Monuments of Moscow begin their history from the beginning of the 19th century. Until that time, it was not customary to install memorials to specific individuals. In memory of significant events or prominent figures of the past temples were built, or crosses were erected. The word "monument" is the Russian version of the Latin "monumentum" ("moneo" means "to remind"). But in Russian traditions the word "monument" is also used, which is more often used to designate a large monument erected in honor of a significant event.
The first monument in Moscow became the second in all of Russia (after the St. Petersburg Bronze Horseman). It was a monument to the legendary liberators of Moscow Minin and Pozharsky, established in 1818 in Red Square. The author of the idea of the sculptural composition was I. Martos. Monument to Minin and Pozharsky planned to establish in Moscow in 1812, but the outbreak of war with Napoleonic France prevented the implementation of his plans. Like the Polish invaders in the distant past, the French did not succeed in keeping Moscow, and when the monument to ancient Russian soldiers finally took its place in the main square of Moscow, it symbolized the power of Orthodox Russia, the ability to withstand any opponent.
Perhaps the most abundant on the appearance of monuments in Moscow was 1909. At that time, monuments to Gogol, the first printer Ivan Fedorov, Lev Tolstoy and some others were opened in Moscow. The last monument, which was erected in Moscow before the revolution of 1917, is an obelisk on the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.
Worker and Kolkhoz Woman in Moscow
For the first time the world saw the work of the sculptor at the International Exhibition in Paris in 1937. The huge, strong and at the same time unusually light sculpture was built on the pavilion of the Soviet Union, designed by architect B.М. Iofan. The boy and the girl hold the symbols of labor high above their heads - the hammer and sickle. The fabric of the skirt and scarf flutter in the wind like a scarlet banner - the hero of Soviet parades and demonstrations.
The whole composition was made of new material then - chromium-nickel steel. Parts of the sculpture were knocked out on wooden patterns, and then they were welded and fastened on a powerful skeleton beam frame. It was a new word in sculpture. For the embodiment of the sculpture in the new material answered the engineer of the Central Scientific Research Institute of Mechanical Engineering P.I. Lvov. And he perfectly coped with his task.
At the exhibition in Paris, the Mukhina sculpture was a huge success. Photos of the statue were printed by all the leading newspapers, its copies were repeated on a variety of exhibition souvenirs.
After the Paris exhibition, the sculpture was transported back to Moscow. At first, they were not going to restore it at home, but in 1939 it took its place in front of the South Entrance to the Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy. For many years the sculpture stood on a low pedestal, which Mukhina called the "stump". Only in 2009, after several years of restoration, the sculpture was returned to the square. Today, “Worker and Kolkhoz Woman” stands on the building, ledging upwards.
Address: Address: Prospect Mira, 123B
Monument to the Conquerors of Space in Moscow
The monument was opened on November 4, 1964 - on the seventh anniversary of the successful launch of the Soviet artificial satellite of Earth, which went down in history as the first step in the conquest of outer space by man. The monument is a rocket, soaring into the sky and leaving behind a silver plume, which is faced with polished titanium plates. The entire height of the monument is a unique design with a height of 100 m at an angle of inclination of 77 degrees; its weight is 250 tons. The location of the monument is such that it can be seen from any point of the Exhibition of Economic Achievements.
Plume with a rocket is mounted on the stylobate, lined with polished granite. On both sides there are multi-figured bronze high reliefs depicting Soviet people of all professions who participated in a long history of space exploration. The stylobate also reproduces the texts of TASS messages on the most important stages in the exploration of the Universe.
On the facade of the stylobate, N. Gribachev's poetic lines were cut down: "And our efforts were rewarded with // what extortion is lawlessness and darkness, // we forged flaming wings // to our country and our age!" And further - “To commemorate the outstanding achievements of the Soviet people in the exploration of outer space, this monument was erected”. A monument to the founder of cosmonautics K.E. Tsiolkovsky, who completes the Cosmonauts Alley, is installed in front of the monument. The statue, made of a light gray granite block, depicts an image of an inspired scientist who is passionate about the daring dream of space flights, which has become reality today.
Memorable inscription on the pedestal: "Tsiolkovsky is the founder of astronautics."
Address: pr. Mira, d.111
Monument to Minin and Pozharsky in Moscow
A proposal to create a monument to the leaders of the Second Militia, who liberated Moscow in 1612 from the Polish invasion, was made at the beginning of the 19th century by the Free Society of Literature, Science and Arts Lovers. The monument was originally supposed to be set up not in Moscow, but in Nizhny Novgorod - in the homeland of the militia. The model of the monument on its own initiative in 1804 was made by sculptor Ivan Petrovich Martos - one of the most famous sculptors of Russia. In 1811, the initial decision was changed: the installation of the monument in Nizhny Novgorod was abandoned in favor of Moscow, the main site of the Second Militia. And after the end of the Patriotic War of 1812, the monument to Minin and Pozharsky acquired a new meaning: as a symbol of victory over the invaders and their expulsion from Moscow.
The monument was created after collecting donations, in which literally the whole country took part: the imperial family, noblemen, merchants, tradesmen. The grand opening of the monument took place on Red Square on February 20, 1818 in the presence of Emperor Alexander I and with a huge crowd of people.
In the first years after the revolution, there was a threat of destruction of the monument; there were suggestions for its remelting. As a result, in 1931, the monument to the heroes of the Second Militia "moved" from the center of Red Square to St. Basil's Cathedral, where it is today. In 2010–2011, a comprehensive restoration of the monument was carried out, which allowed it to be strengthened and to prevent destruction.
Address: Red Square
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier Memorial is located in Moscow in the Alexander Garden, near the northern wall of the Kremlin. The composition is a tombstone on which rests a bronze battle flag. On the battle flag lays a soldier's helmet and a laurel branch, also made of bronze.
In the center of the memorial there is a niche, in the middle of which the Eternal Flame of Glory burns in a bronze five-pointed star. Next to the fire, the inscription “Your name is unknown, your feat is immortal” was made of labradorite (by S. V. Mikhalkov).
On the left side of the monument there is a wall of crimson quartzite with the inscription: “1941 Fallen for the Motherland 1945”, and on the right side there is a granite alley, along which there are blocks of dark red porphyry. The name of the city-hero is carved on each block and the Gold Star medal is depicted. Inside the blocks there are capsules with the ground brought from these cities. On the right is a granite stele, lying on a pedestal - this is a new element of the memorial, which appeared here in 2010. The stele is made of red granite, its height is about a meter, and the length is 10 meters. Stele stretches almost to the groin Ruin. On its left side you can see the gilded inscription "CITIES OF WARRIOR GLORY", and along the pedestal are the names of 27 cities of military glory.
For many years, the monument continues to be one of the most famous throughout the country. Adults and children come here not only on Victory Day. Newlyweds, foreign delegations and the main persons of Russia lay flowers to the Eternal Flame, showing endless respect to nameless heroes.
Address: Alexander Garden
Triumphal Arch in Moscow
The Triumphal Arch is a monument to the heroes of the Patriotic War of 1812. It is located on Kutuzov Avenue and, together with the Kutuzovsky hut and the panorama museum Borodino Battle, forms a single memorial complex on Victory Square in the Poklonnaya Hill area.
The first stone Triumphal Arch, designed by the architect O. I. Bove, was opened in September 1834 at the Tverskaya Outpost. The arch stood for 102 years, but in 1936 it was dismantled during the redevelopment of the Belorussky railway station square. Disassembled arch lay in the storerooms of the museum of architecture for about 20 years. In 1966, it was restored in its original form and placed on Kutuzov Avenue. In 2012, a large-scale reconstruction of the monument was carried out, and now the Triumphal Arch meets the Muscovites and guests of the city in all its glory.
Arch pylons made of white stone complement six pairs of cast-iron columns of 12-meter height. Between the columns there are sculptures of warriors in antique armor. Above there are high reliefs, which depict scenes of victory of Russian soldiers over enemies, and statues of goddesses of Victory. The composition is crowned with a chariot drawn by six horses. The arch fits harmoniously into the urban landscape and at the same time effectively stands out from the surrounding buildings.
Address: Kutuzov Avenue
Monument to Marshal Zhukov in Moscow
The monument to Marshal of the USSR Georgy Zhukov was created for the anniversary date - the 50th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War. The author of the composition is Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Klykov, a sculptor, national artist and honored art worker of Russia. The sculpture is located on Manezh Square, next to the Historical Museum.
Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov was the famous Soviet commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union. Four times Hero of the Soviet Union, holder of two orders "Victory" and a number of other Soviet and foreign awards.
Marshal Zhukov is represented sitting on a horse, the hooves of which trample the standards of the defeated enemy. The total weight of the monument is 100 tons, the sculpture is cast from bronze, and the pedestal is made of granite. The marshal's right hand is slightly raised, as if in the next moment he will give honor to the heroes of the XVII century patriots.
Despite the criticism, including sculptors Zurab Tsereteli and Alexander Rukavishnikov, according to most historians, Vyacheslav Klykov managed to convey not only his appearance, but also the image and character of the great commander who brought Victory to his Motherland.
Originally it was planned to establish a monument on Red Square facing the St. Basil's Cathedral and the monument to Minin and Pozharsky. However, it was not possible to establish a monument to Zhukov on Red Square, since in 1990 the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, the rules of which prohibit changes in the architectural appearance of the places under its protection.
Address: Manezhnaya Square
Monument to Yuri Dolgoruky in Moscow
The year of the foundation of Moscow is 1147 (the first mention of the city in the annals), and its founder was the prince of Suzdal, Yuri Dolgoruky. Monument to the prince was installed during the government of Nikita Khrushchev, but with the greatest reverence in the prince’s person and his merits in Moscow began to relate only with the arrival of Mayor Yuri Luzhkov, in which the celebrations in honor of the founding of the Russian capital became annual.
For the first time the idea of the need to establish a monument to Yuri Dolgoruky arose in the late 40s. On the eve of the celebration of the 800th anniversary of the founding of Moscow in 1946, a competition was held, in which the project of sculptor Sergei Orlov, who also won the Stalin Prize, was recognized as the best. The foundation stone of the future monument was laid on the day of the celebration of the 800th anniversary, but the monument was erected in 1954. The work on the creation of the monument was delayed for several reasons: due to creative disagreements in the author’s group, authors frustration with the authorities and insufficient funding (after all, the monument to the prince was a lower priority building than, for example, “Stalin’s skyscrapers ”, which also began in the late 40s - early 50s).
No one knew about how Prince Yury Dolgoruky looked like, therefore on the Tverskaya Square on a horse sits an epic Russian knight in princely robes. The prince’s right hand seemed to indicate the place where the new fortress would be founded. Both the horse harness and the prince's armor were carried out in detail. The upper part of the stone pedestal was decorated with an ornament, in which Slavic and Byzantine motifs are traced.
Address: Tverskaya Square
Monument to A.S. Pushkin in Moscow
The monument to A.S. Pushkin was erected in Moscow on Pushkin Square in 1880 to the birthday of the poet. Pushkin's sculpture looks very natural: the right hand is laid over the side of his coat, the left one is laid back by a casual gesture, and he holds a hat. Slightly pushed forward, the left leg creates the illusion of slow movement, the poet is about to descend from the pedestal to us. His head is tilted; his sad, lively eyes look at us from time immemorial. Constant impression that Pushkin is in creative thinking: wrinkles appear on his forehead, his face is completely abstracted - thoughts about something of his own.
It is impossible to imagine a monument to Pushkin without the square surrounding him. On both sides of the monument there are elegant cast-iron lanterns of the time. This gives the whole flavor of the 19th century. Around the monument, like a laurel wreath around the poet's head, a chain in the form of laurel leaves, attached to bronze thumbs. From all sides, the area is surrounded by trees, bushes - all this creates a special world, a special atmosphere where our Pushkin still lives.
Times are passing, new generations are coming to replace the old ones, but Pushkin is remembered as something very close, intimate. In his honor, many famous monuments have been erected, each of which is unique, and you can tell and tell about each of them. But still the best of all the monuments is the one that no one can destroy. This monument lives in his poems, works, in our hearts.
Address: Pushkin Square
Monument to Yuri Gagarin in Moscow
A monument to Y. A. Gagarin by P. I. Bondarenko was established specifically for the 1980 Moscow Olympiad. The figure is 42.5 meters high and weighs 12 tons and is made of titanium, which was used in the construction of spacecraft. A ribbed pedestal imitates a pillar of flame escaping from the nozzle of a spacecraft departing flight. At the foot of the monument there is a copy of the descent module of the ship "Vostok", on which on April 12, 1961 Gagarin made the first flight into space in the history of mankind.
The monument was erected precisely on Leninsky Prospect because Gagarin drove into the city from the Vnukovo airport on this road after its first flight into space. In addition, Gagarin Square is one of the largest in Moscow, and according to the architect’s idea, a monument directed upwards should be visible even from the Moscow Ring Road.
Gagarin's sculpture became the first large-sized titanium monument in the world. It consists of 238 cast segments connected by bolts with welding. The most difficult thing was to make the face of an astronaut - the largest integral segment.
Gagarin Square got its name in 1968. Here on April 14, 1961, Muscovites met the world's first cosmonaut. From Gagarin Square there is a view of two unusual buildings that form the main entrance to the city, with 14-story towers decorated with sculptures and a colonnade.
Address: 39 Leninsky Prospect
Monument to Prince Vladimir in Moscow
On November 4, 2016, a solemn ceremony was held in Moscow on the occasion of the opening of the holy Equal-to-the-Apostles Prince Vladimir monument.
The monument can be called, in a full sense, popular; it was created at the expense of the Russian military-historical society and private donations. More than 100 million rubles were collected.
The monument to Vladimir is installed on Borovitsky hill, its height together with the pedestal is 17.5 meters. The sculpture is made of bronze, the pedestal is made of granite, and the authors of the project are the artist Salavat Shcherbakov and the sculptor Igor Voskresensky.
It should be noted that initially the public and experts had fears that the figure of Prince Vladimir would become similar to Peter the Great, performed by Tsereteli, on the Krymskaya Embankment. It is possible that it was precisely because of these doubts that the previously planned height of 24 meters was significantly reduced.
According to most historians and ordinary citizens, the monument to Vladimir was a success. When it was created, the authors did not want the monument to resemble an icon and therefore the bronze prince created by them was not only a saint, but also a warrior and a politician. This is a calm and strong, courageous and confident ruler and warrior.
Three bas-reliefs tell us about the life and deeds of the prince. These are real sculptural paintings. The first of them glorifies Prince Vladimir as the ruler and builder of Russian cities. On the second bas-relief we see the baptism of Vladimir, and the third shows the baptism of Russia.
Address: Borovitskaya Sq.
Monument to Bulat Okudzhava in Moscow
In 2002, fans of Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava had their own meeting place in one of the Arbat lanes. A monument to the work of sculptor Georgi Frangulian was officially unveiled on May 9 to the birthday of the poet in Plotnikov Lane, next to House 43 on Arbat, where the founder of the song was born and grew up.
The decree on perpetuating the memory of the poet was signed almost immediately after his death in 1997, the competition for the project of the monument was held by the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation, at the same time a place was determined in Plotnikov Lane.
Georgy Frangulyan decided to move the Arbat court yard into the space of the alley, not to be limited to one figure, but to create a whole complex or square, a yard with a table and benches from which the poet exits. To capture what was close in spirit to Bulat Okudzhava, about which he wrote in his poems and songs, calling himself "Arbat emigrant." At the same time, it is a monument to the Arbat culture itself, its intelligentsia, and destroyed Arbat courtyards.
The poet is depicted as a 40-year-old, full of strength: “He is in his best form. He is already Bulat, and he is strong and there is still a lot ahead,” said Georgy Frangulyan at the opening of the monument. On the arch behind Bulat Okudzhava, like courtyard graffiti, the words from his poems.
The whole composition is raised on a small step, a low pedestal is paved, a long shadow falls from the poet’s two-meter figure, Okudzhava seems to come out towards the light. The common space of the monument includes lawn sections and even trees; the absence of a fence makes it inseparable from the street.
Address: Plotnikov Lane, 43
Monument to Peter I in Moscow
One of the greatest works of art in the whole world is the magnificent creation of Tsereteli - a monument to Peter the Great, located in the capital of Russia, on the Moscow River. Established in the late nineties, for almost two decades, an impressive monument became native to Muscovites.
The cult sculpture of the Russian emperor rises above the ground at 98 meters and is considered to be the highest in the country. The monument is installed on a specially equipped platform on the Moscow River and represents the figure of Peter the Great, standing firmly on the deck of the ship. In turn, the ship relies on a pedestal of several smaller frigates. Fountains are beating around the dais.
Due to the huge size of the monument, its installation took place in parts. First, a reinforced concrete foundation was built; a strong platform was erected on it, which is the basis of the whole structure. The pedestal, the ship, the figure of the emperor, as well as the mast and sails with movable cables made of metal cables were placed on the pedestal.
The skeleton of the structure is very durable, since it consists entirely of stainless steel. The lining is made of bronze and mounted on a steel frame. Each bronze part of the monument is carefully treated with special means and varnished to protect the surface of the sculpture from adverse weather phenomena.
Address: Crimean emb.
Monument to Yuri Nikulin in Moscow
Yuri Nikulin is a clown of all-Union and world scale, a front-line soldier, a remarkable actor and an outstanding person, who for many generations became not just an idol, but light in the darkness of everyday difficulties and life tests.
On September 3, 2000, a monument was unveiled on Tsvetnoy Boulevard in front of the Moscow Nikulin Circus, in which the image of a kind and sympathetic person, capable of making anyone laugh even the most serious spectator, was immortalized.
The monument was designed by the famous sculptor A. Rukavishnikov, who while working on his idea studied many photographs devoted to the work of Nikulin. The monument is a statue of a great clown in his unforgettable circus costume, holding his foot on the footboard of a convertible known to the viewer in Leonid Gaidai’s most popular film, The Prisoner of the Caucasus. The license plate of the car has the inscription "Yuri Nikulin".
The production of the monument to Nikulin was led by a circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard, which is grateful for its existence to Yury Vladimirovich, who passed in search of funds for its major reconstruction for more than one kilometer of official corridors. A bronze statue of a clown was cast in Italy, and a car in Minsk, the total weight of the composition was 3.5 tons.
For Muscovites, the monument to Nikulin has become a kind of talisman for good luck, and passers-by in search of good fortune rub various places of the clown statue, especially his nose, in creative life, which has become an indispensable element of the image.
Address: Tsvetnoy Boulevard, 13
Monument to Vladimir Mayakovsky in Moscow
The monument to the greatest Soviet poet of the twentieth century, Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky, was installed on Mayakovsky Square (until 1992, the former name until 1935 - the Square of the Old Triumphal Gate), which is now called the Triumphal Square.
The creator of the monument is a sculptor Alexander Kibalnikov. For his work, he was awarded the Lenin Prize. Kibalnikov worked on the monument for six years, starting in 1952. July 28, 1958 the grand opening of the monument. The opening was attended by representatives of the public, writers, and artists. Many of those present rose to the stage and delivered solemn speeches.
The monument itself is a huge in size statue of the poet, which is installed on a low pedestal. Mayakovsky is holding a notebook in his hands and it looks as if he is about to begin to read his poems with his lively and loud voice.
The sculptor was able to accurately reflect in the monument all the importance of the writer's creativity, as well as the qualities of his character: Mayakovsky’s heroism and patriotism in his poems.
Also on the pedestal there are the lines of the poet:
And I, // like the spring of humanity, // born // in labor and in battle, // sing // my fatherland, // my republic!
The monument to this day continues to decorate and at the same time personify Moscow.
Address: 1st Tverskaya-Yamskaya Str., 2
Monument to Pushkin and Goncharova in Moscow
The monument was erected in front of the museum “Memorial apartment of A.S. Pushkin” on the Old Arbat. In 1831, Alexander Sergeevich and his young wife Natasha spent here the happiest days of their lives - the honeymoon.
They lived in this “nest” for only about three months, which was enough for descendants who honored Pushkin’s talent as the greatest heritage of Russian culture to make this building a permanent place of their “pilgrimage”. The monument was installed only in 1999, on the day of the 155th anniversary of the wedding of the great Russian poet. The authors of the bronze group on the pedestal of marble were the brothers-sculptors Ivan and Alexander Burganov, as well as architects A. Kuzmina and E. Rozanova.
The monument to Pushkin and Goncharova on the Old Arbat depicts newlyweds leaving the Church of the Ascension of the Lord after the wedding ceremony. The faces of the young are serious and inspired by love, their hands gently touch, and their eyes are fixed away. The sculptures showed a loving couple in natural height, and it is noticeable that Goncharova is slightly taller than her husband. True, the authors have a little embellished reality. In fact, Alexander Sergeevich was lower than his wife, slightly more significant - by 9 centimeters.
But the figure of Natasha is depicted with maximum accuracy. This slender girl, who is 13 years younger than her groom, one of the most charming young aristocrats of Russia, not offended by the attention of many worthy men, is also in love with this nondescript-looking, very poor and disapproved by tsars’ poet. It's no secret that this marriage was fatal for Alexander Pushkin.
Address: st. Arbat, 46, b. 6
Monument to Alexander II in Moscow
The monument to Alexander II in Moscow was opened in 2005 in the square between Volkhonka Street, All-Saints Passage and Prechistenskaya Embankment near to the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. It was created at the initiative of the public with the direct participation of the Government of Moscow. The authors of the monument are sculptor Alexander Rukavishnikov, architect Igor Voskresensky and artist Sergey Sharov.
In the Moscow City Duma, the Commission on Monumental Art it was discussed several times where in the city a monument was to be erected. Initially it was planned to do this in the Alexander Garden, but it was impossible to install a sculpture more than six meters high on the territory of the Moscow Kremlin and in its environs. Then it was decided to install a monument where it is now.
The grand opening took place on June 7, 2005. The monument was consecrated by Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II. The ceremony was attended by the Minister of Culture of Russia Alexander Sokolov, Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov, Metropolitan of Kaluga and Borovsky Clement, Head of the Moscow Patriarchate, Metropolitan Theodosius of Omsk and Tara, Archbishop Arseny of Istra, Bishop Alexander of Dmitrov, as well as government, political and public figures, representatives of the creative intellectuals.
Alexander II is depicted in full growth in uniform and with the royal mantle. The Tsar Liberator looks at the Cathedral of Christ the Savior from the direction of All Saints' passage. The bronze figure of the emperor with a height of over six meters and a weight of seven tons is set on a three-meter marble pedestal, which lists his services to Russia.
Address: st. Volkhonka, 13
Monument to Alexander I in Moscow
The monument to Emperor Alexander I is a bronze sculpture in the center of Moscow in memory of the Emperor All-Russian Alexander I by the work of the People’s Artist of the Russian Federation, the sculptor Salavat Shcherbakov and the Honored Architect of the Russian Federation Igor Voskresensky. It was opened on November 20, 2014 in the Alexander Garden, near the Borovitsky Gate. This is the first monument to Alexander I in Moscow.
The monument is a sculpture of Alexander I in full uniform, standing on a pedestal. The emperor holds a sword in his hands, an enemy weapon lies under his feet, and a raincoat is thrown over his shoulders. Bronze bas-reliefs with images of the Battle of Borodino, other battles and commanders of the Patriotic War of 1812, as well as Alexander, Seraphim of Sarov and two temples - the Cathedral of Christ the Savior and the Kazan Cathedral, are installed opposite the monument.
The project of the monument was determined by the results of the competition, in which 8 sculptors participated, including Zurab Tsereteli. Contestants presented several options. In August 2014, the finalists of the competition were determined. The final project of the monument was chosen from the works of Salavat Shcherbakov, Andrei Kovalchuk and Alexander Rukavishnikov through closed voting.
Address: Manezhnaya st.
Monument to Esenin in Moscow
There are several monuments to Sergei Esenin in Moscow, and one of them is located on Tverskoy Boulevard. At the time of Esenin on Tverskoy Boulevard there was a cafe, which was a permanent gathering place for poets and their admirers. It is this fact that became the basis for choosing the place of installation of the monument.
This monument to Esenin appeared in Moscow in 1995 thanks to the work of architect A. Bichukov. The monument to the poet is located on a classic round pedestal. Sergey Esenin is represented at full height with a focused look into the distance. The characteristic moment is successfully transmitted by Bichukov, Esenin's typical ruffled and overall decisive appearance, his openness.
Address: 19 Tverskoy Boulevard
Monument to the victims of the terrorist attack in Beslan in Moscow
The monument in memory of the victims of the tragedy in Beslan on Solyanka Street reminds Muscovites and guests of the city about the terrible tragedy in the Ossetian city of Beslan, where on September 1, 2004, 1128 people were taken hostage by terrorists in an ordinary school, of which 331 were killed in the assault and liberation of school, including 186 children.
In 2010, a monument to the victims of Beslan by Zurab Tsereteli was erected at the entrance to the church. The height of the bronze monument is 5 meters. “The monument symbolizes the souls of children who died in Beslan, who are carried away by angels to heaven. There are abandoned toys around the monument: tricycle, Pinocchio, train, teddy bear. And the souls of the children fly to heaven,” Tsereteli said. On the pedestal there is a memorial plaque with the inscription: “In memory of the victims of the tragedy in Beslan. North Ossetia, Beslan, School 1. 1-3 September 2004. 1127 hostages, 334 dead, 186 of them are children. Author Z.K.Tsereteli.
A proposal to install this monument in Moscow was made by the leadership of North Ossetia; the initiative was supported by the Moscow government. The competition for the project of the monument was held by the Moscow Committee of Architecture together with the Department of Culture of Moscow, the Russian Academy of Arts, the Moscow Union of Artists and the Union of Moscow Architects with the direct participation of the permanent representative office of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania under the President of the Russian Federation. According to the results of the open competition, preference was given to the sculptural composition of Zurab Tsereteli.
