow
It is easy to guess that the park of the 60th anniversary of the October Revolution was founded in 1977 on the celebration day of the October Revolution anniversary. It is located in the largest flood plain within the boundaries of the capital. Until the 1930s, these places were called Nagatinskaya floodplain and were regularly flooded during the spring floods of the river, and therefore they were swamped and unsuitable for use.
Now the park has the official name - Nagatinskaya floodplain (from the village of Nagatino, once standing in these places), but Muscovites continue to call it as before. Since 2013, this territory was included in the park Kuzminki. Last year, the mayor of Moscow announced that on the site of the park of the 60th anniversary of the October Revolution, it is planned to build the largest amusement complex in Russia, which will not yield to the grandeur of Disneyland.
In the meantime, in the park of the 60th anniversary of October there are gazebos, bicycle paths, tables for table tennis, an interesting living corner, an observation deck. Here you can ride a bike, rollerblading or play football. In winter, Muscovites ski on the paved ski track and skate on a specially-flooded rink. It is equipped with a warm dressing room, rental of skates is organized. Despite such a developed infrastructure, there are many secluded corners in the park for those who like to walk in places untouched by civilization and admire wildlife.
Address: Ave. Andropova, 5
- Festival Park in Moscow
Created in 1936, the Festival Park was originally intended for walks with kids, but after reconstruction it was expanded and equipped to ensure the full recovery and sports development of children and adolescents.
The festival park is also called the Maryina Rosh Children's Park. In the 17th century, a cemetery for poor people and non-believers was located in its place, and a hundred years later, wealthy noble people were buried in the churchyard, which was called Lazarevsky by that time. Gradually, the necropolis fell into neglect, and in 1936 the Dzerzhinsky Children's Park was founded here. In the mid-80s, the park was reconstructed, expanded, and its name was changed to Festival.
In 2000, a large-scale reconstruction of the park itself was carried out, and the buildings there were improved, as a result of which the Festival Park became a modern center for children's physical culture and sports. Now it employs about thirty sports sections: football, tennis, basketball, martial arts and others. In winter, you can go skiing on a specially laid ski track in the park, and during summer vacations, a health camp opens here. The Festival often hosts various Russian and international sports competitions.
Address: st. Suschevsky Val
Park "Dubki" (Khimki) in Moscow
Park "Dubki" is located in the largest district of the city - New Khimki, 22 km from the center of Moscow. The nearest public transport stop is about 4 minutes’ walk. Metro station "Planernaya" is 5 km away. "Dubki" occupies a forest park area of about 15 hectares.
Directly at the main entrance there is a monument to the pilots who died during the Second World War, in the form of an LA-7 aircraft. In 2012, an obelisk was installed in the park in honor of the soldiers who took part in the Patriotic War of 1812. Another famous landmark of the park is the small active Church of the Epiphany of the Lord, built in 2004. The temple is stylized under the Old Russian buildings. The snow-white building with a bell tower and a belfry harmoniously fits into the green territory. The landscape is decorated with a well-groomed pond with a walking path and several gazebos for relaxation and a system of fountains and cascades.
For children's concerts, festive events and animation programs they created a wooden stage with a hinged roof. Near a modern playground is built. Adults can try their hand at the attractions of the rope park "School of Heroes". Nearby is a sports complex with an open area in the fresh air, exercise equipment and a football field.
The square named after Maria Rubtsova (Khimki) in Moscow
The square named after Maria Rubtsova is a recreation park located in Khimki. The park was named after Khimki resident Maria Denisovna Rubtsova. She was an honorary worker of public utilities in Khimki. Rubtsova was actively involved in the improvement of Khimki - with her participation, parks, vegetation and green areas appeared in the city. For her work, Maria Rubtsova was awarded the medals "For Labor Valor", "For Labor Difference", "Labor Veteran".
A memorial stone was set up on the side of Yubileyny Prospekt: In honor of the 60th anniversary of the Great Victory. Next to it there is a monument to the front nurse. The monument is a nurse who holds a wounded soldier on his lap. In addition, the T-34-85 Tank, which was installed on May 9, 2006, in connection with the 65th anniversary of the defeat of the German fascist troops near Moscow, as well as the military valor and honor memorial complex dedicated to the memory of soldiers special forces.
Address: st. May 9th, 1
Square on Olonetsky passage in Moscow
A square near Olonetsky passage stretches along both banks of the Yauza River, between Menzhinsky Street from the south, and the metro bridge from the north, Sukhonskaya Street from the west and Olonetsky passage from the east. The length from south to north is about 1.3 km and from west to east - 0.5 km. The park area is 49.9 hectares.