Address: Solyanka, 5 / 2s4
Monument to Evgeny Leonov in Moscow
The monument to the remarkable actor Yevgeny Leonov, unfortunately, has become the object of attention of intruders. In October 2015, the monument was stolen from its place on Mosfilmovskaya Street and then found sawn into parts at the non-ferrous metal scrap collection point. The criminals were found, but the Moscow Avenue of Stars lost one of their, perhaps, the best sights.
Theater and film actor Yevgeny Leonov is known for many of his works - among them there is the role in the large-scale film about the life of working youth “Big Change”, and the image of the unfortunate trainer in The Striped Flight, and even the voice of Winnie the Pooh in the cartoon of Fyodor Khitruk. However, to create a monument, the sculptor Yekaterina Chernyshova chose a no less vivid image - the role of the Associate Professor from the comedy “Gentlemen of Fortune”, filmed according to the script of George Danelia and Victoria Tokareva.
The Bronze Associate Professor repeated the famous Leonov gesture from the scene in the prison cell, where the kind and gentle kindergarten director needed to present himself before the local “public” as a ruthless criminal “authority”. The monument was installed in 2001, thirty years after the filming of the film and its release on the screens.
On September 10, 2016 at the same place the opening of the new monument took place. The second monument is an exact copy of the previous one, reproduced from the plaster original preserved by the sculptor. The new monument received minor improvements, the hero received a kinder face and a smile was corrected.
Address: Mosfilmovskaya Street
Sculpture Give way to ducklings in Moscow
One of the most interesting and original monuments of Moscow is located near the pond near the Novodevichy Convent. Bronze sculptures of duck-mother and eight ducklings “walk” along the pavement. The monument appeared here in 1991 and it is dedicated to the heroes of the fairy tale of the same name by the writer Robert Maclossky.
In the story of this tale, one duck, along with her ducklings, lived on the shore of the reservoir in Boston. But once a pond and their nest were divided by a high-speed highway. A policeman, Michael, came to the aid of the birds and stopped the traffic every time the duck led its young to the pond.
Exactly the same monument, since 1978, adorns one of the parks in the city of Boston. At the beginning of the 90s, Mikhail Gorbachev and his wife arrived in the United States with a friendly visit. Walking through the Boston Park, the couple of statesmen liked the monument “Ducklings” very much. And a few years later, Barbara Bush, the wife of the American president, brought to Moscow, as a gift, an exact copy of the Boston monument, which was decided to be installed in the Novodevichy Ponds Park.
Thus, the monument from the children's fairy tale “Give way to ducklings!” became a kind of symbol of reconciliation and friendship between the two largest states.
Address: Novodevichy Ponds Park
Statue of Griboyedov in Moscow
The monument to the poet and playwright Alexander Sergeyevich Griboyedov appeared in Moscow in the year of the 130th anniversary of his tragic death in Persia. On January 30, 1829, thousands of rebellious Persians killed all those who were in the embassy. Griboyedov’s body was so disfigured that it was only identified by the trail on his left hand, obtained during a duel with Yakubovich in 1818.
The monument was erected on Chistoprudny Boulevard, although the house where Alexander Sergeevich was born, is actually more of a replica than the original (restoration in the 1970s, the fire that destroyed the upper floor belongs to the same time) is on Novinsky Boulevard. Economist B.L. Marcus recalled: “Somewhere in the mid-thirties, a huge granite boulder was installed on the boulevard opposite the “House of Griboyedov”. To me, boy, it seemed very big then. Unhewn, rough, with a wide base and tapering upwards. On the front side of this boulder, just above the middle one, the strip was uneven around the edges, into which the signature-autograph of Griboedov was inscribed in deeply embedded letters. And nothing else. It does not look like a monument, but I have already heard that they put a stone on this place, because it is here that a real monument with the figure of Griboedov himself will be built over time. ” However, later, the monument, as is known, was not put on Novinsky Boulevard at all.
The monument on the boulevard is a figure of Griboyedov, mounted on a pedestal-column, so that the image of the playwright looks very majestic and ceremonial. At the bottom of the pedestal, the authors placed the heroes not just of the most famous play of the writer “Woe from Wit”, but the one by which Griboyedov is often called the “writer of one book”. Pyotr Chaadayev wrote about the play that “never a single nation was so scourged; never a single country was dragged in the mud like that, never threw so much fierce abuse into the public’s face, and, however, never achieved more complete success. The play was literally dismantled for quotes and so far any educated person will easily continue the phrases “all lie ...”, “pass us through all our sorrows and ...”, “what kind of commission, Creator ...” and “happy hours ...”
Address: Chistoprudniy Blvd., 2
Monument to the Likhud brothers in Moscow
In 2007, on May 31 in Moscow, in Bogoyavlensky Lane in front of the altar of the Epiphany Monastery, a bronze monument was erected in honor of the brothers Ioannikiy and Sophroniy.
The Likhud brothers are from the Greek island of Cephalonia, descendants of a Byzantine princely family of royal blood. They were Orthodox monks, graduated from Padua University, where they received doctoral degrees. The brothers Ioannikiy and Sofroniy are the first teachers of the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy - the first officially approved higher education institution in the Russian state.
The Likhuds arrived in Moscow on March 6, 1685, and in the same year began to teach at the Epiphany Monastery, where, under their leadership, 6 students were originally trained. In 1687, the school of brothers was transferred to the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy. Initially, 30 people were trained at the academy, later, their number increased and by Christmas 1687 there were 76 students, and by Easter 1688 - 64 people. Rhetoric, dialectics, logic, physics were taught in Greek and Slavic languages; Grammar and poetics - only in Greek. Also, typography was taught. Many prominent figures of Russia studied in the Academy: M.V. Lomonosov, L.F. Magnitsky, V.K. Trediakovsky, D.N. Bantysh-Kamensky, D.I. Vinogradov and others.
In 1694, the Likhuds were barred from teaching at the academy because of accusations of heresy and evicted to the Moscow printing house. Since 1697, the brothers, at the behest of Peter I, began to teach the Italian language. In 1698, again on a false accusation of the spread of Catholicism, they were removed to the Novospassky Monastery, then, in 1704, to the Kostroma Ipatiev Monastery. After long years of wandering, the brothers begin the accomplishment of the Slavic-Greek-Latin school in Novgorod, the number of students in which reached 153 people.
The Likhud brothers made an enormous contribution to the cause of Russian spiritual enlightenment. Their activities greatly influenced the development of education, because they compiled textbooks on grammar, poetry, rhetoric, logic, physics, theology, wrote literary works, translations, and preaching works, revised and corrected the Slavic text of the Old Testament. Ioannikiy and Sofroniy Likhuds became teachers of many of the first Russian scientists who in the future became heads and professors of the academy, such as: Fedor Polikarpov, Nikolai Semenov, Alexey Barsov, monks - Kosma, Theologian, Job, Palladium Rogov, doctor Postnikov, and from later Fedor Maximov.
Address: Bogoyavlensky Lane., 6
- Monument Farewell of Slavianka in Moscow
In 1912 the trumpeter of the cavalry regiment Vasily Agapkin wrote the music of the march “Farewell of Slavianka”, and a hundred years later a monument was erected to this work, installed near the Belorussky railway station.
The monument was opened on the eve of the Victory Day celebration in May 2014. The initiative to create it belonged to the Russian Military Historical Society and the Russian Railways JSC. The two-meter bronze monument was made by the project of sculptors Sergey Shcherbakov and Vyacheslav Molokostov, architect Vasily Danilov and People's Artist of the Russian Federation Salavat Shcherbakov.
The basis of the sculptural composition was the frame of wires of volunteers to the front from the famous film “The Cranes Are Flying” by director Mikhail Kalatozov. The place near the Belorussky railway station was chosen for the reason that trains in the direction of the front left here during the Great Patriotic War. By the way, the monument “Farewell of Slavianka” is not the only attraction associated with the Great Patriotic War, at the Belorussky railway station. Here you can also see a portrait of Marshal of Victory Georgy Zhukov and a memorial plaque in honor of the first performance of the song “Holy War” in June 1941.
However, in the monument “Farewell of Slavyanka” there is a memory not only of the Great Patriotic War, but also of the First World War. The composition includes a shield with the date "1914", fragments of weapons from the times of the First World War. The bronze soldier, with whom the girl says goodbye, is also dressed in a 1914 model uniform. And the “Farewell of Slavyanka” march itself gained its first fame and first words during the First World War.
The monument “Farewell of Slavyanka” is dedicated to women who have ever escorted their relatives and friends to the war.
Address: pl. Tverskaya Zastava, 7
Monument to Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko in Moscow
The monument to Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko was opened in Kamergersky Lane on September 3, 2014; the sculpture is located near the building of the Moscow Chekhov Art Theater.
Konstantin Stanislavsky (1863-1938) and Vladimir Nemirovich Danchenko (1858-1943) were Russian and Soviet theater directors and teachers, theater reformers. Being an actor himself, Stanislavsky developed the famous acting system ("Stanislavsky system"), which has been very popular in Russia and foreign countries for more than 100 years. Nemirovich-Danchenko became famous as a talented playwright and writer. Having formulated an innovative theater program, Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko jointly founded the Moscow Art Theater.
The sculptural composition includes bronze figures of directors dressed in authentic clothes of the early 20th century. The statues show portrait resemblance to the original; the bronze Stanislavsky's hand rests on a stylized antique altar, on the back of which there are theatrical masks and written the beginning of the monologue of Nina Zarechnaya translated into Latin: "People, lions, eagles and partridges, horned deer, geese, spiders, silent fish ..." from Anton's play Chekhov's "The Seagull". The sculpture is set on a high pedestal of gray Finnish granite, its total height is 5.2 meters (the height of the figures is 2.9 and 2.6 meters).
Author of the monument is sculptor and architect Alexei Morozov. Work on the monument was carried out in Italy for about 2 years: bronze figures were cast in the city of Pietrasanta (Massimo Del Chiaro's foundry); a granite pedestal was made in Verona.
Address: Kamergersky per., 1
- Monument to Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson in Moscow
It was established in 2007 in Moscow near the British Embassy in honor of the 120th anniversary of the publication of the first novel about the London detective by Arthur Conan Doyle.
Five Soviet films directed by Igor Maslennikov about Sherlock Holmes, shot in 1979-1986, earned love and recognition not only in Russia, but also in England itself. In 2006, Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain ordered Vasily Livanov to be awarded the title of holder of the Order of the British Empire for "the most credible Holmes in world cinema."
There are many monuments to Sherlock Holmes - in Switzerland, Japan, Scotland and, of course, Baker Street in London. Memorial plates are marked by sign places associated with Watson, for example, in Afghanistan, where a fictional hero was wounded in the arm. Plaques hang in the Criterion Bar on Piccadilly, in the chemical laboratory of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, where the characters first met, in the vicinity of the Swiss Falls in Reichenbach.
In Russia, the famous couple of Conan Doyle characters has always been the personification of impeccable, exemplary English style. Their main features - a bright mind, elegant humor, self-irony, aristocracy, incorruptibility, ideal style - evolved into a reference image of a British gentleman. Historically, the Russian-British friendship was best formed precisely because of mutual cultural interest, and the monument to Watson and Holmes at the British Embassy in Moscow is a symbol of dialogue between the two countries.
Address: Smolenskaya emb., 10
- Monument to Maya Plisetskaya in Moscow
In Moscow, on the Bolshaya Dmitrovka street on Friday, November 20, they solemnly assigned the name of a new square, which appeared here after the reconstruction of the street. The green zone received the name of Maya Plisetskaya for the 90th anniversary of the eminent dancer, who did not live to see this date in just half a year.
As the head of the Moscow culture department, Alexander Kibovsky, told the crowd, Plisetskaya loved this green corner during her lifetime. Opposite of it is a house decorated with graffiti with a portrait of a ballerina, and on the occasion of her anniversary, a bronze memorial plate was added to the facade of the building. The official promised that there would be even more ballet themes in the park and its environs - specific options have already been proposed: to decorate another house next door to Plisetskaya, to install a monument to the great ballerina and Russian ballet in the green zone.
The deputy mayor of the capital, Leonid Pechatnikov, expressed regret that the anniversary of Maya Mikhailovna’s fans would have to meet her talent without her, and recalled that Plisetskaya had time to take an active part in organizing celebrations on this occasion. In particular, the ballerina herself compiled a program of “memory evenings,” which will take place on the stage of the Bolshoi Theater before the end of the month.
Maya Plisetskaya died on May 2, 2015, while in Europe. The length of her professional biography was about 60 years, and most of them a great dancer was an employee of the Bolshoi Theater in the capital.
Address: st. Bolshaya Dmitrovka, 14
- Monument to Karl Marx in Moscow
The monument to Karl Marx on Teatralnaya Square is a gigantic granite monument, erected in 1961 opposite the Bolshoi Theater and, oddly enough, one of the most significant sights of Moscow. Despite the change of the ideological course, granite Marx still does not lose its relevance, remaining a remarkable point for tourists on the map of the city.
Karl Heinrich Marx (1818 - 1883) - the famous German philosopher, sociologist, economist and social activist who made a significant contribution to the world economic science. Author of the fundamental work “Capital”. Criticism of Political Economy" and - in collaboration with his friend and like-minded Friedrich Engels - "The Manifesto of the Communist Party", which formed the basis of the ideology of the emerging communist parties and organizations in Europe.
The monument to Karl Marx is carved out of a huge monolithic block of gray granite (the weight of the sculpture is 160 tons): a bearded thinker in an unbuttoned coat is depicted behind the podium, as if addressing an audience. At the same time, sharpened to the boulder in a boulder, he seems to be tearing down a stone in a decisive impulse; his right hand is clenched into a fist, his left is squeezing a book. On the front part of the monument, the slogan “Workers of all countries, unite!” is carved; on the side is the signature “Karl Marx from the Communist Party and the Peoples of the Soviet Union”.
On both sides of the sculpture there are granite pylons with images of sickle and hammer, one of which contains the words of Engels "His name and will survive the century", on the other - Lenin's phrase "The teachings of Marx is omnipotent because it is true."
Address: Theater Prospect, 1/4
Fountain-monument Princess Turandot in Moscow
Opposite the Vakhtangov Theater in Moscow, there is the Princess Turandot fountain, which corresponds to the atmosphere prevailing on the Old Arbat.
This fountain-monument was built in the late 1990s by sculptor Alexander Burganov and installed near the Theater named after Vakhtangov in commemoration of seventy-five years since the first production of the famous fairy tale play by the Italian playwright Princess Turandot. The image of the wayward princess acts as a symbol of the Moscow Theater, and thanks to the original stage decision, the performance is perceived in a completely new way. As you know, “Princess Turandot” was staged in 1922, when the artistic director of the theater Evgeny Bagrationovich Vakhtangov was already seriously ill.
In the central part of the oval bowl the throne is placed, on which the glittering gilded Princess Turandot sits. The monument is surrounded by a stone bench, on which many strollers along the Arbat like to rest. A few years ago, vandals, apparently deceived by the gold-plated metal from which the statue was made, sawed off the princess’s hand, but soon it was fully restored.
Address: st. Arbat, 26
Monument to Ho Chi Minh in Moscow
In 1985, a monument to Ho Chi Minh was solemnly erected in Moscow. The monument was erected at the intersection of Dmitry Ulyanov and Profsoyuznaya streets. The place was not chosen by chance, since the Cheryomushki district has always been considered international.
Apparently then the prices for the works were not secret and after the public learned that 1 060 090 rubles were allocated for the creation and construction of the monument (by the time of 1976) and it was possible to build a house with 150 apartments with this money. There were protests and statements, but officials just threw up their hands that the builders had already been given money for upgrading the public garden.
With the monument of Ho Chi Minh there were a lot troubles. First of all, the exact date is unknown, some insist that in 1985, others that in 1990. The next problem is that Ho Chi Minh mentioned in each of his testaments that he doesn’t want anyone to ever erect a monument to him. But the Soviet government regarded it differently, they say, since they have a monument to Lenin, then we should have a monument to their leader.
Ho Chi Minh Monument is a rising from the knees of the Vietnamese in front of the image of Ho Chi Minh. In the people it is called the monument to the flying saucer.
On the bronze base there is an inscription “There is nothing more precious than independence and freedom. Ho Chi Minh”. And in the alternative to the monument in his honor, Ho Chi Minh said that he would be much nicer if they built some large gazebo in which people could just sit and relax.
Address: pr. 60th anniversary of October, 31/18, building 1
Monument: Children are victims of adult vices in Moscow
Monument of Mikhail Shemyakin "Children are victims of adult vices" is installed on Bolotnaya Square on September 2, 2001. The project of installation of the sculptural composition was made by architects Vyacheslav Bukhayev and Andrey Efimov.
The sculptural composition includes: figures of children - a boy and a girl, who froze in motion with a blindfold, at their feet there are books: “Folk Russian fairy tales” and A.S. Pushkin "Tales", in a semicircle there are figures that personify the vices or evils of the modern world - drug addiction, prostitution, theft, alcoholism, ignorance, pseudoscience, indifference, propaganda of violence, sadism, an instrument of torture with a signature "for the mindless ...", exploitation of child labor, poverty and war.
Here is what Mikhail Shemyakin himself said about the history of the creation of the monument:
"It turned out such a symbolic composition, where, let's say, depravity vices depicts a frog in a dress, lack of education - a donkey dancing with a rattle. And so on. The only vice that I had to re-clothe in a symbolic form was drug addiction. Because "The blessed time" never did the children suffer from this vice. This vice, in the form of a terrible angel of death, stretching a vial of heroin, arose in this terrible assembly of vices. "
Address: Bolotnaya Sq., 10
Inspiration Fountain in Moscow
On April 28, 2006, the solemn opening ceremony of the Inspiration Fountain, also known as the Fountain of Arts, took place in Lavrushinsky Lane in Moscow. The launch was timed to the celebration of the 150th anniversary of the Tretyakov Gallery, which served as an idea for another name, the Tretyakov Gallery, which was given to the fountain by Muscovites.
According to the conviction of the sculptor A. Rukavishnikov, there is no mystery in his creation, the purpose of the fountain is an opportunity to take a break from the hustle and bustle of the city, receiving peace and inspiration, both to creative people and residents and guests of the city.
The Inspiration Fountain has a square pedestal, in the center of which there is a bowl with a blue tree growing out of it, surrounded by three paintings. In the depicted canvases, it is easy to guess the plots of famous works of art by artists V. Vasnetsov, A. Kuindzhi and I. Mashkov, the originals of which are stored in the State Tretyakov Gallery. At night, the fountain is illuminated with multicolored lights, creating an enchanting sight from the falling water.
Address: Bolshoy Tolmachevsky lane, 3с4
Monument to Sergey Obraztsov in Moscow
The monument was erected in memory of Sergei Vladimirovich Obraztsov (1901 - 1992) - the famous Russian actor, director and creator of the world's largest puppet theater. The monument is located next to the building of the State Academic Central Puppet Theater named after S. Obraztsov on the Garden Ring, at ul. Sadovaya-Samotechnaya, 3.
The monument was created in 2001, to the 100th anniversary of the birth of S.V. Obraztsov. The basis of the monument was taken porcelain figurine depicting a young, forty year old Master, with one of the most beloved heroines - Carmen doll. This work of the famous sculptor Ilya Slonim, created in the early 1950s, very much liked Obraztsov himself.
Address: st. Sadovaya-Samotechnaya, 3
Monument to the heroes of the film Officers in Moscow
Another of the many new monuments that have recently emerged in Moscow is a monument to the heroes of the film “Officers.” It was put on December 9, 2013 on the Frunze Embankment. It is no coincidence that you can find it here: after all, not far from the monument there is the building of the Ministry of Defense of Russia.
The film “Officers” was shot quite a long time ago - in 1971. Its popularity was extremely high, as it gathered 53.4 million viewers at the box office. The story in the film is about the events of 1920-1960, and the place of action was chosen the USSR. The focus is on officer families, whose friendship passes the test of time and distance — this is what forces the service, on whose affairs they find themselves in different parts of the country and even beyond its borders. Soviet audience fell in love with the film and, of course, was taken away for quotes, the most famous of which was the phrase "There is such a profession - to defend the Motherland" ("Protect the homeland. There is such a profession, platoon").
The monument, installed on the Frunzenskaya Embankment, is a meeting after a long separation: there are already familiar combat comrades. The monument was opened by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, and Vasily Lanovoy and Alina Pokrovskaya were also present - the same actors who were in the film. Of course, they took a photo for memory near their characters. In addition to the two main characters, they made another spouse and grandson.
The monument itself was made at the studio of military artists named after Grekov, and the opening was timed to the Day of the Heroes of the Fatherland, and the sculptural composition depicts the final scene of the Officers. On the bench near the two heroes, you can sit down and take pictures, and the hands of the crouching heroine are never empty - you can often find red carnations in them.
Address: 22 Frunzenskaya Emb.
Monument to Moidodyr in Moscow
A monument to the famous Moidodyr was opened in the Sokolniki metropolitan park. Near the mini-zoo and a children's town on the Sandy Alley there is a “washbasin chief”. The author of the monument is a Petersburg sculptor Marcel Korober.
Moydodyr's nose, which is a scarlet tap, differs in color from the sculpture itself. The thing is that all small neat men strive to touch their favorite hero by the nose; this is considered a good sign.
Bronze Moidodyr came out, though strict, but not at all evil - his eyebrow brushes frown, but a good smile froze on his lips.
Address: Pesochnaya Alley, 3 Building 2
- Repin Monument in Moscow
The monument to Ilya Efimovich Repin, opened in 1958, was installed in the center of Moscow, not far from the treasury of painting - the Tretyakov Gallery, on Bolotnaya Square, which previously bore the name of this outstanding Russian artist.
The artist's canvases are valued all over the world, and in Russia every schoolboy is familiar with his work.
The Repin Monument was created from bronze by the sculptor Matthew Genrichovius Manizer and is located on a high granite pedestal in a picturesque public garden. It is a figure of the artist, captured in a creative setting: with an inspirational look, a brush and a palette in his hands, he seems to see a new image that is ready to capture on an empty canvas.
Address: Bolotnaya Square 18
Monument to Nansen Fridtjof in Moscow
The monument to Fridtjof Nansen - a Norwegian traveler, oceanographer, public figure, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for 1922 - is located in Bolshoy Levshinsky Lane opposite the Russian International Red Cross building.
The monument depicts Nansen and the girl standing next to him, exhausted and holding bread in her hands.
The choice of location of the sculpture composition, its embodiments are not accidental. Nansen was not only a great traveler who went through the entire plateau of Greenland on skis, which helped to learn more about the locals, make new anthropological discoveries, replenish scientific information about physical geography, made a trip to the North Pole, which contributed to the birth of oceanography, helped make many discoveries in this area and disprove the myths about the North Pole that existed at that time. In addition to these travels, adventures that show intelligence, fortitude, research talents, Nansen was also a public figure who acted in this field with no less enthusiasm and benefit. So, at the end of the First World War, he was the representative of Norway to the USA, in 1920–1922, the High Commissioner of the League of Nations for the repatriation of prisoners of war from Russia. In 1921, on the instructions of the International Red Cross, he created the Committee "Help for Nansen" to rescue the starving Volga region. He helped post-revolutionary Russia to establish relations with Europe. In 1922 he became High Commissioner for Refugees and established the Nansen Passport Bureau, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, and in 1938 the Nansen International Refugee Agency in Geneva, founded in 1931, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
Address: Bolshoy Levshinsky Lane
Monument to I. A. Krylov in Moscow
The picturesque place Patriarshie Ponds is notable for its beautiful architecture; there are many monuments and sculptural compositions. A monument to the fabulist Ivan Andreevich Krylov is erected in the square on Malaya Bronnaya Street.
The creators of the monument are the sculptors A.A. Drevin, D.Y. Mitlyansky and architect A.G. Chaltykyan. An unusual ensemble appeared in the square on September 17, 1976. On a low but wide pedestal there is a bench with a memorial inscription, on which a fabulist sits. The external similarity of the figure of the poet is striking; the authors of the pedestal were able to accurately convey its image. A little confused by the appearance of Krylov, many contemporaries say that he gave little value to clothes, he was more interested in inner harmony.
Along the avenue, there are compositions of four opened books, on the pages of which there are images of the characters of his fables, 12 especially popular characters. This and the Pug with an elephant, frivolous crow with cheese, musical quartet, wolf with lamb and others.
The monument is surrounded by benches where you can sit down to relax or admire sculptures and views of the pond.
Address: st. Small Bronnaya, 34
Monument to S. Rakhmaninov in Moscow
The sculptural composition dedicated to the greatest composer S. Rakhmaninov appeared in Moscow towards the end of the autumn of 1999. A monument was erected in a beautiful and picturesque place in the middle of Strastnoy Boulevard, opposite one of the historical buildings. By the way, the sculpture was placed here not by chance. After all, Sergey Vasilyevich lived for 12 years (1905-1917) in the house at number 5, where today you can see the corresponding memorial tablet.
Such well-known sculptors as A. Kovalchuk and O. Komov became the creators of this magnificent monument. Also a great help in the development of the sculpture project was provided by the architect Y. Grigoriev.
The result of their teamwork exceeded all expectations. The bronze figure of one of the most talented pianists towers on a pedestal of polished granite slabs. The maestro, dressed in a strict concert costume with a bow tie, proudly sits on a chair. The whole image of Rachmaninoff is as if saturated with some kind of internal tension. In a word, looking at the sculpture, it immediately gives the impression that the musician is present at the premiere of his new work!
Separately, about portrait similarity. It is simply amazing. And how the details are worked out! One glance at the spiritualized face and long, thin fingers is enough to understand what kind of profession the hero of the monument chose for himself.