The territory of the park, besides the Yauza River itself, includes its three old billabongs. The park is a link in a chain of parks, squares and simply green areas stretching along Yauza from Mira Avenue to the Ring Road. It appeared quite a long time ago and was half-savage.
There were benches, playgrounds and other standard attributes of parks. But most of the territory was a nature untouched by civilization. Everything changed when a large-scale reconstruction of the park began, as a result of which the park radically changed its appearance.
The reconstruction project provided the maximum preservation of the natural features of this site. Ecological rehabilitation of old billabongs included clearing, strengthening the shores of old billabongs and the formation of "swamp" gardens. For the possibility of using this area for a good rest, wooden crossings and pedestrian bridges and viewing platforms were made
Address: Olonetsky passage
Botanical Garden named after N. V. Tsitsin in Moscow
The Botanical Garden of the Academy of Sciences in Moscow is the largest in Europe, with a rich collection of plants of open and closed soil, numbering over 17 thousand species and varieties. It was founded in 1945. Today its territory has more than 330 hectares of land.
There are only three botanical gardens in Moscow. The oldest of them was founded in 1706 by Peter I after the establishment of the Pharmaceutical Order and was used to grow medicinal herbs. The second is the botanical garden of Moscow State University on Sparrow Hills. The third, the largest, was opened in 1945 on the territory of Ostankino Park.
The main task of the Botanical Garden is the preservation of biological diversity. Garden Arboretum has almost 2000 species of trees and shrubs from around the world, in the expositions "Rosary", "Garden of continuous flowering", "Garden of coastal plants" and "Shadow Garden" collected a chic collection of floral and ornamental plants, in the greenhouse the number of species and forms tropical and subtropical plants exceeded 6,000.
The garden is really huge. At the time of opening, its area was 360 hectares - approximately twice the total area of the Principality of Monaco.
It is, in fact, more like a park than a botanical garden. Near to the plants there are almost no nameplates, and visitors, despite the warnings placed throughout the territory, still sit on the grass, sunbathe and ride bicycles or rollerblades. So, at first glance, a botanical garden is more like a wonderful place for outdoor recreation - perhaps in a little more exotic conditions. If you are more interested in signed and systematized rare plants, it would be wiser to go after them to the Pharmaceutical garden on Prospect Mira.
Address: Botanicheskaya St., 4
Museum-Reserve "Gorki Leninskie" in Moscow
It is an old manor, located near to Moscow. In the former noble estate there is the State Museum-Reserve “Gorki Leninskie”. In addition to the main buildings, visitors to the estate will also visit the apartment-museum of V.I. Lenin, see the exact layouts of his Kremlin office and apartment. In addition, in the reserve there is a well-preserved park and a museum of life of the Russian peasant.
The history of “Gorki” began in the 18th century, when landowner Marfa Saviteleva acquired a plot of land in a small village near to Moscow. A large house was built on the estate and a beautiful garden was planted. A few years later the noblewoman went bankrupt and sold her country ownership. The estate passed from one landowner to another, gradually decreasing.
In 1824, a well-known social activist, politician, participant in the war of 1812, writer and poet A.A. Pisarev bought the manor. During his stay, a two-storied stone manor house was built on the estate (before all the buildings were wooden), the northern and southern wings, the structure of the park was laid, which has been preserved until now.
Address: Main Alley 1, Gorki Leninskie
- Park "Rainbow" in Moscow
The Raduga Park is located in the eastern part of Moscow, named so because the cascade of ponds located on its territory has the shape of an arc.
Park "Rainbow" is divided into the territory adjacent to the Big Count Pond, a beautiful rocky coast of which is planted with old willows and chestnuts. Until recently, the park was in an extremely neglected condition, but three years ago the city authorities began the work on its reconstruction and improvement. A cleanup was organized during which more than two hundred birches, limes and spruces were planted. Subsequently, the alleys were paved with stone slabs, and a playground was built in the park, with characters and houses from favorite fairy tales, grass was planted for sitting, and special picnic places were arranged.
For lovers of active recreation there is a rollerdrom, bicycle lanes, volleyball court. And older people can sit on comfortable benches or chat with friends in the veteran courtyard.
Address: Zhemchugovaya alley
- Alexander Garden in Moscow
Alexander Garden is a well-kept park in the center of Moscow, stretching almost 850 meters along the north-western Kremlin wall from the Corner Arsenal Tower to the southern Vodovvodnaya Tower on an area of about 10 hectares.
The history of the Alexander Garden near to the Kremlin and Red Square began in the 1820s with the work of restoring the center after the Moscow fire of 1812 and the destruction brought about by the French army.
Landscape works were carried out under the imperial decree of Alexander I, the Kremlin garden was opened at the end of August 1821, renamed Alexander's in 1856.