Address: Strastnoy Blvd.
Monument to Sergei Mikhalkov in Moscow
On May 28, 2014, the ceremonial opening of the monument to the famous figure of Russian and Soviet literature, children's writer, public figure Sergei Mikhalkov took place.
The creator of the monument is the famous Russian sculptor A. Rukavishnikov, who has created a whole series of Moscow monuments in his creative history. The sculptural composition depicts Sergei Mikhalkov at that moment when, immersed in his own thoughts, he sits on a bench, squeezing his famous cane in one hand, and leaning the other on the back of the bench. The monument is erected on a pedestal made of granite.
Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke at the opening ceremony, noting Mikhalkov’s tremendous contribution to the culture of our country, his patriotism and love of country. According to Putin, the relevance of the works of Mikhalkov, the relationship of past and future in his work is a characteristic feature of the writer. And the opening of the monument on the eve of Children's Day is also very symbolic: after all, today Mikhalkov is one of the most famous and popular children's writers.
Address: Povarskaya St., 33
Monument to Cyril and Methodius in Moscow
The monument to Cyril and Methodius was opened in Ilyinsky Square near Slavyanskaya Square on May 24, 1992, on the Day of Slavic Literature and Culture.
Cyril and Methodius (9th century AD, in the world - Constantine and Michael) - the legendary creators of the Old Slavonic language and alphabet, as well as Christian preachers, canonized and revered as saints. The brothers were born in the city of Solun (Thessaloniki) and, having received a good education, later more than once took part in missionary missions. Having systematized the Slavic language and the alphabet, Cyril and Methodius translated church books from Greek into Slavic and taught the citizens of Moravia and Bulgaria to read, write, and conduct services in it.
The monument depicts two brothers holding a scroll with the Old Slavonic alphabet and the Bible, at the page of which the first line of the Gospel of John is written in Old Slavonic ("In the beginning was the Word ..."); with one free hand, one of them supports a large cross. The appearance of Cyril and Methodius was recreated according to the references in the manuscripts. At the foot of the monument, the Everlasting Lampada is installed.
On the obverse side of the pedestal, the words of gratitude are written in Old Slavonic: “To the holy Equal-to-the-Apostles primary teachers Slavic Methodius and Cyril. Grateful Russia”.
The inscription became a stumbling block: although the monument is a symbol of Slavic writing, after installing the monument, it counted as many as 5 spelling mistakes (of which 2 were in the word "Russia"), and in the scroll with the alphabet in the hands of one of the brothers, the letter "H".
Address: Lubyansky pr-d, 25 building 1
Monument to the pioneer printer Ivan Fedorov in Moscow
In the spring of 1564 the first book was printed in Moscow. This event was recorded in historical documents, so it is considered to be the beginning of book printing in Russia. The first published printed, not handwritten, book was the Apostle, and the first printer was Deacon Ivan Fedorov. The book was published in the Printing House, which was created in the 50s of the XVI century by decree of Ivan the Terrible. At the beginning of the twentieth century, a monument to Ivan Fedorov was erected next to the building of the former Gosudarev Printing House. During the past century it was transferred twice: in the 30s with the expansion of the Theater Passage and in the 90s with the construction of a shopping complex.
Sculptor Sergey Volnukhin and architect Ivan Mashkov became the authors of the monument to the first printer. Sergey Volnukhin with his project won a big competition, in which other famous architects of Moscow (Ivan Zholtovsky and Nikolai Andreev) and even their foreign colleagues participated. Fundraising for the construction of the monument has been going on for thirty years on the initiative of the Moscow Archaeological Society. And only in 1901, Sergei Volnukhin began to create a bronze statue of Ivan Fedorov. The opening of the monument took place in October 1909.
About how Ivan Fedorov looked, the creators of the monument could only guess, since the images of the first printer were not preserved. Despite the fact that Fedorov was a deacon, he was depicted in the clothing of an artisan. In one hand, the master holds the printed page of the book, while the other holds the typesetting board into which the letters were inserted. The statue is placed on a high pedestal of black polished stone, on one side of which is a printed mark of the master, cast in bronze, and on the other - his motto.
Address: Theater Prospect
Monument to Lenin in Moscow
One of the last monuments to the organizer and leader of the October Revolution of 1917, Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR, USSR, founder of the Soviet state V.I. Lenin.
It was established on November 5, 1985 in the center of October (now Kaluzhskaya) Square.
On a high cylindrical pedestal of red granite stands a full-length bronze figure of Lenin. The multi-figured sculptural composition below around the pedestal represents active participants and defenders of the revolution. Above all in the center stands a woman against the backdrop of a waving flag - this is the personification of the Revolution itself. She is guarded by a group of armed men: sailors, soldiers, workers, and peasants. Among them there are representatives of various nationalities. The rear of the revolution (ie, behind the granite column) is represented by the figure of a woman with two children. One child in her arms, an older boy standing nearby, he is holding a pile of revolutionary newspapers.
The author of the monument is the sculptor Kerbel, the last of the muralists of the creators of Leniniana. He devoted several decades to this topic. In his own words, he “sculpted images, not specific people,” which can be fully attributed to this monument.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, most of the monuments of V.I. Lenin, both in Russia and in other countries and former Soviet republics, were dismantled. The monument on Kaluga Square is one of the few surviving; it is an excellent example of Soviet monumental art.
Address: Kaluga Sq.
Monument to P.I. Tchaikovsky in Moscow
At the moment of inspiration, Tchaikovsky, recording music and conducting himself — such an image of the great Russian composer was created in the 50s by sculptor Vera Mukhina. This monument is located near the building of the Moscow State Conservatory on Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street. The Conservatory was founded in the second half of the XIX century; Peter Ilyich was one of its teachers since its foundation. In 1940, this educational institution was named after Tchaikovsky, and in 1954 a monument was erected to it.
It is worth noting that Vera Mukhina before this monument created another sculptural image of the composer. In 1929, she completed a bust for the home-museum of Peter Tchaikovsky, which is located in the city of Klin. Work on the monument to the conservatory continued since 1945, and only the second project submitted by the sculptor was approved. To implement the first option, in which Vera Mukhina wanted to portray Tchaikovsky as the conductor of an invisible orchestra, a large area was required, and a small conservatory yard was identified as the place where the monument was erected.
The figure of Tchaikovsky, sitting in a chair in front of the desk, was cast in bronze; the high pedestal is made of red granite. A bench made of marble and a bronze lattice in the form of a musical staff were installed near the monument, on which fragments of the composer's immortal works are recorded — the ballet Swan Lake, the opera Eugene Onegin and others. Also on the lattice you can see openwork forged monograms with Tchaikovsky's initials, dates of his birth and death, and images of harps.
Address: Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street, 13
Monument to M.I. Kutuzov in Moscow
Bronze sculpture depicts a commander in full dress uniform, on horseback, as if inspecting the battlefield.
The sculptural composition includes 26 figures of officers, soldiers, militias - participants of hostilities against the French. They embody images of specific historical persons, conveying a portrait resemblance to the heroes of 1812. Among them there are the generals P.I. Bagration, A.P.Ermolov, M.I.Platov, N.N.Raevsky, partisans and the poet D.V. Davidov. The inscription on the pedestal: “To Mikhail Illutriovich Kutuzov, the glorious sons of the Russian people, who won the Patriotic War of 1812.”
Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov (the Most High Prince Golenishchev-Kutuzov) - Field Marshal General, one of the greatest Russian military leaders. He was born in the family of a military engineer; he studied at the Artillery and Engineering School. He commanded a company in the Astrakhan Infantry Regiment, was adjutant to Revelsky Governor-General. In 1770 he was transferred to the 1st Army and took part in the Russian-Turkish war under the command of Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov. Then he took part in the decisive battles of Larga and Cagula and he was promoted to prime minister. In 1772 he moved to the 2nd Crimean Army. In Crimea, Kutuzov was wounded in the temple and right eye, after which he was treated abroad for several years. Returning to Russia, he served again in the Crimea, in the troops of Suvorov. He received the rank of major general in 1784.
In 1962, after the opening of the Museum of the Battle of Borodino on Kutuzov Avenue, it was decided to erect a monument to Kutuzov there.
Address: 39 Kutuzovsky Ave.
Monument to V.G. Shukhov in Moscow
The monument to the talented engineer Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov was opened on Sretensky Boulevard in Moscow in December 2008. The monument was created by the architect and sculptor S.А. Shcherbakov. Place for the monument was not chosen by chance. For a long time Shukhov lived in a house located at the intersection of the Boulevard Ring and Myasnitskaya Street, therefore Sretensky and Chistoprudny boulevards were his favorite places for walks and rest.
Vladimir G. Shukhov was an outstanding engineer, known for his work on the construction of the first Russian oil pipelines, oil tankers and oil refineries using oil cracking. On his account there were more than 400 projects of railway bridges, the overlapping of such buildings as GUM, the Main Post Office, the Museum of Fine Arts named after A.S. Pushkin, as well as a unique structure - the Shukhov Tower, also known as the Shabolovskaya Radio Tele tower.
The sculptural composition consists of a 10-meter bronze figure of Shukhov. A cape is thrown over the engineer’s shoulders, and with his right hand he holds rolls with drawings. The massive pedestal of the monument is made in the form of the Shukhov Tower. There are vertical friezes on four sides, on which elements of structures created by Shukhov can be viewed, as well as compositions from books, working tools, and details of technical units.
Three massive bronze benches are installed around the monument; they are now called the "Benches of Science". Two benches are made in the form of split logs. On top of the logs there are vices, hammers, and other joinery tools. The third bench is an original design of the wheels.
Address: Sretensky Boulevard
Monument to Mstislav Rostropovich in Moscow
The monument to Rostropovich Mstislav Leopoldovich was opened in Moscow in 2012, on March 29, not far from the so-called House of Composers in Bryusov Lane, where the musician lived with his wife, the great opera diva Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya.
Celebrations on the opening of the monument occurred on the days of the celebration of the 85th anniversary of the birth of the famous musician and conductor.
The authors of the sculptural composition are the sculptor Alexander I. Rukavishnikov in tandem with the architect Igor Nikolayevich Voznesensky.
Bronze-made cello, bow and strings, as well as dynamism in the image of Rostropovich create the impression that divine music is about to start playing from the pedestal. Rukavishnikov in one of the interviews said that the sculptural composition was able to unleash the unbridled energy of the musician, who helped him successfully implement any of their undertakings.
Mstislav Leopoldovich was a great cellist and a talented conductor. Due to his organizational qualities, he skillfully promoted modern chamber music and did quite a lot to popularize current Russian composers.
The repertoire of the musician sounded not only classics, but also compositions written for him by such famous composers as Prokofiev, Schnittke, Britteyn, Messiaen, Shostakovich, Khachaturian, Dyutye and others.
Address: Bryusov Lane
Monument to F. M. Dostoevsky in Moscow
Monument to F.M. Dostoevsky of the sculptor S.D. Merkurov is one of the very first monuments of the Soviet era.
Monument to F.M. Dostoevsky was installed in 1918. But the idea has been sculpted by sculptor S. Merkurov since 1905. This work embodied the artist's thoughts on the role of space and time in plastic art. The sculptor defined the monument to Dostoevsky as a figure with two axes and one center, located outside the statue. The silhouette of the writer changes with the change of angle, as if a pantomime actor. It was not by chance that A. Vertinsky was invited as a sitter. Merkurov recalled: “He immediately understood my plan, accepted the correct posture. And how he held his amazing plastic hands! ”
When the Soviet government in 1918 adopted a decree on monuments to historical figures, Merkurov offered the special commission a statue of Dostoevsky. Originally, the monument was installed on Tsvetnoy Boulevard, then, in 1936, when tram tracks were laid there, the monument was transferred to the square of the Mariinsky hospital, where the writer's father once worked and Dostoevsky was born. Now in the left wing of this hospital there is the museum-apartment of Dostoevsky.
For 20 years, the sculpture stood on the ground. In 1956, architect I.French raised it on a pedestal of dark granite. Since then, this "moving statue" has gained its own "scaffolding".
Address: st. Dostoevsky, 2
Rostokinsky janitor in Moscow
Rostokinsky janitor is one of the attractions of Moscow, established in 2006 on Malachite Street in Rostokinsky district.
During the 1980 Summer Olympic Games, a wooden playground was located in a square near the intersection of Malachite Street and Bazhov Street: a wonder hut, carved gates, a board rook and a rather large dragon with webbed wings, a high hill or a hut on chicken legs. It was on this site in 1981 that a movie story of the 27th issue of the Yeralash comic magazine was filmed. Soon the wooden courtyard became a victim of vandalism, so it did not stand for a long time.
In 2006, the head of the administration of Rostokinsky district, Peter Povolotsky, expressed the idea of creating a monument dedicated to the janitor. The ceremonial opening of the creation of members of the Moscow Union of Artists Andrei Aseryants and Vladimir Lepeshov, entitled “Rostokinsky Janitor”, took place on the day of the city on a hill in the square near Rostokinsky Aqueduct. There the sculptural composition is installed temporarily; all residents can speak about the desired place of its permanent placement. The monument became quite popular in the capital, and Moscow was among the cities where monuments in honor of the janitor were installed.
The three-meter-long Rostokinsky janitor’s monument is completely made of iron: the janitor himself and all his clothes, including an apron and a broom firmly held in his hands, integral parts of this profession, are made of rusted iron, and his eyes, disheveled curls and mustaches are of various nuts and bolts.
Address: st. Malachite and st. Bazhov intersection
Monument to I. A. Bunin in Moscow
The outstanding Russian writer of the late XIX - early XX century, Ivan Bunin, became the first Russian writer to win the Nobel Prize. The Nobel Committee noted in 1933 the skill of Ivan Alekseevich, continuing the tradition of classical Russian prose.
Ivan Bunin first arrived in the capital in 1895. In Moscow, he met his beloved Vera Muromtseva, entered the circle of Moscow writers and was friends with Leonid Andreyev, Maxim Gorky, Alexander Kuprin and others. The Moscow period of his work includes such prose works as “Antonov apples”, “Mister from San Francisco” and “Light breath”, several poetic collections.
In Moscow, a monument to the writer was erected in the New Arbat area on Povarskaya Street, near the house No. 26, in which Ivan Bunin lived before leaving the capital and leaving first to Odessa, and then emigrating to France. In 1993, a memorial sign was installed on this house.
The opening of the monument took place on the writer's birthday - October 22, in 2007, when its 137th anniversary was celebrated. The author of the bronze monument was sculptor Vladimir Burganov, who also created the Buninsky monument, installed in Voronezh, the writer's hometown. Architect Victor Pasenko also participated in the work on the Moscow monument.
The bronze figure of the writer was installed on a pedestal of granite. It seemed that Ivan Alekseevich went out for a walk along Povarskaya Street, took off his coat, threw it over his arm, and stopped in thought.
Address: Povarskaya St., 30/36
Monument to K.A. Timiryazev in Moscow
Earlier, to get to the square of the Nikitsky Gate from the boulevard, one would have to go around the house of Prince Gagarin, which stood at the beginning (numbering is from the square) of Tverskoy. However, in the days of the October Revolution, this house was actually destroyed and in 1923 a square was arranged in its place, where on November 4 of the same year a monument to Clement Arkadyevich Timiryazev was erected.
On April 12, 1922, two years after the death of the scientist, a decree of the Presidium of the Moscow Council was issued on the installation of a monument to Clement Arkadyevich Timiryazev.
The monument was opened on November 4, 1923 in a solemn atmosphere. “The celebration, despite the gloomy weather, attracted many deputations of scholars and educational institutions and organizations and several thousand individual citizens, mainly teachers and students of higher educational institutions. Representatives of various workers' organizations, departments and institutions with wreaths, members of the Presidium of the Moscow City Council, professors, and groups of children of schools named after K.A. Timiryazev et al. To the sounds of the "Internationale" from the monument representing the figure of the late K.A. Timiryazev carved from a whole block of granite, full-length, the veil was asleep ... "(" News of the CEC ")
On the night of August 5, 1941, a 1000-pound high-explosive bomb exploded in front of the monument to Timiryazev. A crater with a diameter of about 30 meters and a depth of over 10 meters was formed, the rails were twisted, underground utilities were torn down, and the nearest buildings were destroyed. The most amazing thing is that the sculpture was restored in a few hours. Potholes from fragments were preserved in the bottom of the mantle and at the left foot of the sculpture.
Address: 2/1 Malaya Nikitskaya St., Building 1
Monument to Bagration in Moscow
It is installed on Kutuzov Avenue in Moscow in 1999. Peter Ivanovich Bagration was the legendary military leader, hero of the Patriotic War of 1812. He died of wounds received in the battle of Borodino.
Moscow Bagration, sealed in bronze, on horseback, fearlessly leads the troops to attack. So he remembered by his contemporaries in his last battle, at Borodino. The memorable inscription: "To Peter Ivanovich Bagration a grateful fatherland." The height of the sculpture is more than 6 meters, and together with the pedestal it is about 10 meters.
Prince Bagration, a descendant of the Georgian royal family, became a true hero of Russia. His talent as a commander admired his contemporaries, and legends about his courage. He was called the "lion of the Russian army", and the military merits of the general highlighted both Kutuzov and Napoleon. At the same time, Bagration did not receive not only military education, but also no academic education at all, and his success was, rather, the fruit of intuition and will, courage and perseverance. The prince grew up in Kizlyar (where there is a museum of Bagration, as well as a street named after him) and in the same district began his military service: private in the Astrakhan infantry regiment.
Later he served in the Kiev cavalry-rangers and Sofia carabinieri regiments, participated in the Russian-Turkish war of 1787-1792, the Polish campaign of 1794 and the Italian and Swiss campaigns of A.V. Suvorov of 1799. During the campaign against Napoleon of 1805–1807, Bagration was in the rearguard of the march-maneuver of Kutuzov’s army from Braunau to Olmuts and conducted a number of successful battles. In the battle of Austerlitz he commanded the forces of the right wing of the allied army. Napoleon himself spoke of Bagration as the best Russian general.
Address: Kutuzov Ave.
Monument to Joseph Brodsky in Moscow
On the last day of spring in 2011, a monument to Joseph Brodsky was erected in the park between houses 22 and 28 on Novinsky Boulevard, a poet who is read by a new generation in the same breath, to a person who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, but was not recognized as existing then by the state regime.
The monument is located exactly opposite the American Embassy, which is quite symbolic. Indeed, at one time, when, under the Soviet regime, Brodsky was considered an unworthy person and was arranged all sorts of checks and interrogations, he went to America, leaving his parents, friends and his whole life in Russia.
Despite the fact that Joseph Brodsky was born and lived in St. Petersburg, the monument was erected in Moscow. This is a real gesture of recognition of his achievements in national and world literature; this is a tribute to his talent from the state.
The sculptor Georgi Frangulyan became the author of the monument to Joseph Brodsky. His creations include the monument to Bulat Okudzhava on Old Arbat, a monument to Aram Khachaturian in Bryusov Lane, a monument to Pushkin in Brussels and a monument to Boris Yeltsin in Yekaterinburg.
Address: Novinsky Boulevard, 22
Monument to V.I. Lenin at the Exhibition of Economic Achievements in Moscow
Monument to the founder of the Soviet state V.I. Lenin by P.P. Yatsyno was opened at VDNKh in 1954. The monument is installed near the Central Pavilion opposite the main entrance of the exhibition.
The figure of the leader is made in the traditions of socialist realism. The artist depicted Lenin resolute and majestic. Vladimir Ilyich stands slightly forward with his left foot. In his right hand he has a sheet rolled up; with his left hand he holds the top of his raincoat. Lenin's calm face is turned into a bright future. The sculpture is set on a low granite pedestal.
Interesting fact: the original monument to V.I. Lenin stood in tandem with the monument to Stalin (work by A.P. Kibalnikov). The sculptures were located symmetrically on the sides of the entrance to the pavilion. After debunking the personality cult of Stalin, the monument to the "Father of Nations" was dismantled, and the sculpture of Lenin was moved inside the Central Pavilion.
In 1967, when the 50th anniversary of the October Socialist Revolution was celebrated, a monument to Lenin was again erected in front of the Central Pavilion.
Address: 119 Mira Ave.
- Monument to M.Y. Lermontov in Moscow
In 1941, the Red Gate Square, next to which was the home of the poet Mikhail Lermontov, was renamed Lermontovskaya. At about the same time, the idea was expressed that the poet needed to erect a monument. Plans to perpetuate the memory of Mikhail Yuryevich violated the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War, and returned to the realization of this idea only many years after its end. By the way, after the war, the pre-revolutionary building near the Red Gate Square was demolished, and on the site of the house where Lermontov was born, one of the so-called "Stalin's skyscrapers" was built.
The opening of the monument to the poet took place only in the summer of 1965. A large creative team, which included several architects (Nikolai Milovidov, Grigory Saevich, Anatoly Morgulis) and sculptor Isaac Brodsky, worked on the construction of the monument.
Researchers of Lermontov’s art note that Romanticism was inherent in his works, especially early lyrics, as the gloomy romantic appears before the reader by his Pechorin - the central figure of the “Hero of Our Time”. And Lermontov himself was, most likely, a romantic. Perhaps that is why the monument to him is now called one of the most romantic in the capital. The bronze poet is depicted with a pensive expression on his face, the collar of his overcoat is raised, and the edges of his overcoat's clothes are waving in the wind. On a stone pedestal, the authors quoted the poet's lines in which he confesses his love for Moscow.
The sculptural composition of Lermontovsky Square is complemented by a stone bench and a grate stela with images of the heroes of his other works - the poems “The Demon” and “Mtsyri”, the poem “The Sail”. When creating this monument, the authors used the techniques characteristic of the monumental art of the 60s. Currently, the monument to Lermontov is recognized as an object of cultural heritage of federal significance.
Address: Lermontovskaya Square
Michurin Monument at VDNKh in Moscow
Monument to I.V. Michurin is installed in the Michurinsky garden on the territory of the Exhibition of Economic Achievements in Moscow.
Michurinsky garden exists since 1954. In the garden grow apple trees, pears, lilacs and cherries. And in 1954, a bronze monument to Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, an honorary academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences, a talented biologist and botanist, a gifted breeder and creator of new varieties of various fruit and berry crops was established in the center of this nursery. In his honor, in memory of merit, this garden was named.
A man of bronze wearing a coat and hat has been standing on a high granite pedestal for 60 years. With one hand he rests on a cane, and in the second hand he holds a bronze book. The pensive glance is directed somewhere off into the distance, and it seems that Michurin is inspecting his garden. On the pedestal there is a tablet decorated with a palm branch with a memorial inscription. The creators of this monument are sculptor D. Zhilov and architect V. Artamonov.
Address: Prospect Mira, vl. 119
Monument to N.V. Gogol in Moscow
This monument (by sculptor N. Tomsky, architect L. Golubovsky) appeared in 1952 at the end of Gogol Boulevard, in the year of the centenary of Gogol's death, on the site of another monument (by sculptor N. Andreev, architect F. Shekhtel) to birthday of the writer in 1909, and who moved to the courtyard of the house-museum of Gogol on Nikitsky Boulevard.
It is known that J. Stalin disliked the “mournful” Gogol of the work of sculptor N.Andreev, architect F.Shekhtel, by which he regularly had to pass.
And on March 2, 1952, the grand opening of a new monument took place. The image of the writer was presented in a new interpretation: full of strength, standing upright on a high pedestal, smiling and radiating optimism. The pedestal of the new monument was decorated with an extensive dedication: “To the great Russian artist, the words of Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol from the government of the Soviet Union on March 2, 1952”.
N. Tomsky himself did not appreciate this work of his own: “Of all the monumental works I have created in recent years, I consider the most unfortunate monument to N.V. Gogol in Moscow, which I made in an extraordinary rush for the writer's anniversary.”
Shortly after the monument was opened, its copy was installed in the lobby of Moscow School No. 59 (formerly Medvednikovskaya Gymnasium). Pupils of this school won the All-Union competition of creative works dedicated to the works of Gogol, for which the educational institution on February 9, 1952 was named after the writer.
Address: Gogol Boulevard
Monument to Dmitry Donskoy in Moscow
The equestrian statue of Dmitry Donskoy appeared in Moscow at the intersection of Nikolo-Yamskaya and Yauzskaya streets only in 2013. The opening of this monument took place only in May 2014, and the foundation stone on the site of the future monument has been here since 2003. Works on the creation of the monument were suspended for several years due to the death of the main author - sculptor Vyacheslav Klykov.
Dmitry Ivanovich Donskoy, Prince of Moscow and Vladimir is known as a collector of Russian lands around the principality of Moscow. One of his main military victories was the victory in 1380 on the Kulikovo Field over the army of Khan Mamai. Before advancing to this battle, the Russian army and the militia, led by the prince, gathered at this place on the banks of the Yauza River, where after almost seven centuries this monument was erected.
The prince was depicted in battle garb, sitting on a horse. In his hand, Dmitry Donskoy flies a banner with the emblem of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The bronze prince is ready to advance to the battle, to lead the warriors and win, which will liberate the Russian lands from the Tatar-Mongol yoke. On the pedestal of the monument you can see the dedication to the holy Prince Dmitry Donskoy, the liberator of the Russian lands.
The opening of the monument was timed to the 700th anniversary of the birth of St. Sergius of Radonezh, who blessed the prince for the battle with Khan Mamai. The monument was consecrated by Kirill, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and Mayor of the capital Sergey Sobyanin also participated in the opening ceremony.
Address: Yauzskaya Str.
Monument to Aram Khachaturian in Moscow
The monument to Aram Khachaturian is a monument to the outstanding Soviet Armenian composer, conductor and teacher, People's Artist of the USSR Aram Ilyich Khachaturian. It is installed in the center of Moscow near the house where the composer lived for a long time.
The monument was opened in 2006. The monumental bronze composition depicting Khachaturian at the moment of his inspiration surrounded by various musical instruments was installed without a pedestal on a square granite platform. The authors of the monument are architect I. Resurrection and sculptor G. Frangulyan.
Address: Bryusov Lane, 8
Monument to Khoja Nasreddin in Moscow
In 2006, April Fool's Day, traditionally celebrated on April 1, was marked by the solemn opening of another unusual monument - the famous philosopher and poet of the East, Khoja Nasreddin.
The name of Khoja Nasreddin is somehow familiar to everyone. He was famous for his cunning, kind humor and at the same time deep wisdom and the struggle for justice. It is also noteworthy that they consider Nasreddin to be their national hero in the Caucasus, Central Asia and the East.
The author of this monument is the Russian sculptor Andrei Orlov. There is nothing superfluous in the sculptural group: the bronze Khoja Nasreddi holds a book in one hand, and the cause of his faithful friend and companion, the donkey, in the other. It is curious that the composition is distinguished by somewhat disturbed proportions - the burro is large. Yes, and he looks, in contrast to Nasreddin himself, whose figure is very realistic, comically - the poured donkey from the cartoon “Shrek”. But all these inaccuracies are not only not striking and do not spoil the picture, on the contrary, they give the monument a certain charm.
Coming closer, you will definitely notice that the saddle of a donkey is somehow especially polished. Everything is explained very simply: there is a sign that you should take a picture on the back of the satellite Khoja Nasreddin, and luck will turn to your face.
Address: Yartsevskaya Str. 25A
Monument to A.T. Tvardovsky in Moscow
The monument to the famous front-line poet and Soviet classic Alexander Tvardovsky appeared in Moscow only a couple of years ago. The monument was opened on June 22, 2013. The date of its discovery was timed to June 22 - the beginning of World War II, and almost coincided with the date of birth of the writer - Alexander Tvardovsky was born on June 21, 1910 in one of the farms of the Smolensk region.
The monument was erected on Passionny Boulevard next to the building of the editorial office of the literary magazine "New World" - perhaps the main literary periodical in the Soviet era. Alexander Tvardovsky was its chief editor in the 50s-70s with a short break. He took this post after he wrote his most famous works “Vasily Turkin” and “House by the Road” and three times won the Stalin Prize of various degrees. Tvardovsky was deprived of this post, including for trying to publish the works of Alexander Solzhenitsyn.
The image of Alexander Tvardovsky in bronze was created by a group of sculptors and architects, among whom was the Moscow sculptor, the national artist of the Russian Federation Vladimir Surovtsev. He is known for his works on the patriotic theme, some of his sculptures adorn the streets of other cities of the world, and in Moscow, in particular, he created a monument to Anna Akhmatova on Bolshaya Ordynka. Funds for the creation of the monument to Tvardovsky were provided by billionaire Alisher Usmanov. Also in the creation of the monument Victor Pasenko, Honored Architect of the Russian Federation participated.
Vladimir Surovtsev depicted Alexander Tvardovsky during a walk along Passionate Boulevard - and the writer really liked to walk on it. For the pedestal, a quote was chosen from a 1955 poem “You are a fool, death: you threaten people ...”, as if written by the author’s handwriting.
Address: Strastnoy Boulevard
Monument to the dead policemen in Moscow
The monument to the dead police officers on Trubnaya Square in Moscow is located at the southern exit of the Trubnaya metro station (Central Administrative District, Meshchansky District).
The monument was solemnly opened on November 11, 1994. The work was performed by sculptor A.A. Bichukov, architect A.V. Kuzmin. The monument to the dead policemen on Trubnaya Square is a column with a total height of 32.5 meters, made of bronze and mounted on a granite pedestal. A statue of St. George the Victorious, striking a serpent towers above the column, and at the base of the stela are sculpted bas-reliefs, one of which depicts a grieving mother leaning over the body of her deceased son. The inscription reads: "Grateful Russia to the soldiers of law and order who died in the line of duty".
Every year, on Police Day, soldiers, police officers and ordinary people gather at the monument to the dead policemen on Trubnaya Square to lay flowers in memory of those who gave their lives for the peace of citizens.
Address: Trubnaya Square
Monument to Prince Daniel of Moscow
Among Moscow streets there are several named Danilovskys: there is an alley, a square, a quay, a street, which were named because of its proximity to the Danilov Monastery. The monastery was founded by the Grand Duke Daniel of Moscow, who lived in the XIII century, was the son of Prince Alexander Nevsky and inherited from him a small principality with the small city of Moscow.
The memory of Daniel of Moscow was immortalized by the installation of a monument in the square that bears his name. A more precise location of the monument is at the Tulskaya metro station, at the intersection of Lyusinovskaya and Bolshaya Serpukhovskaya streets.
The opening of the monument took place in September 1997 and was timed to the celebration of the 850th anniversary of the founding of Moscow. The ceremony was held with the participation of the mayor of the capital Yury Luzhkov and the patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II.
A ten-meter bronze statue placed on a granite cylindrical pedestal was created by sculptors Alexander Korovin and Vladimir Mokrousov and architect Dmitry Sokolov. Prince Daniel Alexandrovich was depicted by them in full growth, in traditional princely garb. In one hand of the prince there is a sword in the sheath, in the other he holds the temple. Such an image was supposed to convey the merits and basic traits of the prince, thanks to which he entered the history of Russia as a religious, peace-loving ruler who expanded the boundaries of the Moscow principality and founded several monasteries.
In 1998, in front of the monument, the chapel of the Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, which was demolished in the 20s of the last century, was rebuilt in its former place. In 2013, the ensemble of the square complemented the granite fountain of the cruciform shape, located near the monument.
Address: Serpukhovskaya Square
Monument Fountain Clowns in Moscow
Clowns - the so-called unusual monument-fountain, which is located opposite the circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard in Moscow. It was opened on June 14, 2002 by Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov. The author of the sculptural composition is Zurab Tsereteli.
The bowl of the fountain is covered with a bronze grate through which water jets are beating. In the center there is a bronze clown figure on a unicycle. In one hand, the clown holds an umbrella along which streams of "rain" flow, and in his other hand he has a suitcase. The suitcase is opened, and a second clown falls out of it. Which, apparently, was to appear before the audience only in the arena.
Next to the fountain there are some more interesting figures. One clown saddled the top of another, the third one is depicted preparing for a somersault, and the fourth sits on the square, as if watching what his colleagues are doing. Here are made of copper suitcase, hat, walking stick and shoe - inseparable satellites of the clown. The monument is dedicated to the memory of the beloved artist Yuri Nikulin.
Address: Tsvetnoy Boulevard, 13
Monument to the creators of the Russian railways in Moscow
The monument to the creators of the Russian railways in Moscow was opened on August 1, 2013, on the Day of the Railway Man, which is celebrated on the first Sunday of August. The monument was erected in front of the entrance to the Tsar's Tower of the Kazan Station. The author of the monument is the national artist of Russia Salavat Shcherbakov.
On the granite pedestal there is a sculpture made of bronze. In the center there is the bust of Emperor Nicholas I, during the reign of whom railways appeared in Russia. He is surrounded by figures of prominent figures: Efim and Miron Cherepanovs (father and son), Franz Anton von Gerstner, Pavel Melnikov, Mikhail Khilkov, Sergei Witte. On the reverse side of the monument there is an inscription: Emperor All-Russian Nicholas I, on February 12, 1842, signed a decree on the construction of the Moscow-St. Petersburg railway.
Address: Kazan station square
- Monument to Patriarch Hermogenes in Moscow
The monument to Patriarch Germogen was unveiled in the Alexander Garden on May 25, 2013. The opening of the monument took place on the day of the 100th anniversary of the glorification of Saint Hermogenes. The consecration of the monument was made by His Holiness Patriarch Kirill.
Patriarch Hermogenes, or Yermolai, was born in about 1530. This is the second Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. In 1587, after the death of his wife, whose name has not been preserved by history, he became a monk in the Chudovo Monastery in Moscow.
This is not just a church leader of that time, but also the spiritual leader of the Russians.
The work of the creative team led by the national artist of Russia Salavat Shcherbakov and honored architect of Russia Igor Voskresensky.
Address: Alexander Garden
Monument to the first Russian soldier of the Life Guards of Preobrazhensky Regiment S.L. Buhvostov in Moscow
The monument to the “First Russian Soldier” was opened on August 20, 2005 on Preobrazhenskaya Square. Peter I in 1721 ordered Carl Rastrelli to make a bronze bust of the “First Russian Soldier” for services to the Fatherland.
Unfortunately, the sculpture was not preserved.
Surprisingly, the bust of Sergey Bukhvostov by Carlo Rastrelli was the first sculpture monument, as well as the first monument in his lifetime in Russia. The current monument is made by an engraving of M. I. Makhaev, which, in turn, was created with that sculpture.
Address: Preobrazhenskaya Square
- Monument to Mahatma Gandhi in Moscow
The sculptural figure of Mahatma Gandhi, the work of the famous Indian sculptor G. Pal, was presented as a gift to Moscow from the government and the people of India.
The monument was opened on July 8, 1988 at Gandhi Square at the intersection of Lomonosovsky and Michurinsky avenues (the authors of the installation and pedestal project are Moscow architects V.V. Pasenko, I.P. Kruglov and designer V.Ye.Korei).
The sculptural part of the monument is extraordinarily expressive in plastic and figurativeness: a person walking with a wide decisive step with a pilgrim staff, wearing the traditional clothes of a hermit, personifies high spiritual asceticism, selflessness in the search for truth.
The portrait features and the interpretation of the figure are extremely naturalistic. The external dynamics of the composition is complemented and enhanced by the internal movement that permeates the image. It seems that the posture and mimicry of an expressive face, pitted with deep wrinkles, is changing before our eyes.
Such a composition came to the place on the noisy Lomonosovsky Prospect, covered by the multilateral movement of cars and people.
Address: Indira Gandhi square
- Monument to M.V. Lomonosov in Moscow
Young Mikhail Lomonosov went to Moscow in January 1730. After 25 years in the capital, he established Moscow University, which two hundred years later began to wear his last name. Mikhail Lomonosov was, as they would say now, a universal scientist. His interests covered a variety of scientific fields: chemistry, physics, geography, geology, astronomy, philology and history. At the same time, Lomonosov was not a stranger to the visual arts, versification, and also entered Russian history as an outstanding enlightener.
The name of Lomonosov was given to Moscow State University in 1940, when the university marked 185 years since its foundation. The monument to the outstanding scientist was erected in front of the main building of Moscow State University on Knowledge Day - September 1, 1953. The square on which the monument stands is also called Lomonosovskaya.
The authors of this bronze figure of Mikhail Vasilyevich were sculptor Nikolai Tomsky and architect Vladimir Rudnev. They portrayed Lomonosov in an image close to the students — young, with a pen and paper in their hands, on which the rules of the university he founded are written. A scientist stands on a gray stone pedestal of a round shape with a tablet on which his years of life are stamped.
This monument is considered one of the symbols of Moscow State University, on the steps of its pedestal one can often see seated students. And representatives of the two faculties (chemical and physical), between the buildings of which the monument stands, have long been in dispute over what would find out whose department is located closer to the bronze founding father.
Address: Sparrow Hills
- Romanovsky Obelisk in the Alexander Garden in Moscow
The Romanovsky obelisk in honor of the 300th anniversary of the reign of the House of Romanov is an amazing memorial erected in the Alexander Garden in 1914. Originally devoted to the Romanov dynasty, in Soviet times it was converted into an obelisk monument to outstanding thinkers and leaders of the struggle for the emancipation of the working people, and in our days it is practically lost when trying to restore the original appearance; Thus, the modern obelisk is an inaccurate copy of the historical.
The tetrahedral obelisk is made of granite and mounted on a massive cubic base. On the face of the cube, a dedication is carved: "In memory of the 300th anniversary of the accession of the Romanov dynasty", and also depicts George the Victorious and the small emblems of the Russian principalities, provinces and regions in shields: Moscow, Kazan, Polish, Siberian, Astrakhan, Georgian, Khersonotavric, Kiev, Vladimir, Novgorod and Finnish (some of them are combined). The top of the obelisk is crowned with a gilded two-headed eagle, under which the patrimonial coat of arms of the Romanov boyars is placed — a griffin with a sword and shield, and below the full height of the monument there are the names of the kings and emperors from the Romanov dynasty from Michael Fedorovich to Nicholas II.
On the obelisk only the name of Ivan VI Antonovich is missed - the baby emperor, who reigned at the age of 1 year, then was overthrown and spent his whole life imprisoned until, at 23, he was killed.
Address: Alexander Garden
Monument to Alisher Navoi in Moscow
The monument to the outstanding Uzbek poet Alisher Navoi is a gift from the government of Uzbekistan and the administration of Tashkent to the Russian capital. The monument was made in Uzbekistan and delivered to Moscow by plane. Its grand opening took place in November 2002, Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov and government officials from the Republic of Uzbekistan took part in the ceremony.
In the capital of Russia, the monument was installed in the square of Serpukhov Square, which overlooks the Garden Ring. The figure of the poet was cast from bronze; its height is 4.5 meters. The poet is depicted in traditional folk clothes reading his works. The statue was placed on a high pedestal of granite. The creation of the monument involved the international creative team, which included a sculptor, People’s Artist of Uzbekistan Ravshan Mirtadzhiyev and Russian architects Alexander Kuzmin and Igor Voskresensky. Ravshan Mirtadzhiev created one more figure for Alisher Navoi for the city of Baku.
Alisher Navoi, at birth named Nizamaddin Mir Alisher, lived in Iran in the second half of the 15th century, was not only a poet, but also a philosopher and politician. His creative legacy includes about three dozen philosophical works, more than three thousand lyrical works, five epic poems, including the most famous “Leyli and Mejnun”, historical and philological treatises. The works of Alisher Navoi had a great influence on the work of writers and poets who wrote in the Turkic language.
Address: Serpukhovskaya Square
Monument of Le Corbusier in Moscow
The Le Corbusier Monument is located in front of the Tsentrosoyuz building on Myasnitskaya Street - the only building erected by an architect’s project in Moscow. The sculpture was opened on October 15, 2015.
Le Corbusier (1887-1965, real name: Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gri) is a renowned French architect of Swiss origin, one of the pioneers of architectural modernism and functionalism, a bright representative of the international style in architecture and, moreover, an artist. Le Corbusier is called one of the most significant architects of the 20th century: the buildings according to his projects were built in different countries of the world - France, Germany, Switzerland, Russia, USA, Brazil, India and others, and their characteristic features became usual methods of modern construction. At the same time, Le Corbusier is called an apologist for a rational approach and a mystic, a public leader and a hermit - despite the contradictory nature of his personality, he created unique buildings, whose eccentricity influenced the development of 20th century architecture and brought the author the glory of an architectural revolutionary.
In the sculpture, the architect is imprinted in his characteristic image: a lanky man in a strict suit and round horn-rimmed glasses, a bow tie on his neck. Sitting on a chair in the most imposing posture that can be conceived for a person in the middle of the sidewalk, the bronze Le Corbusier examines the “ideal city” project drawn on the granite slab, the idea of which he tried on different cities - including Moscow. Interestingly, the shape of the pedestal also refers to the work of Le Corbusier. It consists of two plates: the lower one lies on the sidewalk - the plan of the “ideal city” is inscribed on it, while the upper one is made in the form of a remote console, as if hanging in the air. The layout of the plates demonstrates one of the characteristic techniques of the architect, who often used volumes-blocks elevated above the ground.
Address: Myasnitskaya st., 41
Monument to the Hero of the Soviet Union Gastello Nikolai Frantsevich in Moscow
Gastello Monument is a memorial dedicated to the famous pilot of the Great Patriotic War, Hero of the Soviet Union, Nikolai Frantsevich Gastello, who died on the fourth day of the war, sending his plane to a column of fascist tanks. The monument was erected in 1985 in Moscow, at the beginning of Gastello Street (Sokolniki district), not far from its intersection with Rusakovskaya Street.
Monument to N.F. Gastello is a bronze bust of the pilot, flying helmet on his head, glasses, and behind the sculpture of the head there are flames. The bust is mounted on a pedestal, made in the form of a cylindrical column tapering downwards, where two granite wings are located. At the top of the column there is an inscription in large letters "Gastello".
One day, while walking down the street Gastello, Boris Alekseevich Machkov decided that a monument was needed there that would perpetuate the heroic act of the pilot Gastello. At the district meeting the draft of the sculpture was presented, it was not missed; a number of comments were made. Boris Alekseevich took into account all the comments and created the image of Gastello, which to this day adorns the street of the same name. This sculpture, like many of his other sculptures, was donated to the Sokolniki district (from the memories of Nina Alekseevna’s younger sister).
Address: st. Gastello, 22
- Monument to Valentina Grizodubova in Moscow
The monument to Valentina Grizodubova, a military pilot, a hero of the Great Patriotic War who was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Hero of Socialist Labor, is installed on Kutuzovsky Prospekt, a historic road to the west along which invaders have always come to Russia, not far from other monuments of military glory, which Kutuzovsky Prospect is rich in: Victory Park, the Triumphal Arch, the Borodino Panorama and the monument to Kutuzov.
The bronze figure of the celebrated female pilots, mounted on a granite pedestal with a commemorative inscription, is located at the entrance to the Moscow Research Institute of Instrument Engineering (now the Radio Engineering Concern "Vega"), where Gryzodubova worked for a long time. The legendary woman is depicted in uniform flight overalls, in which she performed combat missions.
Address: Kutuzovsky Ave., 34s12
Monument to Marshal K.K. Rokossovsky in Moscow
The monument depicts K. K. Rokossovsky on horseback — in the form commanded by the Victory Parade in Moscow on June 24, 1945. The Russian military-historical society initiated the creation of the monument. In the competition for the project of the monument, the work of A.I. Rukavishnikov won. The opening of the monument to Rokossovsky is a continuation of the tradition of renaming Moscow streets in honor of the defenders of the capital during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.
Rokossovsky Konstantin Konstantinovich (Ksaveryevich) (1896-1968) is Soviet military leader and statesman, one of the most prominent commanders of the Second World War.
In the memory of people communicating with K.K. Rokossovsky, he remained as a tall, stately, charming man, sincere and intelligent. G.K. Zhukov noted: "It is difficult for me to remember a more thorough, hardworking and gifted person."
Address: Marshal Rokossovsky Blvd, 12
- Monument to Nizami Ganjavi in Moscow
The monument to the medieval poet (XII century) Nizami Ganjavi is installed in Lenotievsky Lane, in the square of the house number 16, which is occupied by the Azerbaijani Embassy. Since the city of Ganja, where the poet was born and lived, is located on the territory of modern Azerbaijan (although the state itself did not exist in the 12th century), Azerbaijanis are entitled to consider Ganjavi to be their Azerbaijani poet.
Nizami is depicted in traditional oriental dress, sitting with books in his hands. On the pedestal there is an inscription in Russian: "Nizami Ganjavi".
Nizami Ganjavi is one of the most eminent poets of the medieval East. He was not just a poet, but also a humanist philosopher. They say about him like this: "Ganjavi united the pre-Islamic and Islamic East in his works."
The most famous works of Nizami Ganjavi: "Seven Beauties", "Leyli and Majnun", "Iskander-name".
Address: Leontievsky per. d.16
Monument to Ataman Matvey Platov in Moscow
One of the attractions of the park Cossack glory in Lefortovo is a monument erected in honor of the ataman of the Great Don Matvey Platov. Commander of cavalry regiments, he became famous during the battles of the war of 1812 with the army of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Not far from the monument in honor of Matvey Platov there are numerous historical and architectural monuments: the Catherine Palace, the Officers' Club, the Red Barracks. In addition, in the South-Eastern district of Moscow there is a community of Old Believers, one of the largest in the capital, which is also symbolic, because the famous Cossack general supported the Old Believers. In one of the temples in the Rogozhskaya settlement there is a camp canvas cloth, which was presented to the parishioners by M.I. Platov personally.
The author of the sculpture was K. Chernyavsky, who portrayed Platov after defeating the enemy. He stands, having taken off his shako, next to a horse of the Don breed. His hand is on his chest, and his eyes are thoughtful, as if with a pain in his heart, he recalls the dead comrades. The monument is cast from bronze and mounted on a granite pedestal. On the front of the pedestal there is a cartouche with the inscription "Donskoy Ataman, cavalry general, Count Matvey Ivanovich Platov." The left part of the pedestal is decorated with a sculptural image of the attack of the Cossack troops, on the right - the triumphal entry of the Cossacks into Paris. The upper part is decorated with a map with the directions of the Cossacks during the war of 1812-1814.
Address: 1st Krasnokursansky Ave, 3/5
Monument to the Russian guardsman of the Semenov regiment in Moscow
The opening of the monument to the Semyonov guards in Moscow took place on October 11, 2008 and was timed to the 325th anniversary of the Semenov regiment. The monument became the second monument of the capital, established in honor of the guardsmen of the Petrine era. In 2005, a monument to the soldier of the Preobrazhensky regiment S. L. Bukhvostov was opened on Preobrazhenskaya Square.
The monument is installed on Semenovskaya Square - the territory of the former Semenovskaya settlement. The regiment, formed in 1683 in the suburban village of Semenov, originally bore the name of "funny Semenovtsy", from 1687 was called the Semenov regiment, from 1700 - the Life Guards Semenov regiment.
The regiment participated in the Kozhukhov maneuvers (1694), the Azov campaigns (1695, 1696), during the Northern War participated in the Narva campaign (1700), the storming of Noteburg (1702), the Battle of Lesnoy (1708), the Poltava battle (1709).
The full-length bronze figure of a guard in the uniform of the Semenov regiment is placed on a high pedestal of light gray granite, having the shape of a truncated pyramid with a square at the base. Semyonovtsy relies on fusee, his left hand holds a telescope.
The metal cartouche on the front side of the pedestal is decorated with attributes of military glory - crossed branches of laurel and oak and flowing sash. Under the relief image of the coat of arms of Russia a text made in gold overlays is placed: “Monument to the Russian Guardsman / Semenov Regiment / We faithfully served under the Russian tsars / fought with glory and honor in battles / fear the enemies of our old flags / Russia has known us since the time of Peter / (From the regimental song of the Semenov regiment). On a similar board, mounted on the reverse side of the pedestal, under the emblem of Moscow is the text of the following content: “Established in 2008 / in honor of the memory of the Russian Guard. / For courage and heroism shown in campaigns / and battles / 1700-1721. - Northern War / 1805 - Austerlitz / 1812 - Patriotic War - Borodino / 1828-1829 - Russian-Turkish war / 1941-1945 - The Great Patriotic War".
Address: Semenovskiy per., 21
Monument to Andrei Rublev in Moscow
Andrei Rublev, a Russian icon painter and master of monumental painting, was canonized in 1988. Shortly before this event, in 1985, a monument to this great artist was erected at the entrance to the territory of the Museum of Old Russian Art.
Place of installation of the monument was not chosen by chance. In the XIV century, the Spaso-Andronikov monastery was located in the walls of today's museum, in which the famous icon painter served as a monk, creating wall murals and icons. Here Rublev was buried under the building of the bell tower.
The sculpture is made of bronze and depicts Rublev at work. Currently, the museum stores works belonging to the icon painter, restored by museum staff. Today the collection of the museum is constantly updated with old icons that are collected from all over the country.
Address: Andronevskaya Square, 10
Monument to Taras Shevchenko in Moscow
The monument to the most famous representative of the Ukrainian nation, Taras Shevchenko, “grew up” near the Ukraine Hotel in 1964. The construction of the monument was initiated by N.S. Khrushchev, also a Ukrainian by nationality, who at that time led a huge country.
The sculpture has a height of 5.6 meters and is installed on a pedestal made of granite. The poet himself here looks bright, expressive, winged ... The authors of the project managed to give it certain dynamism. At the same time, the sculpture seems to be grown into the ground, which, according to the plan of architects, should personify the connection of the poet with his native land and the common people.
There is one legend that explains why such a large monument to an outstanding Ukrainian cultural figure appeared on the Moscow Embankment. The fact is that in 1963, Nikita Khrushchev learned that the Shevchenko monument was planned to be opened in Washington. After that, the odious leader of the USSR urgently announced a competition for the creation of a similar monument in Moscow. As a result, in the capital of the Soviet Union, a monument to Shevchenko was opened 8 days earlier than in the United States. Thus, even in this area, two superpowers competed with each other! And in this case, Nikita Sergeevich really "caught up and overtook ..."
Another interesting detail: an exact copy of the Moscow monument adorns the city of Mirgorod in the poet's homeland.
Address: Taras Shevchenko emb.
Sculpture composition “Requiem. 1941. To my classmates who died in the war” in Moscow
On June 22, 1971 in the courtyard of the school number 110 named after Miguel Hernandez a monument was opened (sculptor D. Yu. Mitlyansky, architects E. A. Rosenblum, P. I. Skokan). The monument to the sculpture depicts classmates of the author Yuri Divilkovsky, Igor Kuptsov, Igor Bogushevsky, Grigory Rodin and Gabor Raab. On the pedestal the inscription was made: “Be the worth of memory of the fallen. 1941-1945”.
In the winter of 1993, the monument was reconstructed (the dimensions of the sculptures were reduced) and mounted on the wall of the school building, which overlooks Kzhovny Lane. The authors of the reconstruction project are D.Yu. Mitlyansky and B.S. Markus.
Address: Stolovy per., 10/2
- Monument to the 100th anniversary of long-range aviation in Moscow
Monument to Long-Range Aviation Pilots was opened in the Maiden Field Park on November 12, 2014 to the 100th anniversary of Long-Range Aviation. The Day of Long-Range Aviation in Russia is celebrated on December 23: on this day in 1914, Emperor Nicholas II approved the decision to form a squadron of heavy aircraft, which included the first Russian long-range bombers Ilya Muromets.