Entrance to the Alexander Garden is free. Fir trees, lindens and maples, ornamental shrubs grow in the upper and middle parts of the park; flower beds are planted in the summer.
Address: Manezhnaya street
- Academic Park in Moscow
In 2017, in the south-west of Moscow, the creation of the Akademic Park with an area of 16.5 hectares was fully completed. It is located between the streets of Fersman, Dmitry Ulyanov and the prospect of the 60th anniversary of the October Revolution, not far from the Endocrinological Scientific Center. A new green zone appeared on the site of the old bases of the State Budgetary Institution “Zhilischnik”. Along the perimeter of the park, several entrances were established. Now tenants of adjacent houses will be able to access shops, a kindergarten, a school or the Endocrinological Scientific Center directly through the park. Previously, they had to get around.
The territory, on which the park was built, initially had a height difference of two to three meters. During construction, this feature was emphasized by installing stairs and ramps. Thanks to this solution, the park is divided into two parts - upper and lower. Part of the green zone is occupied by artificial hills up to three meters high. Between them there are winding footpaths of granite tiles, which visitors can walk on. At night, hills and paths illuminate lanterns and landscape lighting. The center of attraction in the park was the main square, which made a long semicircular pergola (canopy). Another 11 pergolas were installed throughout the park, and walkways with benches appeared on the walking paths.
For active citizens in the park a sports-game cluster of nearly three thousand square meters was created. On its territory there is a football field with stands, a basketball court, a workout area and a treadmill with a special coating. Also in the park there were three sports fields, one of which is designed for physical therapy. For younger visitors, there are six playgrounds in the park. On one of them, they found volumetric models of chemical elements - oxygen, uranium, and lithium. From the side of the main entrance to the park, visitors are greeted by three large dinosaur figures - herbivorous olorotitans and elasmotheries, as well as the predator Ivantozavr.
Address: st. Dmitry Ulyanov, 9Ас1
- Bratislava Park in Moscow
Bratislava Park is located in the south-east of the capital, in the area with the largest number of parks and green areas - Maryino.
The park was created largely due to the fact that in 1996, Bratislavskaya Street was created as a sign of friendship between Russia and Slovakia. At the same time, construction of the park began. Today it has become the place where residents of the new Maryinsky micro districts come to rest.
The park area is 7 hectares. It includes 35 thousand trees, many flower beds and green lawns. In the center of the park there is an artificial pond, where ducks live, which are constantly fed by the guests of the park.
In winter, ducks fly to warm lands, and in the summer they come back again. The most popular in the park is a hill located on the shore of the pond itself. In winter, when the city falls asleep with snow, it becomes a place for sledding and ice-sledding.
The park is well equipped for receiving a variety of guests. For children in the park there are game complexes and rides with incredible carousels, swings, slides and animators. Sports lovers will find high-quality sports fields, a football field, and comfortable running and skiing tracks.
In winter, the football field turns into a skating rink. Those who love the greenery will appreciate the beautiful landscape of the park, neat landscaping, bright flower zones and branchy trees that allow you to hide from the sun on a hot day.
Bratislava Park is the place where the whole family can come. Often it becomes a venue for weddings and photo shoots. On its territory there is a place that has become a symbol of overcoming family difficulties - a high hill, on which the newlyweds on the wedding day rise up, holding hands.
Address: Myachkovsky Blvd., 10
Brateevsky Cascade Park in Moscow
The Brateevsky cascade park opened in autumn 2006 is a park in the Southern administrative district of Moscow, in the districts of Brateevo and Moskvorechye-Saburovo. It is located on the right bank of the Moscow River. It is named so because it descends from a hill, from Borisovskiye Prudy Street, to the river by small terraces-cascades.
In 1980, in these places, on the banks of the Moscow River, sand was excavated for the construction of Maryino micro districts, as a result of which a bay of about 8 hectares was formed. In 2001, when laying the Lefortovsky tunnel, the Moscow authorities decided to use the released soil in the amount of more than 600 thousand cubic meters for the improvement of Brateevskaya Embankment.
Three hills were formed on the buried territory, larch trees, birches, apple trees, bushes were planted, and the embankment was decorated with granite stone. In the eastern (Brateev) part there is a small pond. In the summer of 2016, the park was improved, during which pedestrian areas were repaired, new lawns were laid, several children's and sports grounds were equipped.
Since 2006, the civil-patriotic game “Zarnitsa” has been held annually in the park. On July 23 and 24, 2016, in the Brateevsky cascade park, the II International “Rostekh” festival of fireworks was held, devoted to the theme of cinema. On August 19 and 20, 2017, the III International Fireworks Festival is held here, dedicated to the 870th anniversary of the city, in which teams from Russia, Austria, Armenia, Brazil, China, Romania, Croatia, and Japan take part.