The sculpture depicts 3 aviators of different epochs: the pilot of the First World War, the Soviet pilot of the Great Patriotic War with orders on his chest and the modern Russian pilot. The figures are depicted in the authentic form of their time. Similarly, the location of the pilot’s figures on the sculpture depicts the bombers of their respective epochs: "Ilya of Murom", Pe-8 and Tu-160. Pilots stand on the background of the globe, which is framed by a wreath of oak leaves and the motto of long-range aviation pilots: "Mastery. Bravery. Dignity. Honor." The composition is crowned by a two-headed eagle.
As planned, the sculpture symbolizes the 3 epochs of development of the domestic Long-Range Aviation and demonstrates the continuity between different generations of Russian pilots and air combat vehicles.
The authors of the monument are the sculptor Salavat Shcherbakov and the architect Igor Voskresensky. The monument was erected on the initiative of the Command and the Council of Veterans of Long-Range Aviation with the participation of the Russian Military Historical Society; the square of the Maiden's Field was chosen as an installation site not by chance: the headquarters of the Long-Range Aviation is located here.
Address: Maiden Field Square
Monument to Marina Tsvetaeva in Moscow
The monument to the poetess Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva is located in Borisoglebsky lane. The monument was opened to the 115th anniversary of the poetess. The place to install the monument was not chosen by chance - Marina Tsvetaeva lived in the house opposite for eight years. In this house, which she loved very much, her happiest years of life passed. The poet has devoted many poems to this house. From this house she went into exile, leaving the city, which she loved, where she was born.
The monument to Marina Tsvetaeva is not only a tribute to the talent of the poet, but also a monument to a person who glorified Russian language forever.
The sculptor is Nina Matveyeva, the architects are Sergey Buritsky and Alexander Dubovsky.
Address: Borisoglebsky lane
Monument to Alexander Blok in Moscow
The famous Russian poet, author of the “Twelve” and poems about the Fair Lady, Alexander Blok was born in St. Petersburg and spent his whole life there. His wife Lyubov Mendeleeva was also born and lived in the northern capital, but the poet and his Fair Lady met at the estate of Shakhmatovo near Moscow, located near Solnechnogorsk and belonged to the mother’s poet’s grandfather Andrey Beketov. In the estate, Alexander Blok spent the summer months, and his future spouse and muse rested in the nearby Boblovo estate, which belonged to her father, the famous chemist Dmitry Mendeleev.
In Moscow, Alexander Alexandrovich and Lyubov Dmitrievna spent two weeks after the wedding in January 1904. Then they stopped at Spiridonovka, in the apartment of the poet Sergei Solovyov, Blok’s second cousin. Here Alexander Blok met another poet Andrei Bely, who, like Blok, is called one of the most prominent representatives of symbolism. Next to this house on Spiridonovka in 1993 a monument to the poet was erected.
The author of the monument is the famous sculptor and artist Oleg Komov. They also created monuments to other famous writers (Pushkin, Saltykov-Shchedrin, Lermontov), artists, science and politics. One of his works - a monument to Yaroslav the Wise in Yaroslavl - is depicted on the thousandth banknote. Monument to Blok was one of the last works of the sculptor. Also architect Vladilen Krasilnikov took part in the work on these monuments.
Address: st. Spiridonovka, 6
Poklonny cross in honor of St. Euphrosyne in Moscow
The memorial cross in honor of the patron saint of Moscow, St. Euphrosyne, is made in the form of the Novgorod cross with the ends enclosed in a circle. The memorial cross is one of the types of Templar crosses, made of black stone. In the center of the cross you can see the image of St. Euphrosyne of white stone.
On the pedestal of the worship cross there is a gilded commemorative inscription, “This worshiped cross was installed with the blessing of His Holiness Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia in the summer of 2012 from Christ in memory of St. Patroness Euphrosyne of Moscow - in the world Grand Duchess of Moscow Eudoxia Dmitrievna (1353-1407), by the will of which, in 1395, the miraculous Vladimir icon of the Mother of God was transferred to Moscow, saving Russia from the invasion of Tamerlane. ”
A memorial cross in honor of the patron saint of Moscow, St. Euphrosyne, was installed on Rozhdestvensky Boulevard, opposite the house number 12 in 2012.
Address: Rozhdestvensky Boulevard
Monument to N. K. Krupskaya in Moscow
Sretensky Boulevard in Moscow is decorated with monuments imbued with a revolutionary spirit. Some of them are dedicated to Nadezhda Krupskaya, the wife of the great revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin.
The monument is a figure of a young girl who stands in the middle of the public garden and is wrapped in a huge scarf, trying to hide from the cold. The statue was made in 1975, when softer and romantic images came into vogue, and the old, “severe” style became obsolete.
As conceived by the author, young Nadezhda timidly but firmly takes the first steps in a new state. The face of the revolutionary is the main expression of that time, sullen decisiveness and firmness: "We will not stand for the price."
Behind the monument there are two large stone slabs that look like open doors, from which a girl comes out.
In fact, Nadezhda Krupskaya played a significant role in the revolutionary-democratic movement. Being a zealous adherent of radical views, she was also a moral support for the leader of the revolution.
Address: Sretensky Boulevard, 1
Monument to K.E. Tsiolkovsky in Moscow
The monument to Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky (installed in 1964 by sculptor A.P. Faydysh-Krandievsky), located at the foot of the famous Monument to the Conquerors of the Cosmos, is not immediately noticeable to numerous visitors of the VDNH. Meanwhile, without this unique and surprising scientist, perhaps, there would not be such a bright take-off of the national astronautics. So let us turn to the sources of great scientific achievements.
Few know that the great scientist was self-taught. For unknown reasons, without having become a student at the Moscow Higher Technical School, he spent days and hours studying the exact sciences in the Chertkovo Public Library. Meanwhile, he then lived ninety kopecks a month, after 3 days buying bread for nine kopecks. From 1873 to 1876, Tsiolkovsky mastered almost the entire university program and could start working as a provincial teacher. So it happened that the Great Russian thinker worked on his brilliant ideas in Vyatka, in Ryazan, in a small provincial Borovsk, and for the last 40 years in Kaluga.
The next time Tsiolkovsky arrived in Moscow only in 1887. At a meeting of the Physics Department of the Society of Natural Science Lovers in the Polytechnic Museum in the presence of N. Ye. Zhukovsky and A. G. Stoletov, he talks about the project of a full-metal frameless airship. As a result, in 1892, the first book of K.E. Tsiolkovsky's “Metal controlled balloon” was published in Moscow.
Tsiolkovsky once again arrived in Moscow in 1903. "Scientific Review" prints one of the most important works of Tsiolkovsky - "The study of world spaces with jet instruments," in which the scientist for the first time demonstrates the reality of the use of liquid fuel rockets, hydrogen and oxygen, for flights into space.
In 1923, Tsiolkovsky lectures at the Academy of the Air Fleet, in 1925 speaks at a dispute in the Polytechnic Museum, in 1926 participates in the discussion of his own dirigible project, and in 1932 in Moscow there are anniversary celebrations on the occasion of his 75th birthday.
Three years later, the great scientist was gone, and after 26 years the ship "Vostok" soared into the sky with Yuri Gagarin on board, proving the truth of the scientific aspirations of Tsiolkovsky.
Monument to N. G. Chernyshevsky in Moscow
The monument to Nikolai Gavrilovich Chernyshevsky, a philosopher, revolutionary, literary critic, writer, was opened in 1988. The monument was installed in the park, next to the street Pokrovka, which previously bore his name.
One of the founders of populism, Chernyshevsky became widely known not only because of his social activities, but also as the author of the novel “What is to be done?”, Which brought him the most popularity.
The monument to Chernyshevsky is located on a circular platform in the middle of the square, which forms the main part of the Pokrovsky Gate area. The bronze monument is located on a low granite slab.
The author of the monument, sculptor Yu.G. Neroda, portrayed him thoughtful and focused. Chernyshevsky is sitting on a bench, one hand is on his knee, and the other is on top of it. A little sloppy hairstyle, round glasses on the nose and traditional clothes of that time - a lionfish.
Behind the sculpture there is a granite wall with "mooring" rings, on the side there are low parapets. Where lanes adjoin the site, there are four lanterns stylized as lamps of the 19th century.
Address: Pokrovsky Gate Square
Monument to Fyodor Cherenkov in Moscow
The monument to the legendary football player of the Moscow “Spartak” and the USSR national team Fyodor Cherenkov was opened on Monday at Spartak Stadium in Moscow.
The sculpture of Fyodor Cherenkov is made of bronze: it is depicted as a 24-year-old; just at this age in 1983 the football player was recognized as the best in the USSR. The monument was authored by Philip Rukavishnikov, who had previously executed the monument to the Starostin brothers, which was installed at the Discovery Arena in 2014.
In addition to the monument to Fyodor Cherenkov, a mosaic with the image of the legendary Spartak football player was also opened on the southern stand of the stadium.
“We always got real pleasure from Cherenkov’s game,” recalls Nikita Simonyan, vice president of the RFU. “His contribution to the Spartak style of play is priceless. It was an amazing person. He was modest. He didn’t enter one door without knocking, although he could open any of them with my foot. "
Fedor Cherenkov began the career in “Spartacus” at age 18. Already in his first full season, Cherenkov won the USSR championship in 1979, repeating this achievement in 1987 and 1989.
In 1983 and 1989, Cherenkov was recognized as the best football player in the country. In 1990, together with Spartak’s long-time partner Sergei Rodionov, who now heads the Cherenkov Academy, the footballer left for France, where he never managed to play successfully as part of the Red Star club. Returning back, Cherenkov, in his 34 years, had a great 1993 season in Spartak, became the champion of Russia, and then ended his career.
Fyodor Cherenkov holds the record for the number of matches played for Spartak (515). Cherenkov played 34 matches for the USSR national team and scored 12 goals. Cherenkov died at the age of 56 on the night of October 4, 2014.
Address: Volokolamskoye Highway 69
Monument to Alexander Suvorov in Moscow
The sculptor Oleg Komov, while creating the monument to Alexander Suvorov, tried to adhere to the traditions of realism and take into account all the minor nuances of his image. So, Suvorov is depicted with only one Order of St. Anne - and in his life the great commander, who had other awards, usually wore only it. Also Oleg Komov exactly conveyed the features of Suvorov's appearance and character.
Other authors portrayed Suvorov with great pathos, in particular, the author of the monument in St. Petersburg Mikhail Kozlovsky portrayed the commander in the image of the god of war Mars, which, however, was in line with the spirit of the end of the XVIII century and the trends adopted in the art of the time.
In Moscow, a monument to Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov was erected on the square, which has been bearing his name since the 90s of the last century. The square is located in the Meshchansky district of the Central Administrative District of Moscow. Among its landmarks, in addition to the monument to Suvorov, there is also a monument to Mikhail Frunze by Yevgeny Vuchetich, samples of Stalinist architecture, the Saltykov estate of the 18th-19th centuries.
The decision that the monument to Alexander Suvorov is necessary for the capital was made by the USSR Council of Ministers in 1977. Three years later, the 250th anniversary of the commander's birthday was celebrated, and a competition was held in which the project of Oleg Komov and architect Veniamin Nesterov won. The statue and the pedestal were made in just two years, and in February 1982, the grand opening of the monument took place.
Address: Suvorov Square 2, Building 1
Monument to Anton Chekhov in Moscow
The surnames of many famous writers, cultural and art figures are connected with the history of Kamergersky Lane, but only some of them were erected in the alley monuments. This honor was awarded to the writer and playwright Anton Chekhov and the founders of the Moscow Art Theater Konstantin Stanislavsky and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko. The monument to the founders of the Maly Art Academic Theater was installed in September 2014, and the monument to Anton Chekhov - in 1998. Its installation was dedicated to the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Moscow Art Theater.
The troupe of the theater, next to which is a monument, in the late 80s of the last century, was divided into two parts. One of them began to be called the Small Art Theater named after Gorky, the second - the name of Chekhov. It is worth noting that at the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries, plays written by Anton Pavlovich made up the repertoire "core" of the theater. Some of the works Chekhov wrote specifically for the Moscow Art Theater stage are the plays The Seagull, The Three Sisters, The Cherry Orchard and Uncle Vanya. The image of the seagull on the curtain was one of the symbols of the theater.
In 2013, the head of the Chekhov Theater Oleg Tabakov proposed to move the monument to the writer to a more suitable place closer to Bolshaya Dmitrovka.
Address: Kamergersky lane, 4с1
- Monument to dog Laika in Moscow
Not far from the Institute of Military Medicine there is a sculpture commemorating the memory of the first living creature that went into space - a dog named Laika.
This monument is made of bronze in the form of a large rocket, turning into an open palm, on which a figurine of a dog is mounted. Little fearless pooch openly and proudly looks at the world, not even knowing what a terrible fate awaited her. It was known in advance that Laika would not return from flight alive, if only because at that time they had not yet developed a landing technology for a satellite in which a passenger in it survives. It was supposed that Laika would spend a week in orbit, but the dog died from overheating a couple of hours after takeoff. The details of the Laika flight and its death were carefully hidden, and they officially announced that they had to put the dog to put down after landing.
Remarkably, the monument to the dog-cosmonaut Laika is set in a museum located on the island of Crete. Well, in our homeland cartoons and songs are devoted to her. It is believed that the monument to Laika brings good luck: stroke it, put a modest flower on a pedestal, and much should be improved in your life.
Address: Petrovsko-Razumovskaya Alley, 12a
- Monument Blessed in centuries the friendship of the peoples of Russia and Armenia ("Single Cross") in Moscow
The Monument Blessed in centuries, the friendship of the peoples of Russia and Armenia (the author’s name is “The Single Cross”) was opened on August 29, 1997, on the days of the 850th anniversary of Moscow. The monument was presented to Moscow for the 850th anniversary of the capital by its Armenian community, which has existed for more than three hundred years. Sculptors: Lenin Prize winner Fried Sogoyan and Vahe Sogoyan.
The Monument Blessed in centuries, the friendship of the peoples of Russia and Armenia is a symbol of friendship between two great nations, Russian and Armenian, is a statue of white marble, two female figures clinging to each other, and between them is a cross. They are united by common fate and pain, common hope, and together they protect the cross, the symbol of age-old friendship and spirituality. Two female figures personify the friendship of Russia and Armenia, held together by the eternal power of "common faith".
The monument is made of white stone and located under the firs; the monument looks very tender and touching. It is located in a cozy public garden in the very center of Moscow near the benches, which make it possible to sit, relax and admire the view of the monument.
The history of Russian-Armenian relations has ancient traditions. It can be described as a constant rapprochement between the two peoples. For centuries, Russia has played an important role in the fate of the Armenian people. We have no right to limit the history of our friendship to the achievements of the past, and our goal is to pass on to our descendants the experience and fruits of this cooperation, thus laying the foundation for future relationships based on the principles of Christian love, brotherhood and mutual understanding.
Address: st. Bolshaya Nikitskaya, d. 36
Monument First Satellite in Moscow
On October 4, 1957, Soviet scientists launched the first artificial Earth satellite into space. A new, space era began. The successful launch of an artificial satellite of the Earth went down in history as the first step in the conquest of outer space by mankind.
At the ground station lobby of the Moscow metro station "Rizhskaya" there is a monument called "First Satellite". It appeared here in 1985. The authors of this work are the architect VN Kartsev and the sculptor S. Ya. Kovner.
The seven-meter bronze sculpture is a full-length worker's figure, which holds a spherical figure in its hands - the first artificial satellite of the earth. The monument is dedicated to an important milestone in the development of human space. The hands of the worker are wide open; the clothes “flutter” in the wind. With one foot, he relies on a stone block, which allows the monument to be perceived not as static, but with full movement.
The pedestal, on which the sculpture is located, is decorated with a laudatory inscription: “To the creators of the first satellite of the Earth” and marked the year of this significant event - 1957. This monument was depicted on the USSR stamp.
By the way, a similar composition was established in the city of Rostov-on-Don on one of the main squares.
Address: Riga Sq.
Monument to Rabindranath Tagore in Moscow
Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) is a Indian writer, poet, composer and social activist, whose work has formed the literature and music of Bengal. Raised in the key of humanism and love for the Motherland, Tagore spoke in favor of the independence of India and, in addition to lyrical works, wrote essays and novels on social and political themes.
The writer became the first non-European awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature (1913). Today, Tagore’s verses are hymns of India and Bangladesh.
The monument to Rabindranath Tagore (sculptor Gautam Pal, architect Yuri Konovalov, engineer Victor Korsi) is a gift from India to Moscow, established in 1991 in the Friendship Park on the Leningrad highway.
Address: Festivalnaya st., 3
Monument to Muslim Magomayev in Moscow
In 2009, the next year after the death of Muslim Magomayev, the Moscow City Duma commission on monumental art decided to erect a monument in Moscow in Leontievsky Lane. It was assumed that the work will be funded by Crocus International (now the Crocus Group), after which the monument will be donated to Moscow. The place where the monument was installed was not chosen by chance: it is located next to the Azerbaijani embassy, not far from the house where the singer lived.
On February 3, 2010, a foundation stone was laid in Moscow on the site of the future monument - a granite cube with carved words:
A monument to an eminent singer and musician Muslim Magomayev will be erected here.
Widow Tamara Sinyavskaya, Elena Obraztsova, Lyubov Sliska, President of Crocus International Aras Agalarov and friends of Muslim Magomayev took part in laying the stone.
A year later, on September 15, 2011, the grand opening of the monument took place. The ceremony was attended by the Minister of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan, Abulfaz Karayev, Elena Obraztsova, Bedros Kirkorov, Yevgeny Gerasimov, Yuri Nikolaev, Tatyana Tarasova, and the author of the monument, Alexander Rukavishnikov.
The monument was created by sculptor A. I. Rukavishnikov and architect I. N. Voskresensky. The widow of singer Tamara Ilyinichna Sinyavskaya also took part in the creation of the monument. At her insistence, Muslim Magomayev is depicted young - the way he remembered the audience, although Rukavishnikov planned to portray him as tragically sad. The monument was cast in bronze and set on a granite pedestal. The whole composition is on the site of polished granite, made in the form of a grand piano. At the sidewalk in front of the monument granite balls were placed.
Address: Voznesensky Lane, 16
- Monument to Vladimir Vysotsky in Moscow
The monument to Vladimir Vysotsky on Strastnoy Boulevard was installed in 1995 - the fifteenth anniversary of the death of the Russian poet, bard, theater and film actor. It was solemnly opened on the Petrovsky Gates Square, contrary to the words from one of his songs, “they will not erect a monument in the park, somewhere near the Petrovsky Gates ...”.
It is symbolic that in sculpture there is no such detail as the band on which the guitar should hold. It seems that the instrument is mysteriously glued to the back of the artist. In symbolic terms, this can be read, as the inextricable link of his soul and songs, music.
The sculptor of the monument to Vladimir Vysotsky Raspopov portrayed the poet with his arms spread out in different directions and his head turned towards the sky. Behind his back there is a constant companion of his life - an acoustic guitar. Seats are located around the pedestal; it seems that the bard is standing on the stage of the ancient amphitheater. At the monument on Strastnoy Boulevard almost always there are flowers.
Address: Strastnoy Boulevard, 15 a
Monument Fairy of Accounting in Moscow
In the heart of Sokolniki Park, a graceful girl soars with abacus in her hand, the personification of the accounting profession. The fairy is cast from bronze and covered with gold, and its honeycombs are made of shiny cubes shimmering in the sun. Each cube is a piece of work for an accountant. There are many of them, but they are arranged in strict order. In addition, the main accounting terms are applied to cubes - debit, credit, balance, balance, profit, etc. The guests of the park already have their own sign: if you rub a cube with the inscription "Money", then there will always be order with cash.
Every tree, every bench in the Money Garden resembles the attributes of accounting work. So, the Fairy is surrounded by spherical shrubs - a reminder of the knuckles of an account. And at the entrance to the garden, guests are greeted by bushes of trimmed thuja: a rectangular perimeter and cylindrical "buttons". This is a reminder of a more modern accountant tool, a calculator. Along the avenue there are benches on which financial aphorisms flaunt: "Only philosophers and accountants calmly relate to money", "Making money is courage, saving it is wisdom, and spending is art."
A special decoration of the garden is a hedge with two carved metal inserts in the form of trees. Another sign: if you tie a ribbon to a branch and tell the garden about your dream, everything will come true. A prerequisite is that desire must be material.
Address: Maysky prosek, 2 building 1
Resting Pushkin in Moscow
In the courtyard of the workshop of the famous sculptor A. Rukavishnikov located not far from the New Arbat there is a very curious monument to Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin.
We are accustomed to the fact that figures made in the form of monuments of celebrities are standing, walking, or sitting. This monument is notable for the fact that Alexander Sergeevich lies on the couch in a very relaxed position with his legs thrown back.
The creator of the monument to the resting Pushkin Rukavishnikov is no less famous in Moscow than Zurab Tsereteli. He is the author of many Moscow monuments: Yuri Nikulin, in front of the circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard, Vysotsky at the Vagankovsky Cemetery, Dostoevsky and other prominent cultural and art figures. The famous poet, made in bronze, is clearly immersed in his own thoughts and rests, having renounced all the pressing problems.
Address: st. Bolshaya Molchanovka, 10
Monument to the Zamoskvorechye militia in Moscow
More than 18,000 people left the area for the Great Patriotic War.
On April 24, 2015, at 15-00, a monument to the Zamoskvorechye militia of 1941-1942 was unveiled on Novokuznetskaya Street. The author of the monument is the national artist of Russia Salavat Aleksandrovich Shcherbakov, who created more than 40 monuments, most of which are located in Moscow.
Address: st. Novokuznetskaya, 33
Monument to Osip Mandelstam in Moscow
A monument to the poet Osip Emilievich Mandelstam was opened in Moscow in 2008 on October 28 on the eve of the tragic date - the 70th anniversary of his tragic death, which falls on December 27.
The winners of the competition for the installation of a bust monument announced in 2007 were won by sculptors Dmitry Mikhailovich Shakhovskoy and Elena Vladimirovna Munts. The architect was Alexander Savich Brodsky.
The composition of the monument-bust is made of bronze and four black basalt cubes, composed into a pedestal. The look of the bronze poet, proud and happy, is directed upwards. An association is being created that the poet as if ponders what he read, or concentrates on listening to the new poetic lines sounding in his soul.
On the front plane of the pedestal, the verse lines of Mandelstam himself are carved obliquely: “For explosive valor from the coming centuries.”
Osip Emilevich was born in 1891 in Warsaw. He became one of the pioneers of such a direction in literature as Acmeism. He is the author of collections of poems "Tristia" and "Second Book", as well as the stories "The Egyptian Mark" and "The Noise of Time".
In Moscow, a lot of places are associated with the life of the poet. One of them was chosen for the installation of the monument - in the public garden at the corner of Zabelin Street, where his brother lived in the house number 3 in a communal apartment, and Starosadsky Lane.
It is worth noting that the monument-bust of Osip Mandelstam in Moscow was the third established in the country, after Vladivostok and Voronezh.
The monument organically fit into the usual for that era urban environment, where old trees still remain untouched, which, perhaps, remember this talented poet.
Address: Zabelina st., 5
Monument to Korolev in Moscow
The monument to Sergei Korolev is a monument to a Soviet scientist, design engineer, chief organizer of the production of rocket and space technology and rocket weapons in the USSR, the founder of practical cosmonautics, Sergei Korolev. Established in 2008 on the Cosmonauts Alley. The authors of the project, which was developed for a year and a half, are sculptors Salavat and Sergey Shcherbakov, as well as architects Kuzmin Alexander and Igor Voskresensky. The work was financed by the International Union of Scientific and Engineering Public Associations and the Government of Moscow.
The five-meter bronze statue depicts a scientist looking into the distance to his full height and with his left hand set aside. The sculpture was installed on a granite pedestal with bas-reliefs of the first artificial Earth satellite in orbit, the Vostok rocket took off and the cosmonaut took off for the first time in the world in outer space.
In 2006, the commission on monumental art agreed on the installation of the monument, until then the Moscow authorities had applied for its construction, but they were refused. The Commission changed the decision after studying a detailed plan for the reconstruction of the Alley of Astronauts, the monument was timed to the centenary of the birth of Korolev (1906 old style and 1907 new). The Moscow government ordered the sculpture to be installed in 2007, but the opening of the monument took place only on September 3, 2008, together with the renovated memorial complex.
Address: Cosmonauts Alley
Monument to E.F. Gnesina in Moscow
The monument to E.F. Gnesina was installed in front of the building of the Concert building of the Russian Academy of Music named after the Gnesins in Moscow. The sculptural composition, the author of which was the national artist of Russia A.N. Burganov, creates a vivid image - the plastic of the movements of the pianist turns into “flying” music.
The solemn opening of the monument took place on September 22, 2007 and was dedicated to the 130th anniversary of the amazing Russian pianist and enlightener - Elena Fabianovna Gnesina. This event also coincided with the 60th anniversary of the music school created by the Gnesin sisters.
It was Elena Gnesina who developed a unique technique for children learning to play the piano. At various times A. Khachaturian, L. Oborin and many others became her students. It is impossible to ignore the fantasy of the author of the monument, by which the image of the pianist was conveyed - the girl sitting at the winged piano creates a feeling of musical flight.
Address: Small Rzhevsky per., 1
Monument to Rasul Gamzatov in Moscow
The monument to the national poet of Dagestan, the Hero of Socialist Labor and the laureate of Lenin, international and state awards Rasul Gamzatov in Makhachkala is one of the main attractions of the city. The grand opening of the monument to the Dagestan poet took place after his death in September 2010. Earlier, the monuments to Rasul Gamzatov were erected in Moscow and in his homeland in the mountain aul of Tsad.
The opening of the monument in Makhachkala was timed to the traditional holiday dedicated to the poet - Gamzatov Days. The ceremony was attended by a huge number of admirers of the poet.
Rasul Gamzatovich Gamzatov was born in 1923 in the Avar village of Tsad in the family of the national Dagestan poet Gamzat Tsadasy. He began to write prose works and poems at the age of nine. In 1943 he published his first book, written in Avar language. In 1947 a collection was published in Russian. In addition, the poet was engaged in active social activities. R. Gamzatov died on November 3, 2003.
The bronze monument is located on the street that bears the name of R. Gamzatov, near the building of the Russian Drama Theater named after M. Gorky not by chance. According to his works, a lot of performances and ballets were staged; besides, some verses of Rasul Gamzatov became famous hits of such Soviet pop stars as S. Rotaru, I. Kobzon, M. Bernes, V. Leontyev and many others.
The creative work of R. Gamzatov played a large role in the development of Dagestan literature and other genres of art - painting, cinema, theater, sculpture, music and book graphics. The poet’s significant contribution to the development of world and national literature, to the strengthening of international friendship and great services to his homeland were marked by the most prestigious awards and titles, as well as high public and state awards.
Address: Blvd. Yauzsky
Monument to A. Tolstoy in Moscow
The monument to A. Tolstoy was erected in Moscow, in the square in front of the main entrance to the Great Ascension Temple, on Bolshaya Nikitinskaya Street. The grand opening of the monument to the writer, cast in bronze and installed on a small pedestal of black Labrador, was held on July 3, 1957. The authors of the project were the sculptor G. I. Motovilov and the architect L. M. Polyakov.
The figure of the writer, sitting in a chair with the same pencil in his hand, according to the author, reflects the spirit of hard work of thought and creative flight. Looking closer, you can see an unexpected edge of the image, with all, seemingly the standard composition of the monument. A relaxed, somewhat imposing posture of the writer, hairstyle, deliberate carelessness of clothes, inspired facial expression - all these features are more characteristic of young, impetuous authors, novice writers of the Silver Age. But it is the author of the concept of “monumental realism,” the luminary of Russian literature, which gives the monument a special character.
Address: Bolshaya Nikitinskaya Street
Monument to Vasily Surikov in Moscow
A monument to the artist Vasily Ivanovich Surikov was opened in Moscow in 2003. The ceremony was attended by the then mayor of Moscow, Yuri Luzhkov and Zurab Tsereteli, the president of the Academy of Arts.
The authors of the project are the sculptor Pereyaslavets Mikhail Vladimirovich and the architect Semenov Alexei Mikhailovich.
The sculptural composition is cast in bronze and mounted on a pedestal of red granite. Their height is 2.6 and 1.84 meters, respectively.
The sculptor captured Surikov with a proud bearing, noble features and an open look. This is not just a sculptor's fantasy in the transfer of the image, but a desire to show the real essence of the artist. Here it would be appropriate to quote the words of Maximilian Voloshin from his Biographical Materials:
"Surikov was of medium height, strong, broad-shouldered, youthful, despite the fact that he was under seventy... In his simple appearance, popular, but not peasant, he felt as strong, hardened: he was bound for the northern, Cossack ... ".
Next to the growth figure, on the pedestal, there are eternal companions of the artist - an easel, a palette, as well as brushes.
Vasily Ivanovich Surikov is a talented artist. He was especially famous for his large-scale paintings dedicated to historical figures and events. Among them there are Boyarya Morozova, Suvorov’s Crossing the Alps, Menshikov in Berezovo, Conquest of Siberia by Yermak Timofeyevich, Stepan Razin and many others.
Address: Prechistenka Str. 30
Monument to Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna in Moscow
The monument to Elizabeth Feodorovna Romanova was established on the territory of the Martha-Mariinsky Convent, founded by the Grand Duchess in 1909.
After the death of the spouse, Moscow Governor-General Sergei Alexandrovich (killed by the terrorist Ivan Kalyaev in 1905), Elizaveta Fyodorovna withdrew from social life, sold out family jewels and founded the monastery of sisters of charity with the proceeds.
In 1918, together with other members of the royal family, the princess was arrested, taken out of Moscow and shot near Alapayevsk. She is listed as a saint.
The monument is a figure of a fragile woman in monastic attire on a low pedestal. The inscription on the pedestal: "Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna with repentance." The monument was erected in 1990, when the activity of the monastery was not yet restored (this happened in 1992). The erection of the monument, one might say, served as the first sign of its revival.
Address: Bolshaya Ordynka St., 34
Monument to A.M. Gorky in Moscow
In 1951, one of the sights of Moscow appeared at the Belorussky railway station - a monument to Maxim Gorky. Sculptors - V. Mukhina, I. Shadr, N. Zelenskaya, Z. Ivanova. Architect monument - Z. Rosenfeld. Maxim Gorky is an outstanding writer, playwright and poet who worked at the turn of the 19-20 century. Few people know that "Maxim Gorky" is the pseudonym of the writer. His real name is Alexei Maksimovich Peshkov. However, the 4-sided pedestal of the monument contains the pseudonym of the great classic. From above, on the pedestal is a sculpture of Maxim Gorky, in an open coat with a cane and a hat in his hands. That was exactly how Gorky was remembered when he returned to Moscow from Italy in 1928.
Looking at the monument, it creates the feeling that Maxim Gorky was waiting for his return to his native land after a long separation. In 2005, due to the reconstruction of the Tverskaya Zastava Square, the monument was roughly dismantled and moved to the Museon Art Park, where it lay in snow and mud for over a year. Later, financial means were allocated for the reconstruction of the monument, and in 2007, the sculpture of Maxim Gorky took place in the Museum of Art Park on Krymsky Val. According to the authorities, after the completion of the reconstruction of the Tverskaya Zastava Square, the monument to Maxim Gorky will be moved to its original place.
Address: Belorussky Station
Monument to motorist heroes in Moscow
Monument to the heroes-motorists is installed on Leninsky Prospekt near the metro station "Troparevo".
The authors of the sculptural composition were the national artist of Russia, the sculptor Alexander Rukavishnikov and the honored architect of Russia Igor Voskresensky.
The center of the composition is the figure of the driver leaning on the steering wheel. Behind there is a granite wall with the names of workers in the transportation industry — war heroes. The names of 26 heroes of the Soviet Union and 49 heroes of Socialist Labor are carved on it. At the bottom of the memorial there are the main stages of transport development.
The monument was created at the expense of the city trade union of workers of automobile transport and road facilities, voluntary donations of transport enterprises of the capital, as well as ordinary citizens.
Address: Leninsky Ave.
Monument-bust to N.Ye. Zhukovsky in Moscow
The monument - a bust of Zhukovsky was opened in 1953 on the Sparrow Hills on the Alley of Scientists, created by sculptor M. G. Manizer.
From the main building to the slope of Sparrow Hills there is a spacious alley with rose bushes and a pool with fountains, along which granite monuments of prominent figures of national science and culture are installed.
The sculptural ensemble is formed by 12 monumental sculptures to the Great Russian scientists - representatives of various fields of knowledge. The monument - bust of Zhukovsky in Moscow is also located in this alley. All of them are designed in a single style key and are purely official, ceremonial portrait images of canonical typology, equally decorated monuments are installed on identical granite pedestals, each of which is composed of two parallelepipeds arranged vertical on horizontal. Typology borrowed from the arsenal of gravestone grafting. It should be noted the solemn, majestic appearance of the Alley, the edification of its figurative content, plastic perfection and expressiveness of the portraits.
Nikolai Egorovich is an outstanding Russian scientist, the creator of aerodynamics as a science, a professor at Moscow University; Corresponding Member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences (now the Russian Academy of Sciences) in the category of Mathematical Sciences. The monument - bust of Zhukovsky in Moscow was erected for outstanding achievements in the field of aerodynamics.
Address: Leningradsky Prospect, 40
A memorial plaque to Yuri Vizbor in Moscow
In Moscow, a memorial plaque to Yury Vizbor appeared at number 5 in Ananyevsky Pereulok. Here the childhood and youth of the famous bard, journalist, actor, one of the founders of the art song were spent. He dedicated several songs to his beloved street. Friends and fans of Yuri Vizbor came to the opening ceremony of the memorial plaque.
Tatiana Vizbor, daughter of Yuri Vizbor: “The infinite charm of his image, his masculinity, the ability to make friends and surrender to this friendship, and he had so many friends, that no one will gather true, honest, true friends for the life.
The authors of the memorial plaque were sculptor Andrei Zabaluev and architect Mikhail Korsi. The decision to establish the name mark was made in June of last year, when the 80th anniversary of the birth of the bard was celebrated. Vizbor said: “I have the deepest pleasure when I hear or see a person singing. He does not work, does not come out, does not earn a living, but creates art - living, exciting, his own ”. Yuri Vizbor wrote several hundred songs, played roles in the films “Red Tent”, “Belorussky Station” and “Seventeen Moments of Spring”.
Address: Ananievsky Lane, 5
Monument to the heroes of the First World War in Moscow
The monument to the heroes of the First World War was opened in Victory Park on Poklonnaya Hill on August 1, 2014 - the centenary anniversary of Russia's entry into the First World War.
The central figure of the composition is a simple Russian soldier who had fulfilled the duty to protect his Homeland and became the St. George Cavalier: the figure of a soldier ascended to a high pedestal column decorated with a St. George cross. On the back of the pedestal there are the sign battles and dates: 1914 - Gumbinnen, 1914 - Warsaw, 1915 - Przemysl, 1915 - Osovets, 1916 - Erzerum, 1916 - Brusilovsky breakthrough. Over the man’s shoulder, the overcoat of his greatcoat and rifle are thrown, his gaze is fixed on the distance. As conceived by the sculptor, the figure of a soldier is a collective image of a Russian soldier of the early 20th century, who could theoretically go through all the wars of that time: from Russian-Japanese to Civil and Great Patriotic, although the monument is dedicated to the First World War.
Behind the soldier bilateral multi-figured composition is settled. The front side of the composition shows two plots: the first - against the background of the Russian flag, the officer raises a detachment of soldiers to the attack, behind them is the sister of mercy with the wounded; second, women escort men to war. Differences in clothing (in the plot with wires, soldiers are shown with overcoats in a roll over the shoulder, with an attack — dressed in an overcoat) suggest a chronological connection between the subjects. Among other figures, one can see references to real people: for example, Kozma Kryuchkov, the first Cavalier of the First World War, became the prototype of one of the soldiers, and the image of sister of mercy is Princess Elizabeth Feodorovna, who became famous for her disinterested charitable work and help to wounded soldiers. On the "back" side of the monument there are horsemen with swords and lances.
Address: Kutuzov Avenue, Victory Park
Monument-Bust to N.S. Stroev in Moscow
Bust to N.S. Stroyev, a scientist in the field of aviation, the head of the Flight Research Institute named after M.M. Gromov, twice Hero of Socialist Labor, is installed in Aviators Park in the north of Moscow.
The bust is located on a pedestal with the inscription: "Hero of Socialist Traud Stroyev Nikolay Sergeevich. For outstanding achievements in creating the new technology by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated January 19, 1982 he was awarded the Order of Lenin and the second “Sickle and Hammer” Gold Medal.
A remarkable fact: the bust was installed during the life of a scientist, in 1987; he died 10 years later, in 1997.
Address: Leningradsky pr., 59
Monument to Alexander I. Herzen in Moscow
In the courtyard of the house number 25 on Tverskoy Boulevard, near the famous Literary Institute, there is a monument to Herzen of the sculptor M.O. Milberger and architect K.M. Sapegin.
The choice of location for the monument is explained by the fact that the building of the institute is known as the "Herzen's house". The fact is that the estate at the beginning of the XIX century belonged to Senator A.A. Yakovlev - the brother of A.I. Herzen. In this house, the illegitimate son of Yakovlev and German Henrietta-Wilhelmina-Louise The Hague was born and spent the first five months of his life (last name given by the father of the German word "heart"). When adult, Alexander Ivanovich came to this house to visit his cousin.
At the end of October 1959, a monument to A.I. Herzen was opened in a former manor.
The bronze figure of the writer, cast in full-length bronze, is set on a low pedestal of black polished granite. The authors of the monument portrayed the writer as somewhat tense, apparently due to the fact that Herzen’s life was associated with revolutionary activities. In his left hand he holds the galleys of the famous "Bell", the release of which he was engaged.
Address: Tverskoy Boulevard, 25
Monument to Pavel Melnikov in Moscow
The monument to Pavel Petrovich Melnikov, the first Minister of Railways of Russia, is located on Komsomolskaya Square, in Moscow. It was made of bronze by sculptor Salavat Shcherbakov, and the grand opening of the four-meter monument took place on August 2, 2003. The monument is a figure of P. Melnikov in the ceremonial uniform and with orders.
Pavel Petrovich Melnikov was a talented engineer, one of the authors of the St. Petersburg-Moscow railway project, and in 1865-1869 he was the first Minister of Railways of the Russian Empire. The monument to P.P. Melnikov was made at the expense of the Ministry of Railways of Russia.
Special attention was given to the fact that on the opening day of the monument, Komsomolskaya Square, where the monument is located, should have been renamed into the Square of the Three Railway Stations. The official renaming did not take place, but the new name stuck in the people and is used to this day.
Address: Komsomolskaya Square
Monument to L.N. Tolstoy in Moscow
House number 52 on Povarskaya Street in Moscow entered the history of Russian literature as a mansion of the Rostov family, described by Leo Tolstoy in the novel War and Peace. In fact, this classic mansion, built in the XVIII century, was owned by the princes Dolgorukov. Later, the mansion turned out to be connected with several other surnames known in the literary world. Thus, in the second half of the 19th century, the poet Ivan Aksakov and Anna Tyutcheva, the daughter of Fyodor Tyutchev, were married at the mansion at the mansion. Nina Chavchavadze, the widow of Alexander Griboyedov, stopped here, and Fyodor Sologub was the owner of the estate for a short time. In the 30s of the last century the Union of Soviet Writers was located in the house, headed by Maxim Gorky.
In 1956, a monument to Leo Tolstoy was erected in front of this mansion - in this way, Ukrainian writers made a gift to their capital colleagues in honor of the 300th anniversary of the reunification of Russia and Ukraine. The sculptural image of the Great Russian writer was created by sculptor Galina Novokreschenova and architect V.N. Vasnetsov. It is possible that the portrait of Leo Tolstoy, written by Ilya Repin in 1887, served as a source of inspiration for the sculptor. Both in the portrait and in the bronze of the monument, Lev Nikolayevich is depicted sitting in a chair approximately in the same pose, in one hand he holds a book, and the other hand rests on the arm of the chair. The difference lies mainly in the inclination of the writer's head and the direction of his gaze.
On the pedestal there is an inscription in the Ukrainian and Russian languages “To the writers of brotherly Russia in commemoration of the holiday of the 300th anniversary of the reunification of Ukraine and Russia from the writers of Soviet Ukraine”.
Address: Povarskaya st., 25
Monument to the pilot Mikhail Vodopyanov in Moscow
Mikhail Vodopyanov (1899-1980) was the famous Soviet pilot, member of the rescue of the steamer Chelyuskin crew and the sixth Hero of the Soviet Union, Major General of Aviation, member of the Arctic expeditions, member of the Central Election Commission of the USSR and the Union of Writers of the USSR.
Pilot Vodopyanov was one of those people who were an example of imitation for the Soviet boys, demonstrated civil courage and during his lifetime became legendary personalities among the inhabitants of the USSR.
In February 1918, Vodopyanov voluntarily joined the Red Army and fought against Wrangel and Kolchak, then, starting with an assistant driver, gradually grew, becoming an aviation mechanic, and then a flight mechanic. He graduated from the flight school "Dobrolet" and the Moscow flight-technical school and became a brilliant pilot. One of the first to receive the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for participating in the rescue of the “Chelyuskinites”, having completed a flight of almost 6,500 kilometers on an R-5 plane from Khabarovsk to Vankar; Vodopyanov flew three times from Anadyr to the distress and brought 10 people. In 1936-1937 he took part in arctic and high-latitude expeditions, during one of which he landed for the first time in the world on ice near the North Pole using a braking parachute; thanks to Vodopyanov, a group of wintering men was brought to the North, who organized the world's first drifting research station, the North Pole-1. After the war, Major General Aviation Vodopyanov participated in expeditions to the North, and then began to actively engage in writing, covering the topic of flights and aviation in the stories.
The monument to Mikhail Vodopyanov was installed on Khodynsky Boulevard in 2013. The 3.3-meter-high bronze statue is mounted on a 1.5-meter stepped pedestal in the form of a block of ice: the sculpture depicts a plot from the life of a pilot — landing on the ice of the North Pole. The author of the composition is sculptor Alexander Golovachev. The sculpture is located on the so-called Alley of hero pilots on the Khodynka field: it was assumed that the monument to Vodopyanov would be the first of a series of monuments installed here, but so far it has remained the only one.
Address: Khodynskoe field
Monument to Charles de Gaulle in Moscow
The monument to Charles de Gaulle in Moscow was opened in front of the Cosmos Hotel on May 9, 2005. The place to install was chosen not by chance: in 1990, the square in front of the hotel received the name of Charles de Gaulle, and 15 years later it was decided to perpetuate it with a monument.
Charles Andre Joseph Marie de Gaulle (1890–1970) is a French military and statesman, general, symbol of the French Resistance during the Second World War, as well as the founder and first president of the Fifth Republic (President of France). Despite his personal dislike of communism, de Gaulle established close relations with the Soviet Union and concluded a number of important agreements, including cooperation in science and space exploration, which made the USSR and France strategic allies.
The monument is made with a portrait likeness and depicts the French leader in a somewhat constrained, but in a military manner, a strict posture: having stooped a little, he simply stands straight with his arms down. Sharp shoulders slightly upturned, and on the face as if frozen deep sadness; narrowing his eyes, the bronze de Gaulle looks off into the distance. The general is dressed in a typical military uniform: a tunic, a belt, an army cap with two generals stars on his head. A small badge with a cross on the jacket draws attention - this is the Lorraine cross, the symbol of the "Gaullist" branch of the Resistance movement. The figure is erected on a high cylindrical pedestal on which the name and title are engraved in Russian and French: "General Charles de Gaulle. President of the French Republic".
Address: Prospect Mira, 176
Monument to Abai Kunanbayev in Moscow
The monument to Abai Kunanbayev is located on Chistoprudny Boulevard in Moscow, not far from the Embassy of Kazakhstan. This is a gift from Kazakhstan, and its official opening, held on April 4, 2006, was attended by Presidents Vladimir Putin and Nursultan Nazarbayev.
The Kazakh poet and composer Abai Kunanbayuly, who later changed his surname to Kunanbayev, was born on July 29, 1845 in the family of the bai Kunanbay Oskenbayev. Being engaged in self-education, he soon felt a passion for composing poetry, and after years became an innovator of Kazakh poetry, enriching it with new dimensions and rhymes. Abai Kunanbayuly was also a talented composer, who wrote about two dozen melodies, known among his compatriots in our days.
The decision to install the monument was made during a business meeting of Nursultan Nazarbayev with Vladimir Putin in Moscow. Kazakhstan fully took over the financing of the project, the total cost of which exceeded 160,000,000 tenge, which is approximately one and a half million US dollars. The monument depicts the poet sitting on a white granite pedestal, which is located in the center of a small circular platform.
Address: Chistoprudny Boulevard, d.12S1
Alley of Love in Moscow
“Alley of Love” in Kolomenskoye, in Moscow, is an amazing place that is imbued with love, joy and romance. Here you can do everything: make a cherished wish, confess your love to your soulmate, and perpetuate your feelings on the stones. Young couples here can formally exchange the solemn vows of eternal love and hold a marriage ceremony. The alley is decorated with nominal stones, which are left by lovers as a symbol of their love.
“Alley of Love” appeared in the Kolomenskoye estate museum near an old oak tree. Excellent landscape design: decorative heart, small pond, flower beds, well-groomed paths, white benches. During the day, on weekdays, mothers with children walk here, and on the weekends there are wedding couples. This is a romantic place where you can perpetuate love in stone, which will be embedded in the walkway, or make a beautiful engraving on a park bench. And the famous lock of love can be attached to forged grilles specially installed for this purpose.
On the Alley of Love you can not only make a wish and confess your love, but also take a picture and just have a great time.
Address: pr. Andropova, 39
Diver-Lighthouse in Moscow
The sculpture "Diver-lighthouse" on Pushkin Embankment in Gorky Park was opened on May 5, 2016 - on the day of the diver.
The author of the sculpture - artist Leonid Tishkov - was guided by the conceptual idea of the famous Soviet sculptor Vera Mukhina. In 1937, Mukhina, who had already become famous thanks to the monument “Worker and Kolkhoz Woman”, worked on the heroic image of the “epronovets”. EPRON is an Expedition of special purpose underwater work, created in 1923 to lift sunken ships and submarines. The history of EPRON began with a particularly secret assignment: divers were sent to Balaklava Bay to search for the English frigate “Prince” sunken in 1854; the young Soviet government hoped that on board a ship sunken during the time of the Crimean War, treasures could be hidden with which to replenish the treasury devastated by the Civil War. They did not find the treasure, but in the first 2 years of work, the destroyer and 2 submarines were lifted from the bottom of the Black Sea, which were later repaired and transferred to the fleet. In 1941, the EPRON was fully incorporated into the Navy as an emergency rescue service.
Vera Mukhina, inspired by the image of the "conqueror of the elements", conceived an unusual sculpture of a diver 40 meters high, which would also be a lighthouse at the same time. In her letter to the head of EPRON Fontiy Krylov, the sculptor clarified that there is a suitable place near Balaklava where a lighthouse is required, and she would like to make this lighthouse in the form of a diver. Glitter would become associated with wet clothes, and the helmet can accommodate the necessary equipment for the beacon. Unfortunately, the avant-garde idea of Mukhina did not materialize.
Leonid Tishkov’s Lighthouse Diver, installed on Pushkinskaya Embankment of Gorky Park, is made on a much smaller scale (about 3 meters), but has all the attributes of a real beacon: a rhythmically flashing lamp is lit in its helmet, which lights up with city lighting. The bronze diver is made in the style of the 1930s, and the shape and black and white color of the pedestal are inspired by the Kyz-Aul lighthouse, which stands on the Kerch Peninsula.
Address: Pushkinskaya Emb.
Monument to V.V. Vorovsky in Moscow
The monument to Vatslav Vorovsky was erected in Moscow at the intersection of Lubyanka and Kuznetsky Most in May 1943, a year after the death of Vorovsky. The sculptor Yankel Katz became the author of the monument.
In 1923, the Plenipotentiary Representative of the RSFSR and the Ukrainian SSR in Italy, Vatslav Vatslavovich Vorovsky, was part of the Soviet delegation at the Lausanne Conference in Switzerland. On May 10, in the Cecil restaurant, Vorovsky was shot dead by former White Guard Maurice Conradi. The court issued the acquittal of the murderer and his accomplice Arkady Polunin, citing crimes committed by the Bolsheviks in the USSR. This led to the rupture of diplomatic relations between the USSR and Switzerland.
This monument is considered to be one of the most curious in Moscow. Vorovsky is depicted in a rather absurd pose, his clothes are untidy. Muscovites gave this monument many nicknames; it is called the “radiculitis monument”, “the dancing lame”, “the drunk lame”. But Vorovsky’s contemporaries said that this was exactly what comrades plenipotentiary looked like in the heat of a dispute: head, holding the other hand strap on the pants.
Address: st. Big Lubyanka 12/1
Memorial plaque to A.I. Gorgolyuk in Moscow
A plaque to the pilot of the Soviet Union Hero Alexander Gorgolyuk was solemnly opened on November 25, 2015 at 17 Tverskaya Street. He took part in the battles of Moscow, Kursk. In one of the fights, he lost his sight.
Alexander Gorgolyuk was born on August 27, 1919. In July 1943, he commanded the 30th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment of the 1st Guards Fighter Aviation Division of the 16th Air Army of the Central Front. By the time Alexander Gorgolyuk made 376 sorties.
On June 2, 1943, in the battle near Kursk, he personally shot down two planes and damaged another, but was seriously wounded. Seeing nothing, he jumped out of the plane with a parachute and landed successfully. However, due to injury the pilot lost his sight forever.
After the war, Alexander Gorgolyuk worked as deputy director of the All-Russian Society of the Blind.
The honored artist of Russia, professor, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Arts Igor Burganov worked on the memorial plaque to the hero. He depicted the bust of a pilot against the background of a peaceful landscape, and a plane is visible high in the sky on which Alexander Gorgolyuk fought.
Address: st. Tverskaya, 17
Solovetsky stone in Moscow
The Solovetsky Stone is one of the first and, perhaps, the main monument today to the victims of the totalitarian communist regime in the Soviet Union. Installed on October 30, 1990 in the park near the Polytechnic Museum on Lubyanskaya Square in Moscow, a granite boulder was brought by Memorial activists from the village of Solovetsky, from Tamarin pier.
The Solovetsky stone then, in 1990, resisted not only to House 2 in Lubyanskaya Square, where the VChK-NKVD-MGB-KGB was located since 1918, is the heart of the Communist terror machine in the USSR, but also to the monument to Felix Dzerzhinsky in the center of the square, the founder and the first head of this “death machine” (“Iron Felix” was demolished on August 22, 1991).
Since 1919, the concentration camp has been located on the Solovki archipelago, since 1923 - the Solovki special-purpose camp (SLON), and in 1937–1939 - the Solovki special-purpose prison (STON). Stone for the monument from the Big Solovki Island in Arkhangelsk was brought by sea, and then taken by rail to Moscow.