Address: st. Borisov Ponds, 29 building 4
Dzhamgarovsky Park in Moscow
Dzhamgarovsky Park is located in the north of Moscow, near to the Moscow Ring Road, between the Ostashkovsky Highway and the Yaroslavl Direction of the Moscow Railway.
In the center of the park there is the Dzhamgarovsky pond. It is surrounded on the perimeter of a wooden promenade. Its depth is 2.5 meters, and the area is 13.5 hectares. In the lake carp, perch, roach, pike are caught. On the territory of the pond you can see many species of ducks.
There is a beach on the north shore. The park is used as a resting place, long famous for nightingales, which nest in a multitude of coastal shrubs. The pond is visited by gulls, terns and other near-water birds.
Dzhamgarovsky Park is more like a well-kept forest. Here you will meet lindens, birches, tall pines. Parents with strollers and babies walk along the paved paths with pleasure. There are sandboxes and swings for older children.
Dzhamgarovsky Park has repeatedly suffered from fires. After that, the authorities decided to equip a place to rest and make barbecues. Now there are gazebos with barbecues, a lot of garbage cans.
Address: Startovaya Street, possession 4
Catherine Park in Moscow
Until the beginning of the 15th century, a beautiful chain of various ponds was located on the territory of the park: they all belonged to the Neglininsky ponds, most of which are not preserved today. In the 16th century, the Holy Cross Monastery was moved here, and a little later the Church of John the Warrior was built.
Two centuries later, a manor appeared here, which in 1807 was rebuilt into the construction of the Catherine Institute - hence the name of this beautiful place.
The park is small, but very picturesque. In the winter time, the ice of the pond (which, by the way, is referred to as Naprudny or Bolshoy Ekaterininsky), is laid on a circular ski track. In the summertime they go boating here. By the pond you can find a restaurant with an open veranda, on the tables golden tablecloths are laid out. From the veranda you can enjoy a wonderful view of the expanse of the pond. There is a pavilion in Catherine Park, which Catherine II visited. They love to arrange photo shoots on wedding days, and in the summer in the park you can often meet brides in dazzling white dresses.
In the park there is a rental of sports equipment, and numerous playgrounds with simulators, including for the disabled. Summer entertainment is quite standard: a tent with sweet almonds, boiled corn and ice cream. Another pleasure for children is that military equipment is located next to the park behind the fence. Those who came to the play at the Theater of the Russian Army will enjoy walking through the park before returning home. From the park you can easily walk to the sports complex "Olympic".
In winter, a skating rink and evening illumination are arranged in the Catherine Park. This year the park was decorated in the style of the Moscow Puppet Theater.
Address: Big Ekaterininskaya St., 27
Park "Krasnogvardeiskie Ponds" in Moscow
Park "Krasnogvardeiskie Ponds" is a historical continuation of the main territory of the park "Krasnaya Presnya". The combination of these two parks into one system became possible through general navigation, corporate identity, design code of new facilities and infrastructure.
The territory of the Krasnogvardeiskie ponds extends from the Zvenigorod highway in the north to the 1st Krasnogvardeisky passage in the south and includes a cascade of three interconnected reservoirs. The ponds were created at the beginning of the 18th century, as part of the park ensemble of the “Studenets” manor of princes Gagarins. The territory acquired its present appearance in the late 50s of the twentieth century when the boulevard developed.
All objects are made in the same style of soaring structures with light lattice elements, the color scheme is also the same - they are shades of red, anthracite and natural wood. Particular attention was paid to additional landscaping.
Perennial plants have been added to the already established fabric of green plantings, designed to highlight the natural beauty of Krasnogvardeiskie ponds, as well as to create a missing middle layer consisting of various shrubs and plants specially selected for this area.
Address: Krasnogvardeisky Blvd.
Square in Golyanovo in Moscow
The park of an area of 23.3 hectares is located between Altaiskaya and Uralskaya streets in the Eastern Administrative District of Moscow, about 3.5 km north of Izmailovo Park.
The square is the outskirts of the “Elk Island” National Park. In the 1960s there was a swamp here; in 1980 it was decided to create a pond. Swamp was cleared, and it turned into a charming lake. But swimming here, as in most lakes in Moscow, is prohibited.
Near the Golyanovsky pond there is a stage and a small playground. Here during the holidays musical groups, dance groups perform. On the territory adjacent to the pond there are a lot of greenery, paths and benches.
Also, near the stage, there is a children's playground and a memorial zone, with a small monument "Eternal glory to the heroes who fell for their homeland."
In 2013, the territory was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Department of Culture of Moscow and transferred to the operational management of the Izmailovo Recreation Park.
Address: between Altaiskaya and Uralskaya streets