At the foot of the pedestal there is the inscription "This stone was delivered by the Memorial Society from the Solovetsky special-purpose camp and installed in memory of the victims of the totalitarian regime." And this is also symbolic: in the late 1980s, “Memorial” was perhaps the most massive independent social movement in the USSR — the return of historical truth was recognized as a necessary condition for the return of the values of law and morality to politics.
Address: New Square
Monument to sculptor Vera Mukhina in Moscow
The monument to Vera Mukhina is installed near her workshop in Prechistensky lane. The opening took place in 1989, on the centenary of the artist’s birth. The authors of the project were sculptor Mikhail Anikushin and architect Sergey Hadjibaronov.
The statue is made of bronze and depicts a middle-aged woman. The figure is shown knee-deep; the head is raised and turned to the left, the face is calm and serious. The sculpture is placed on a pedestal of red granite with a memorable inscription: "Vera Ignatievna Mukhina".
The sculptor Vera Ignatyevna Mukhina was born in 1889 in Riga. Her family came from a very wealthy merchant family who settled in Latvia after the Patriotic War of 1812. In 1937, at that time, an already well-known master discovered an inheritance of about 4 million lats.
In 1923, a novice sculptor designed a pavilion for the newspaper Izvestia at the 1st All-Russian Agricultural and Handicraft Industrial Exhibition. The co-author of the project was Alexander Exter.
The sculptor Vera Mukhina came to the galaxy of outstanding masters of the 20th century after the World Exhibition in Paris. It was there, in the Soviet pavilion, that her most significant work was presented - the monument “Worker and Collective Farm Girl”, which today is located near one of the entrances to the All-Russia Exhibition Center-VDNH.
Address: Prospect Mira, 123B
Monument to the Hungarian-Soviet friendship in Moscow
In 1975, in honor of the 30th anniversary of the liberation of Hungary from the fascist invaders by the Red Army, the Friendship Park was laid out in Budapest and a monument to Hungarian-Soviet friendship was erected. During the grand opening of the monument, it was announced that a copy of it would be presented to the Soviet Union. And a year and a half later, in September 1976, the “twin” of the Hungarian monument was installed in the Moscow Friendship Park near the River Station.
After the change of political system in Hungary and, as a result, the revision of many values, including attitudes to the Great Patriotic War, the monument in Budapest Friendship Park was dismantled (it is now located in the "Monument Park", an analogue of the Moscow Art Park). In Moscow, the monument to the Hungarian-Soviet friendship is in its place to this day.
The monument is a 10-meter-high stele stepped into the interior with a bas-relief depicting two women (obviously, Russian and Hungarian), releasing doves into the sky. The inscription under the bas-relief says: "Eternal Hungarian-Soviet friendship is the key to our freedom and peace!"
Address: Festivalnaya st.
Monument to the Enlightened Gautama Buddha in Moscow
The statue was opened by the Ambassador of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Udayang Viratunga on August 12, 2011 in honor of the 2600th anniversary of the Buddha’s enlightenment. The statue is located on the territory of the embassy.
In accordance with the rules of the Russian language, the word "Buddha", written with a capital letter, means a specific historical figure - Siddhartha Gautam, heir to the noble family of Shakyev, who belonged to the caste of soldiers and rulers.
Siddhartha Gautama is a key figure in Buddhism. Stories about his life, his sayings, dialogues with disciples and monastic covenants were summarized by his followers after his death and formed the basis of the Buddhist canon - "Tripitaki".
Address: st. Shchepkina, 24, p. 1
Bust of Victor Hugo in Moscow
The monument to bust of Victor Hugo in the Hermitage Garden is located in Moscow, in close proximity to the Sphere Theater. The bust is located in the western part of the garden since 2000; it is the creation of the sculptor Laurent Marquista. The monument was made in 1920 and was presented to the Hermitage Garden by the French government.
Victor Hugo is an outstanding French poet, prose writer and playwright, the founder of French romanticism. His brilliant works, such as “Les Miserables”, “Notre Dame de Paris”, are known and loved by many generations of aesthetes from different countries, and the novel “The Last Day Condemned to Death” had a great influence on the work of Russian writer Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky.
The bust of the brilliant French poet, prose writer and playwright is surrounded by a picturesque flower bed and is an invaluable decoration of the most romantic garden in Moscow.
Address: Karetny Ryad Street
Monument to Gabdulla Tukai in Moscow
The monument to Gabdulla Tukai, an outstanding Tatar national poet, literary critic, translator and publicist, was opened on April 26, 2011 at the intersection of Novokuznetskaya Street and Tatarsky Pereulok in Moscow. The grand opening of the sculpture was dedicated to the celebration of the 125th anniversary of the birth of this outstanding person.
This event Moscow Tatars waited for a very long time. The monument was donated to the capital of Russia by the Government of the Republic of Tatarstan. The author of the sculpture is Salavat Shcherbakov - Honored Artist of the Russian Federation.
The monument to Gabdulla Tukai is a figure of a Tatar poet squatting down to rest, cast in bronze. Marble benches were installed near the sculpture by a semi-ring, so that the visitors of this monument had the opportunity to feel themselves in the same “company” with this talented person.
Address: st. Novokuznetskaya, 11, p. 2
Monument to Lev Yashin at Dynamo in Moscow
On October 23, 1999, near the Dynamo stadium in Petrovsky Park, the opening ceremony of the monument to Lev Ivanovich Yashin, timed to coincide with the seventy-year anniversary of the great goalkeeper, was held. Veterans of football gathered on the square in front of the entrance to the northern tribune, many of whom took to the pitch with Yashin.
The sculptural composition, called the “Goalkeeper - the legend of the century”, is the famous Yashin flight after the ball. The author of the monument is A.I. Rukavishnikov.
Until 2009, the monument was located next to one of the stands, but after the start of the reconstruction of the stadium, it was moved to the park, closer to the southern lobby of the Dynamo metro station.
Address: Leningradsky Ave.
Monument to student omens in Moscow
The monument is a large round granite platform, in the center of which there is a large penny (a symbol of good luck for students during the session). And in concentric circles on the site abbreviations of universities are written. Also on the site are a student's record book and two shoes, which lie on the penny.
It was decided to install the monument in the park of the 850th anniversary of Moscow in Marino. As a result of the competition, which was attended by 500 students of architects, the monument was supposed to have all the symbols of good luck that students believe in on the eve of the session. Also, the monument should be original and technologically simple. As a result, a group of students from Moscow Architectural Institute won.
Everyone knows that students are very superstitious and believe in omens. One of them will take it on the eve of the exams to come to Revolution Square and rub the dog's nose; this will surely bring good luck in the exams. But until 2008 there was no monument to the student, to which it was possible to come and make a wish. But now such a monument has appeared in Marino, and it continues the traditions of students. It is enough to get up on this coin and make a wish and rub the shoes, and then the session will be easy and there will be only “five” in the record book.
Address: st. Porechnaya, d. 15
Monument to Peter Stolypin in Moscow
The monument to Peter Stolypin was opened on the Square of Free Russia near the House of the Government of the Russian Federation on December 27, 2012 in honor of the 150th anniversary of the birth of the famous Russian reformer.
Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin (1862-1911) was a statesman of the Russian Empire, in different years served as prime minister, minister of internal affairs, Grodno and Saratov governor, as well as the county leader of the nobility in Kovno. In Russian history, he is known as a reformer, whose name is associated with a large-scale agrarian reform, "mastering" the eastern part of the country and Siberia by resettling peasants from the European part of Russia, changing the electoral system in the State Duma, repressions against revolutionaries and terrorists and other significant time questions. Stolypin is a very controversial figure in Russian history, his actions are often discussed within the framework of historical discussions, and those who are discussing do not have a common opinion about who the reformer really was - a great benefactor or a bloody tyrant. One way or another, Peter Stolypin became a symbol of his era. During his life he suffered 11 attempts, from the last of which he died.
The sculpture depicts Stolypin standing to his full height with a prize sword, without which he did not appear in public, and orders on his chest. The reformer's right hand on the sculpture is pressed to the body, and this also makes sense - in life his right hand did not move well after being seriously wounded (the nerve was broken) received in a duel with Prince Ivan Shakhovsky. A plate with a quote from Stolypin’s speech is set on the pedestal: "In the defense of Russia, we must all unite, coordinate our efforts, our duties and our rights to maintain Russia's one supreme right - to be strong!"
Address: Konyushkovskaya Str.
Monument to Baron Munchhausen in Moscow
This interesting monument was created by sculptor Andrei Yuryevich Orlov in the framework of the project “Folk heroes in sculptural compositions”. As well known, Baron Munchhausen was a real man who lived in Tsarist Russia for 10 years and participated in the Turkish war. He became famous precisely because he was able to tell extraordinary stories with a fair amount of humor and fiction, which in fact glorified him.
The monument to Baron Munchhausen was installed on August 28, 2004 in Moscow on Yartsevskaya st. near the metro station Molodezhnaya. The opening of the monument was very merry and festive; the baron's admirers came to the opening in 18th century dresses, that is, in long dresses with a crinoline and funny hats.
Munchhausen is made in full size and is depicted at the exact moment when he pulls himself, sitting on a horse by a pigtail from a swamp, while on his face there is an eternal smile, which many consider to be similar to the smile of Jankovsky. Near the monument on a special stand, the most famous sayings of Munchhausen, which over time sent winged phrases from several generations of Russians, are displayed.
This fairytale hero with real roots is loved not only in Moscow, but also in many countries of the post-Soviet space and monuments to him in different situations have been established in many other cities. Perhaps he is loved precisely for his positive and naivety, as well as for the simplicity and wisdom of his sayings in the most extreme conditions.
Address: Yartsevskaya St., 25A
Monument to Miguel de Cervantes in Moscow
In Madrid and Moscow you can see two completely identical monuments to the famous Spanish writer Miguel Cervantes. Only the Madrid monument is original and was installed back in 1835, and in Moscow its exact copy appeared in the 80s of the last century.
The place where the monument to the author of “Don Quixote” is located is the Friendship Park on the Leningrad Highway. In Moscow, this "Spaniard" appeared in the framework of cultural exchange between Spain and the USSR. A monument to Alexander Pushkin, created by sculptor Oleg Komov, went to Madrid, and the Soviet capital received a copy of the monument that Antonio Sol created in the 19th century. In Moscow, in the surrounding area of the monument was inscribed by the efforts of architects Igor Voskresensky and Yuri Kalmykov.
The most "thin spot" in the bronze image of the Spanish writer is the sword. Moscow Miguel Cervantes several times lost this attribute of belonging to the nobility - it was constantly broken off by attackers. According to the status (Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra came from a family of impoverished nobles) he is supposed to be with a sword, but for anti-vandal reasons the monument has been standing for some time without it.
The novel “The Cunning Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha” is considered the most famous work of Cervantes; he also tried himself in writing plays, short stories, poems.
Address: Flotskaya, 1
Monument to the Frontier Guards of the Fatherland in Moscow
The obelisk to the frontier guards of the Fatherland is located on the Yauza Gate Square, where the Boulevard Ring ends, resting on the Moskva River, which in itself is very symbolic, previously one of the borders of Moscow was held here.
Despite the large number of connecting streets, two rivers, several bridges, the square is very cozy and quiet (as far as possible in the noisy center of the city) square, decorated with a monument to border guards.
The monument was opened in May 1997 and it is an obelisk in the form of an ancient border pillar of red polished granite, mounted on a rectangular pedestal with bronze bas-reliefs, which depict scenes from the border service. The monument is crowned with a golden double-headed eagle, on the chest of which the imperial crown and the emblem of Moscow are engraved.
The inscription on the monument says: "Defenders of the Fatherland. Debt. Honor. Fatherland." The obelisk looks bright against the background of the public garden, nearby churches, and against the backdrop of the majestic Stalinist skyscraper on Kotelnicheskaya Embankment.
Address: Yauza Gate Square
Monument to Walt Whitman in Moscow
Walt Whitman was the American poet of the XIX century, the most revered compatriots, you can say "American Pushkin". Although in Russia he, of course, is not so famous. His most popular work is Leaves of Grass. Some of his poems were translated into Russian by Turgenev himself.
The monument to the American poet is installed on the territory of Moscow State University, in front of the humanitarian building. The sculpture depicts the writer in full growth, in the background - a column, crowned with Pegasus.
A remarkable fact: the author of the sculpture, Alexander Burganov, nine years earlier (2000) cast the monument to A.S. Pushkin, which was donated by Russia to the United States and installed in Washington. The Whitman Monument is a reciprocal gift from the City Hall of Washington to Moscow.
“The choice made is not accidental. Two great poets of Russia and the United States are related by true nationality and at the same time humanity - if you use the words of Fyodor Dostoevsky - their work,” Lavrov said. “If Pushkin is ours, then Whitman, as they called him contemporaries, “the poet of America, he is America itself.” “Like Alexander Pushkin, who possessed the “ability of worldwide responsiveness,” the reformer of American poetry Whitman combined in himself an outstanding creative talent with a deep philosophical vision of history and understanding the unity of human civilization, - said the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
In turn, at the opening ceremony of the monument, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton noted that "as Pushkin and Whitman" reset "the poetry of their days, so the United States and Russia" reset "relations and, importantly, between the two nations."
Address: Lomonosovsky Prospect, 1S5
Monument to the Militia of the Proletarsky District in Moscow
The opening of the monument took place on May 6, 1980 on the eve of the 35th anniversary of the Victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War.
The majestic 15-meter-high sculptural and architectural composition, towering in the center of Avtozavodskaya Square in Moscow, was built in memory of residents of the Proletarsky district who died while defending Moscow and during the Great Patriotic War.
The unity of the front and rear, which became the foundation of the great Victory, is the semantic meaning of the multi-figure high-relief composition of the memorial to the working people of the Proletarian District of the capital.
The complex sculptural form of the memorial in the form of a symbolic banner bears on itself high-relief groups of soldiers of the Soviet Army and militia workers, who stood to the death in the harsh autumn of 1941, defending Moscow. The inscription on the monument says: "The proletarians who fell for the freedom and independence of the motherland will forever be remembered in the memory of the people. Eternal glory to the heroes! 1941-1945".
The memorial is made of wrought copper sheet, on a steel frame, with polished granite stepped base.
The authors of the monument are sculptors F.D. Thebes, N.G. Skrynnikova, architects - PP Zinoviev and I.M. Studenikin, engineer B.M. Dubovoy.
Address: st. Avtozavodskaya 9/1
Monument to soldiers of the Fatherland of the 20th century in Moscow
On May 9, 2005, a monument to the soldiers of the Fatherland of the 20th century was solemnly opened in Moscow. The monument is amazing because it was set up in a residential area of Moscow and after the “wave” of memory to the victims.
The main number of monuments devoted to military subjects was established from 1975 to 1995. And after that they rarely paid attention to the military theme in the monuments, more and more cats, dogs and janitors.
The monument to the soldiers of the Fatherland of the 20th century was installed in the Bibirevo microdistrict at the intersection of Plescheev and Leskov streets. Sculptor I. Studenikin presented the memory of the soldiers in the form of three broken blades of swords. And if on vacation soldiers of the past centuries set swords with a hut, then it is clearly shown that swords are thrust into the ground, saying that they have served their weapons and will not use them anymore.
Address: Pleshcheeva Street, 30
Monument to A. Shchusev in Moscow
The monument to famous architect Shusev Alexey Viktorovich is installed in Granatniy Lane opposite the Central House of Architects. The project of the monument belongs to the architect B. I. Thor, and the execution to the sculptor I. M. Rukavishnikov.
A.V. Schusev participated in the development and implementation of many famous architectural creations. For example, this is a well-preserved Moscow Martha-Mariinsky Convent with the Church of St. Martha and St. Mary in the hospital building (1909) and the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Virgin, which became the composition center of the entire ensemble (1908–1912), and Schusev won the custom competition on the complex of buildings of the Kazan station in Moscow and at the end of 1911, it was officially approved by the chief architect of construction.
In the Soviet period, Shchusev's talent was also in demand - in 1918–1923 he led the development of the “New Moscow” master plan. This plan was the first Soviet attempt to create a realizable concept for the development of the city in the spirit of a large garden city. The project was aimed at a clear zoning of the territory, preservation of the historical center and many separate old public buildings and temples, the development of "green wedges" from the center to the periphery, the reconstruction of a number of highways, the Moscow river port and railway junction, etc. Also Shchusev designed the mausoleum on Krasnaya square.
Address: Granatny lane, 7
Monument to Ernst Telman in Moscow
The monument to Telman in Moscow is located on the territory of the Airport district of the Northern administrative district of the capital, installed on the square named after him on Leningradsky Avenue near the Aeroport metro exit.
The monument to Telman in Moscow, a German anti-fascist, the chairman of the German Communist Party, Ernst Telman, appeared on the square named after him in 1986 in connection with the 100th anniversary of his birth. The work was performed by sculptors Vl. A. Artamonov, V. A. Artamonov and architect V. A. Nesterov. The sculpture, like many monuments of the Soviet era, was made in a revolutionary spirit: a courageous figure dressed in simple clothes and a strong weighty fist - an epoch-making image of an ardent communist.
In the conditions of modernity, when communism has already lost its former position, many pedestals for revolutionary figures were destroyed. The same fate awaited the monument to Telman in Moscow, however, the public, having learned about such sentiments of the authorities, strongly came out in his defense, arguing that Telman, first of all, opposed fascism and the Nazis, and this is relevant to this day.
Address: Leningradsky pr., 62A, building 1
Monument to F.I. Chaliapin in Moscow
In 1910, the famous opera bass Fyodor Chaliapin bought a house in Moscow located on Novinsky Boulevard, and lived in it with his family until his departure from Russia in 1922. In the late 80s, Fyodor Ivanovich's museum was opened in this house, and at the beginning of this century a monument to the singer was erected in front of the museum.
The installation history of this monument can be called an adventure undertaken by sculptor Vadim Tserkovnikov, the author of the project. The monument was erected in the summer of 2003 without coordination with the authorities, under cover of night, but, nevertheless, is still in place. The work of the Churchman was offered to be demolished and moved to another place, for example, to the Bolshoi Theater, in which Fyodor Chaliapin was a soloist.
The singer is depicted sitting on the ground, leaning his back against the trunk of a fallen tree. The artistic value of this work was criticized - the land on which Chaliapin sits, more reminiscent of the critics of dirt, and the singer himself - a drunkard, who does not hold his legs. Although the author, of course, put a completely different meaning into his work: both the earth and the bare roots of the tree were to become a symbol of Chaliapin's longing for homeland. In addition, Vadim Tserkovnikov took as a basis the famous Chaliapin posture, in which the singer was portrayed by his contemporary, the artist Ilya Repin. The sculptural composition was placed on a low pedestal, and in general the height of the entire monument does not exceed two and a half meters.
Fyodor Chaliapin died in Paris in 1938 at the age of 65. His opera career began in 1899. In his Moscow opera career a big role was played by philanthropist Savva Mamontov, who offered the main parts to the singer in his theater. After the Mammoth Theater, Fyodor Shalyapin sang on the stages of the Bolshoi and Mariinsky Theaters, but the Mammoth period was considered one of the most important in his work.
Address: Novinsky Boulevard, 25
Monument to the Panfilov Heroes in Moscow
In mid-November 1941, the fascist troops launched their second attack on the capital of the Soviet Union. In the area of Volokolamsk, they dealt the main blow at the front line, a breakthrough of which would have allowed the enemy to continue moving towards Moscow. But near the village of Nelidovo, at the railway junction of Dubosekovo, on November 16 a fierce battle took place, which the fascists were given by the fighters of the 316th rifle division of General Ivan Panfilov. This was a group of tank destroyers of the 4th company under the command of political officer Vasily Klochkov. This is his famous words: “Russia is great, and there is no place to retreat — Moscow is behind!”, Which became the motto of Soviet soldiers in the battle for Moscow.
In this battle, 28 soldiers of the Panfilov division shot down 18 enemy tanks and died. All of them were awarded posthumously the title "Hero of the Soviet Union." The victims who died at the junction began to be called Dubosekovo heroes by Panfilov; their feat was immortalized in the names of streets, in documentary and artistic literary works. 28 Panfilov monuments were installed in different cities of the Soviet Union.
In 1975, when the 30th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War was celebrated, a memorial complex was erected near the village of Nelidovo near the mass grave of Panfilov: six full-length stone soldiers rose on the battlefield to meet the enemy and not to let it go to Moscow. The concrete strip symbolizes the line that the fascists could not overcome. The complex includes a granite wall with a description of the Panfilov’s feat and a granite platform with a pedestal in the shape of a star for laying wreaths. A group of sculptors and architects worked on the creation of the memorial, which included Alexey Postol, Nikolai Lyubimov and others. For Postol, this work became a thesis project.
A few years earlier, in 1967, the Museum of Panfilov Heroes was opened in Nelidovo, in which things of fighters and political instructor Klochkov, front letters, documents, photos, newspapers are kept. One of the exhibits, the field bag of General Panfilov, was handed over to the museum in 2006 by Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev.
Address: Panfilov Heroes st, 12
Monument fountain George the Victorious in Moscow
The monument-fountain is installed between the Leningrad and Yaroslavl stations, opposite the exit from the surface lobby of the Komsomolskaya metro station. For many years there were stalls here, in 2011 in their place appeared well-groomed playground, lined with paving tiles, with benches, tubs with living trees, lanterns and a round fountain with a monument to St. George.
The opening of the fountain took place on September 4, 2011 and was timed to the celebration of the Day of the City.
The fountain-monument is a granite basin, in the center of which is a monumental sculpture of St. George the Victorious, the work of S. Shcherbakov. George the Victorious, striking a snake, from four sides adorn small multi-tier fountains, beating vertically upwards. Around the fountain lined plates with the names of all the stations of Moscow and the cities - points of arrival.
Address: Komsomolskaya Square, 3-5
Abduction of Europe
In 2002, near the Kiev railway station, an unusual fountain was opened, called the “Abduction of Europe”. The fountain is located on the square of Europe. This is one of the youngest squares in Moscow, and until 2002 was part of the Kievsky railway station square. Initially, the erection of the fountain was not planned by the city authorities.
However, by the opening of the Europe Square, the mayor of Brussels presented Moscow with an unusual sculpture, called the "Abduction of Europe". The sculpture is a structure with a height of 11 meters. It is made in an abstract style and shows a scene from the mythology of ancient Greece. Zeus, in the form of a bull, kidnaps the girl Europe. This is what the creator of the sculpture Olivier Strebel depicted.
By decision of the authorities, the sculpture was placed on the square of Europe, and a wonderful fountain was built around. The fountain “Abduction of Europe” itself is designed in the form of 5 round bowls located in each other. In the upper bowl there is a sculpture, around which a multitude of jets is continuously beating. The author of the fountain Y.P. Platonov managed to complement the sculpture of Strebel, creating a unique mythological image of the legendary scene of the abduction of Europe.
Address: Europe Square
Monument to Shostakovich in Moscow
In the capital, at the Moscow International House of Music, the first monument to the composer Dmitry Shostakovich was opened. The event was timed to the 40th anniversary of the master's death, the 70th anniversary of the Victory and the 15th anniversary of the Cherry Orchard festival.
The author of the bronze monument is Academician of the Russian Academy of Arts Georgy Frangulyan. Muscovites are already familiar with his works: these are monuments to Aram Khachaturian in Bryusov Lane, Joseph Brodsky on Novinsky Boulevard, Bulat Okudzhava on Old Arbat.
The opening ceremony was attended by the composer's son, Maxim Shostakovich, the poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko, the former Minister of Culture, Mikhail Shvydkoi, a children's doctor, Leonid Roshal, and others.
After the opening of the monument, the concert of the National Philharmonic Orchestra of Russia "Dedication to Dmitri Shostakovich" began, Vladimir Spivakov stood behind the conductor.
Address: Kosmodamianskaya nab., 52с6
Monument to Sholom Aleichem in Moscow
Sholom Aleichem, whose real name is Solomon Naumovich Rabinovich, is a famous Jewish writer, playwright and educator, one of the founders of Yiddish literature, including children's. The writer's works have been translated into dozens of languages, including Russian and English. The monument to the most prominent Jewish writer was unveiled on September 10, 2004 in Birobidzhan.
The first competition for the project of the monument to Sholom Aleichem in Birobidzhan was announced in 1988, but then the plan did not materialize, since the decision on where to place the monument was not made. The competition was brought to a logical conclusion for the second time: Moscow approved the version of the monument to the writer of the Birobidzhan author Vladislav Abramovich Tsap. He made sketches and layouts of the monument and bas-reliefs, and the Chinese sculptor Qiu Weigui embodied his plan into reality.
The two-meter sculptural image is a copper figure of the writer on a stone pedestal. The bronze bas-reliefs depict scenes from the life of the Jews a century ago, that is, what Scholom Aleichem wrote about. The monument is located in the square on the main street of the city, which is named after the writer.
Address: st. Sholom Aleichem
Monument to the fighter pilot V. V. Talalikhin in Moscow
Monument to the military pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union Viktor Talalikhin was opened on December 4, 2001. The event was timed to the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the counteroffensive operation under the city of Moscow in December 1941.
Sculptor Andrei Balashov and Moscow architect Igor Voskresensky worked on the monument.
Sculpture of aviator V.V. Talalikhin presented in full growth. The military uniform on it corresponds to the uniform of the flight personnel of that era. The figure is directed upwards, thus emphasizing the courage and heroism shown by the pilot hero in the battles in the sky near Moscow.
The sculpture stands on a granite pedestal, on which gold letters are stamped out: "To the fearless defender of Moscow, Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot Viktor Vasilyevich Talalikhin 1918-1941".
Victor Vasilyevich began serving in the Red Army as early as 1937. He graduated from the aviation school of military pilots in Borisoglebsk.
He accomplished his feat - the first night ram - in 1941, on the night of August 6-7, thus shooting down an enemy aircraft at an altitude of 4.5 thousand meters. Having been wounded in the arm, the brave pilot continued to fight.
In total, until his death in October 1941, a military fighter pilot destroyed 4 Finnish aircrafts. The title of Hero was awarded posthumously.
Monument to the military pilot Viktor Talalikhin in Moscow was installed in a quiet Moscow park, located at the intersection of Malaya Kalitnikovskaya Street and the street bearing his name.
Address: settlement Rogovskoe, village Lopatino
Monument to the Chernobyl heroes in Moscow
In Moscow, on Poklonnaya Hill, they unveiled a monument to the heroes of Chernobyl. In the center of the monument there is a sculptural composition, behind it - a wall in three quarters of a circle. The missing part symbolizes the reactor destroyed by the explosion. Some of the funds for the monument were collected by the liquidators themselves. They were the initiators of his installation, first of all, in order to perpetuate the feat of their fallen comrades, at the cost of life saved humanity from the terrible consequences of the disaster.
“It was our war, as we called it, but at the same time, our victory. The victory over the fact that in parallel the other preserved blocks were put into operation, the first, second, third. All this happened in the shortest period in order to restore the country's energy system, and we are proud of it today, because we are alive, but at the same time we mourn those who are not with us today,” said the President of the Chernobyl Union of Russia Vyacheslav Grishin.
Address: Poklonnaya Mountain
Monument to S.S. Prokofiev in Moscow
The Prokofiev Monument was created by the Russian Military History Society and the Glinka All-Russian Museum Association of Musical Culture. It was installed near the house 6/5 in Kamergersky Lane, where Prokofiev lived his last years. The author of the monument was the national artist of Russia, sculptor Andrei Kovalchuk.
2016 in Russia was dedicated to the work of the famous musician. About 1900 events dedicated to Prokofiev took place in the world.
He is depicted walking down the street to his house. "I love being on the move" are the words of Sergei Prokofiev. It is in this image - walking down the lane among passers-by, wearing a coat, a hat, glasses, hands in his pockets (a copy of a Chicago photo of 1921), depicted Prokofiev in a monument. In his hands there are notes on which “Serge Prokofiev” is written - this is the score of his opera “The Player”. People’s Artist of Russia, the sculptor Andrei Kovalchuk meant this metaphor to convey the essence of the composer’s attitude to creativity and life. Prokofiev was an innovator, a risk-taking player and not paying any attention to the loud whistle rushing from the audience. He continued to create and became a great classic and at the same time an innovator of the twentieth century.
Sergei Prokofiev took a worthy place in the pleiad of the Great Russian composers and managed to say his new word in music. He is the author of numerous symphonic works, operas, and ballets. Prokofiev was very serious about making music for children and for movies.
Address: Kamergersky Lane
Monument to George Dimitrov in Moscow
The monument to the leader of the communist movement in Bulgaria was installed in 1972 at the intersection of Bolshaya Polyanka and Bolshaya Yakimanka streets. From 1956 to 1992, Bolshaya Yakimanka Street was renamed Dimitrov Street, therefore the place for the monument was chosen next to the street named after it. Another argument in favor of the place where the monument was erected was the fact that the House on the embankment, where Dimitrov lived from 1934 to 1945, was located nearby.
In communist Bulgaria, Georgi Dimitrov was revered as Vladimir Ilyich Lenin in the USSR. It is noteworthy that the monumental figure of G. Dimitrov, proudly towering above the flower beds of the square, is dressed in the same clothes as V.I. Lenin. The leader of the Bulgarian people is depicted as courageous and self-confident.
On the granite pedestal, on which the figure is installed, there is a memorial inscription: "George Dimitrov. An outstanding leader of the international communist movement 1882-1949."
Address: Bolshaya Polyanka St., 20
Monument to pilots of the Normandie-Neman regiment in Moscow
Monument to the pilots of the regiment "Normandie-Neman" in Lefortovo is installed in Krasnokursantskom Square on the 1st Krasnokursantskom travel area of Lefortovo. This place was not chosen by chance, since it was here, at the Vvedensky cemetery, that the dead pilots of the Normandie-Neman air regiment were buried.
The first monument to the pilots of the famous regiment was installed in the suburbs of Paris - Le Bourget. The opening ceremony of the monument, held in 2005, was attended by the presidents of Russia and France.
The monument to the pilots of the Normandy-Neman regiment in Lefortovo was solemnly opened on October 10, 2007. The guests of honor during this ceremony were presidents V.V. Putin and N. Sarkozy, who represented two countries associated by a long history - Russia and France.
Address: Krasnokursantsky Square
Monument-bust of Dante Alighieri in Moscow
The monument to Dante Alighieri in the Hermitage Garden was installed in Moscow, and was donated to the city from the Italian government in 2000. This bust was made by Italian sculptor Rinaldo Piras.
Dante Alighieri was an Italian poet who had a serious influence on the development and formation of the modern literary Italian language. He wrote the famous "Divine Comedy", written in the period from 1307 to 1321, which is popular among connoisseurs of poetry today. Literary critics call this work the quintessence of medieval culture.
The quote from the Divine Comedy translated by the Russian poet Mikhail Leonidovich Lozinski, carved on the monument: "He desired freedom so precious, as everyone knows who gives life to it," became a dedication to Dante himself and his high aspirations.
Address: st. Karetny Ryad, 3
Monument to Sholokhov in Moscow
On May 24, 2007, on the birthday of M.A. Sholokhov, a monument was erected not far from the house where the writer lived. The sculpture depicts Sholokhov with oars on the bow of a boat crossing the Don. Horses are swimming across the river around him, the heads of red horses are looking in one direction, the heads of white horses are looking in another, and only one foal does not know where to swim. On the other side of the boulevard there is a bench with bas-reliefs of the plots of the civil war.
They wanted to install the monument to Sholokhov on Gogol Boulevard back in the 80s, but the project was frozen. Then the competition for the monument to Sholokhov was won by Julian Rukavishnikov, the father of the current sculptor Alexander Rukavishnikov. In 2007, the son completed the work of his father, with whom he won the new competition.
In the winter, passersby often hares stuck together from snow into the boat to Mikhail Aleksandrovich, because of which the monument is sometimes ironically called the monument to grandfather Mazay.
Address: Gogol Boulevard
Monument to Ivan Shmelev in Moscow
Ivan Sergeevich Shmelev was an outstanding Russian writer, journalist, Orthodox thinker.
In 1917, Shmelev first enthusiastically embraced the February Revolution; repeatedly spoke at rallies, campaigning for the "marvelous idea of socialism." Pretty soon, however, he was faced with the reverse, black side of the revolution, massacres, famine and other disasters. The October Revolution Shmelev already met with an ardent opponent of Bolshevism.
Shmelev left Moscow for the Crimea, then still unoccupied by the Red Army. In 1920, when the Crimea also fell under the onslaught of the Bolsheviks, the only son of Shmelev, an officer of the Russian army, was arrested and shot. Shmelev himself was not touched.
Shmelev returns to Moscow, seriously thinks about emigration. Ivan Bunin is actively calling him abroad, promising full support. As a result, in 1923, Shmelev left for Paris forever, where he will live 27 years.
Died Shmelev in 1950 in France, buried in the Paris cemetery of Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois.
50 years after the writer's death, at the intersection of Lavrushinsky and Bolshoy Tolmachevsky lanes, near the building of the former gymnasium, where Shmelev studied, his monument was erected.
The monument is a bust of the writer, made in Paris during the life of Shmelev, on a low pedestal in the form of a flute column. The pedestal is decorated with a laconic inscription: "Russian writer Ivan Shmelev".
Address: Bolshoy Tolmachevsky Lane, 3
Monument-bust to V. N. Volkov in Moscow
The monument to the Soviet space pilot Vladislav Volkov was installed on August 7, 1975 on a street named after him. The monument recalls the tragic event of June 30, 1971 - the death of all members of the crew of the Soyuz-11 descent vehicle, which included Vladimir Volkov.
The bronze bust of the pilot is located on granite polished granite pedestal, which bends around the terminating "orbit", symbolizing the cosmonaut's last flight. The inscription on the monument: “Pilot-cosmonaut Volkov Vladislav Nikolayevich,” below there are awards he received - two medals of the Hero of the Soviet Union.
The reason for the death of the crew was a small hole the size of 5 kopecks. According to the official version, it was formed as a result of unforeseen circumstances; however, some scientists consider it to be the result of an error in design calculations. Theoretically, the lethal hole could be plugged by any means at hand; however, the depressurization occurred in a matter of seconds, preventing cosmonauts from doing anything. Dobrovolsky only managed to pull off his seat belts.
After the tragedy, a number of recommendations were urgently developed to eliminate the negative consequences in case of depressurization of the descent vehicle, as well as special suits for astronauts that guarantee the safety of the crew.
Address: st. Cosmonaut Volkov
Monument to the shipbuilder A.N. Krylov in Moscow
The monument to the outstanding Russian shipbuilder, mechanic, mathematician and academician was installed in 1960 near the main building of the Northern River Station. The monument is the work of sculptor L.E. Kerbel and architect Yu.I. Goltsev.
Alexey Nikolaevich Krylov was an outstanding mathematician and mechanic, engineer and inventor, a wonderful teacher and popularizer of scientific knowledge. Krylov lectured on the theory of shipbuilding to future engineers. He actively participated in the design and construction of the first Russian battleships, created the theory of pitching, important practical importance was his work on the unsinkability of the vessel, and all this brought him worldwide fame.
Address: Park of the North River Station
Sculpture Bread in Moscow
In 1937, the sculptor Vera Mukhina created her own sculpture, Bread. Almost 40 years later, in 1976, an exact copy of the monument was installed in the Friendship of Peoples Park, but only by another sculptor.
On the one hand, this seems quite natural, but it’s almost impossible for any self-respecting sculptor to make other people's creations repeat. Most likely, even some sculptors study the works of great masters and in the workshop they are trained to create or reproduce the like, thus honing their skills. But in order not to be in a workshop, but to cast a full-fledged monument, and even leave your authorship on it, it is almost impossible. There is, of course, the option that a person wanted to attach himself to someone else’s glory, or even give his work as the best in comparison with the original, but knowing the history and spirit of the Soviet era, you can be sure that the sculptor A.M. Sergeyev was thoroughly forced to do this.
The monument to the bread in Moscow by sculptor A.M. Sergeev can be found in the Park of Friendship of Peoples (near the metro station River Station).
In those early years (presumably in 1957), a whole park was created on the occasion of the Sixth World Festival of Youth and Students. Then they somehow tried to be friends, even parks were created for this, and in order that the park was not only beautiful, but also cultural, orders were made to various sculptors forcibly. And already the guests of the capital saw beauty and cultural sights everywhere, wondering little about who had to do all this and how quickly so that everything looked like an idyll.
Address: Leningrad highway | Friendship Park
Monument to all the Lovers in Moscow
The monument to all lovers in the Hermitage Garden is located in the western part of the garden, located on Karetny Ryad Street, in Moscow. The monument is a heart made of 70 meters of stainless steel pipes, and the idea for its creation was the heart pattern found on the wall of Juliet's house in Verona.
So, on February 14, 2005, during the celebration of Valentine's Day on the territory of the most romantic garden of the capital, the Silver Rain radio station received a photo of the heart and a year later the opening of this unusual monument took place.
The monument to all lovers is surrounded by a picturesque flower bed, and in the center of the heart Japanese bells hang playing a delicate melody with each wind. Many traditions are associated with the monument, lovers and newlyweds are taking pictures of it with pleasure, and on Valentine's Day an unusual competition for the most passionate and long kiss takes place here.
Address: st. Karetny Ryad, 3
Bust of a surgeon and cardiologist A.N. Bakulev in Moscow
A bronze bust-monument to A. N. Bakulev, an outstanding surgeon and cardiologist, was erected in front of the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Cardiovascular Surgery named after him (Leninsky Ave., 8).
Alexander Nikolaevich Bakulev (1890-1967), the founder of cardiovascular surgery in our country, the author of scientific works on neurosurgery, surgical treatment of the lungs, heart diseases and large vessels, was a versatile specialist and founder of the Soviet school of surgeons.
A.N. Bakulev was the first in the Soviet Union to undergo an operation for congenital heart disease. For work on heart surgery, problems of pulmonary surgery, the scientist was awarded the Lenin and State Prizes.
During the Great Patriotic War, A. N. Bakulev was the chief surgeon of Moscow evacuation hospitals. From 1953 to 1960, he was President of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences. In 1956, he created the Institute of Thoracic Surgery (now Cardiovascular Surgery named after him) and steadily led it until the last days of his life. In 1981, one of the streets of the Brezhnevsky district was named after him.
The authors of the monument are sculptor G. I. Ozolina, architect S. M. Molchanov. The opening took place on June 24, 1976.
Address: Leninsky prospect, d.8 / 7
Monument-bust to K.E. Tsiolkovsky in Moscow
The bust of the eminent scientist and inventor, founder of modern cosmonautics Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky was installed in Petrovsky Park near the Petrovsky Travel Palace on the spot where the Left Palace Avenue begins from Leningradsky Prospect. The choice of location for the monument is explained by the fact that for 75 years, until 1998, the Air Force Engineering Order of Lenin and the October Revolution, the Red Banner Academy named after Professor N. Ye. Zhukovsky was housed in the Palace of the Palace.
The monument is a granite bust of a scientist on a high granite pedestal with the inscription: "Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky 1857-1935." The opening of the monument took place in 1957, the year of the centenary of the birth of the famous Russian scientist.
Address: Left Palace Alley of Petrovsky Park
Monument to a seasonal worker in Moscow
"Seasonal worker" is one of the famous sculptures of Ivan Shadr, installed in the park on Lermontov Square (behind the monument to Lermontov) in 1930; also known as the "seasonal worker monument".
A seasonal worker is a person employed in jobs that, due to natural, climatic or any other reasons, are not performed all year round, but only during a certain period (season), in a broad sense - a worker who came to the city from a distance for the sake of temporary earnings. Nowadays, such workers are often called the dry and slightly contemptuous word "guest worker".
Shadr's sculpture depicts a seasonal man as a lonely person in working clothes with sleeves rolled up over his shoulders and worn-out boots. The worker looks tired and exhausted: his body is hunched, his eyes are thoughtful and filled with melancholy, and with his left hand he nervously twists a strand of hair of an already fallen beard. His appearance is so meaningful, thoughtful and focused, as if the sculpture depicts not a seasonal worker, but a wise ancient Greek philosopher. High anatomical shape attracts attention: wrist and elbow joints, hands and fingers, muscle relief and even large veins, cheekbones look so realistic as if it is a living person of flesh and blood. The sculpture is made of Ural marble and erected on a cubic granite pedestal.
The location for the installation was not accidentally chosen: not far from here, in Orlikovy lane, in the 1920s there was a labor exchange, where seasonal workers who came to Moscow flowed.
Address: Lermontovskaya Square
Sculpture Disc Thrower in Moscow
Since the 1930s, a whole ensemble of various sculptures has been located in Gorky Park, including replicas of world famous antique statues. Among them was the statue of sculptor Myron "Discoball".
Subsequently, the statues were dismantled, and more recently, in 2010, a modern sculpture appeared on one of the alleys of the park leading from the light-music fountain to Pushkin Embankment. It also shows a man throwing a disk, but it looks completely different than the sculpture of Miron. This is a copy of the original sculpture of the master Manizer, created in 1927-1935, for two parks at once - the Central Park of Culture and Culture of Moscow (Gorky) and Leningrad (Kirov).
Address: Central Park of Culture and Rest named after Gorky. Central alley
Monument to Shurik and Lida in Moscow
The place of interest is a fifteen minute walk from the Tekstilshchiki metro station.
Fans of Soviet films well remember one of the funniest episodes in the movie “Operation Y and Other Adventures of Shurik”, when Shurik and Lidochka, while preparing for exams, read together one synopsis. This moment was reproduced in the sculpture, installed at the Moscow Economic Institute in 2012, just on January 25, when student's day is celebrated.
The only difference is that Shurik is on the left and not on the right hand, as it was in the film, but this is the only difference. In all other respects, the figures of “eternal students” completely repeat the frame from the film - Lidochka in a light dress with hair gathered in a tail, Shurik in his famous glasses with an armpit book looks over her shoulder, trying to read as much as possible, there are no emotions on their faces except extreme concentration - just like in the movies! Natalya Selezneva, who played Lidochka in the film, came to the opening of the monument; admirers of his work come to see the heroes of the comedy of Gaidai, but for the students it became a symbol of the successful passing of the session.
Address: st. Artyukhina, 6, 1
Monument to Gleb Zheglov and Vladimir Sharapov in Moscow
A monument to the heroes of the Soviet film “The meeting place cannot be changed” Gleb Zheglov and Vladimir Sharapov were installed near the entrance to the main building of the Moscow police on Petrovka, 38.
The monument in the form of a sculpture composition of two figures and a height of more than 2 meters is made in bronze. Figures of Zheglov and Sharapov are facing each other on the steps of the main building of the Moscow police. The opening ceremony of the monument was attended by the creator of the sculpture, Alexander Rukavishnikov, the leadership of the State Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in Moscow, as well as police veterans.
"These heroes are a symbol of the Moscow Criminal Investigation Department. They are endowed with qualities such as courage, patriotism, dedication to duty, integrity and honesty," said retired police chief Vasily Kuptsov at the ceremony. According to him, Zheglov and Sharapov charged not only the entire Soviet militia, but also ordinary citizens with cheerfulness and patriotism.
Address: Petrovka St., 38G
Monument to Friedrich Engels in Moscow
The monument to Friedrich Engels, an outstanding politician, one of the founders of Marxism, a friend and co-author of Karl Marx, was installed in 1976 in a public garden near the Prechistensky Gate square.
The authors of the monument are the sculptor I. Kozlovsky and the architects A. Zavarzin and A. Usachev depicted Engels in the pose of the thinker. Arms crossed, he gazes into the distance. A large bronze figure is set on a relatively low granite pedestal on which it is written: "Friedrich Engels".
Why a monument is installed exactly on the Ostozhenka and Prechistenka arrow is not entirely clear. Nothing connected with the one or the other street of the German philosopher.
In the nineties of the last century, it was planned to dismantle it, following the monuments of other leaders of the proletariat, but the mayor of the city, Yuri Luzhkov, decided to leave the sculpture in place.
Address: st. Prechistenka, 4c2
Sculpture “Peace to the World!” in Moscow
The monument “Peace to the World!” was established in 1957 on the square of the Novodevichy Convent, not far from the convent in Khamovniki. Sculptor Savitsky worked on the monument. Its opening was held in honor of the Seventh World Festival of Students.
It represents three people of different nationalities, in whose hands there is a globe. This composition explains that there should be no hostility between countries. To date, there are two people left, the girl standing on a pedestal bent on its side due to foot corrosion, and then disappeared.
Address: B.Pirogovskaya ul., 53/55
Courage Square in Moscow
Memorial complex "Square of Courage" was created in Izmailovsky Park in 1968 in memory of the fact that during World War II it was here, in the park, that the Moscow 85th Guards Mortar Regiment "Katyusha" was formed. In memory of this and the role played by the "Katyushas" in the Victory in the Great Patriotic War and a memorial was created.
On high pedestals on the square of Courage, samples of military equipment were installed that went all the way to Berlin, and of course the legendary Katyushas and the T-34 tank occupy the main place in the open-air exposition. There is also a monument to the workers of the Izmailovo Park who died during the war, commemorative steles in honor of the units that took part in the hostilities and a memorial obelisk in honor of the partisan detachments. The Square of Courage is a favorite place for walking, as well as a place where anyone can stop, think about those terrible years and pay tribute to the memory of all who have contributed to the great Victory.
Address: Izmailovsky Park, Alley of the Big Circle, 7
Monument to the soldiers of the internal troops in Moscow
The monument to the soldiers of the internal troops in Moscow was installed on November 10, 2002 opposite the Central Museum of Internal Troops, on the territory of the Krasnokursantsky public garden, on the 1st Krasnokursantsky passage.
Since over the past ten years in the line of duty, more than 2,000 servicemen of the internal troops have lost their lives, it was decided to perpetuate the memory of them, as well as all the generations who died during the military duty of the soldiers. For this purpose, a memorial was installed, which consists of a nine-meter granite stele and a sculpture of a grieving mother standing next to it.
Address: st. Krasnokazarmennaya, 9 A
Monument to aviators who died on the Khodynka field in Moscow
In 2008, during the inauguration of the Aviators' Park (the renovated and renamed Chapayevsky Park), a memorial stone was installed at its entrance - the Monument to the Aviators who died on the Khodynka Field.
Recall that since the beginning of the twentieth century and up to 2003, an airfield has been located on the Khodynka field, since 1926, the airfield named after T. Frunze. Over the years, during various tests, 108 pilots died at the aerodrome. Among them was the famous Valery Chkalov.
In place of the stone is supposed to erect the Chapel of the Archangel Gabriel in memory of the fallen aviators. It, in turn, will be devoted not only to the pilots who died on Khodynka, but also to 35,000 pilots who died in the Great Patriotic War, as well as to all aviators who died in peacetime.
Address: Leningradsky prospect, 59
A memorial plaque to Anna Politkovskaya in Moscow
Адрес: Потаповский переулок
A memorial plaque to the journalist of “Novaya Gazeta” Anna Politkovskaya, who was killed on October 7, 2006, was opened in 2013 in the office of the editorial office in Potapovsky lane.
“You will see today a memorial plaque - the talented work of the young sculptor Ivan Balashov and architect Peter Kozlov, you will see three sheets torn out of Anya’s combat notebook,” said the editor-in-chief of the Novaya Gazeta Dmitry Muratov. “So I hope, I want the fourth sheet to appear next to them - with the names of customers and anyone who will be punished for this murder.”
Address: Potapovsky Lane
Monument to Pilot Popkov in Moscow
The monument to Popkov was made during the life of the famous pilot, twice hero of the Soviet Union. Vitaly Ivanovich Popkov was born in Moscow in 1922. After studying, he was sent to the army in the field. During the war, V.I. Popkov made 475 sorties, conducted 117 air battles, personally shooting down 41 enemy aircraft, the pilot was twice the Hero of the Soviet Union.
“Quiet and modest on the ground, he fights with all the hatred and stubbornness in the air, smashes the fascist invaders and always emerges as the winner of the most difficult air battles,” describes Vitaly Popkov his combat performance. Being the leader of the squadron, he never raised his voice to subordinates; the pilots said that their team was the friendliest in the regiment.
The monument is a bronze bust of Pilot Popkov, Hero of the USSR, standing on a granite pedestal. Vitaly Popkov was captured in his youth; it is known that at the end of the war the pilot was only 23 years old. The pilot is depicted in uniform with all the awards. On the front side of the pedestal there is a bronze plate with the text of the decree awarding V. I. Popkov the second Gold Star medal and an order to erect a monument in his honor.
Address: Samotechny Square
Monument to Lesia Ukrainka in Moscow
The monument to the great poet Lesia Ukrainka was opened in Moscow to the Day of the City in 2006. This original sculpture has become a real decoration of the Ukrainian Boulevard, which connects the space between the square in front of the Kiev railway station and the Ukraine Hotel, which is considered one of the most beautiful high-rise buildings in the capital.
The monument to Lesia Ukrainka brings a fabulous lyrical mood. The figure of the poetess is depicted against the background of a spring tree with birds. This composition represents the poetry of Ukraine. Lesya Ukrainka is depicted as if the young poetess under the canopy of a golden tree listens attentively to the singing of the bird, holding an open book in her hands.
Address: Ukrainian Boulevard
Memorial sign in honor of 400 years of the liberation of Moscow
A memorial sign in honor of the 400th anniversary of the liberation of Moscow from the Polish invaders in 1612 by the second national militia under the leadership of Prince D.M. Pozharsky and Zemsky headman K. Minin.
It was here, at Rostokinsky Hill, at the intersection of the Yauza River and the Trinity Road (today Mira Avenue), the track camp of the Minin and Pozharsky people's militia was stationed in 1612. From here the army moved to the storming of the China-city, as a result of which Moscow was liberated from the invaders.
Stela is a 8-meter granite column, topped with the emblem of Russia - a bronze double-headed eagle. The column is made in the form of a dark brown hipped form on a small pedestal. In the lower part along the circumference relief images of the scenes of 1612 are placed: Minin and Pozharsky, the tents of the Russian troops at Yauza, the campaign of militia soldiers, the walls of the Kremlin, the patriarch Hermogenes.
The project was executed by a team of authors under the leadership of A. Kovalchuk, a national artist of Russia. Opened on November 3, 2012.
Address: Park Aqueduct
Monument "Tree of Love" in Moscow
The idea of creating a monument, symbolizing eternal love, a famous sculptor and painter Grigory Pototsky had many years bearing. Thus, the sculpture “The Tree of Love” appeared in the Moscow Park “Trubetskoy's Estate in Khamovniki”. The three-meter stone composition resembles a tree and depicts a young man and a girl who are merged together, who, as if with flexible branches, firmly intertwined with each other with their hands, bodies, and souls.
In a dense crown, among the branches of an unusual tree, bright images of angels protecting gentle feelings, birds giving wings to lovers, hands creating strong relations are guessed.
Despite the size and massiveness, the sculpture looks very light and airy. This is where the deep philosophical meaning of the author’s idea lies. He represents love as something great and omnipotent, but at the same time very gentle, fragile and vulnerable. The work of the artist calls to think about the bright and beautiful feeling that is not easy to find and so easy to lose. It is not by chance that the sculptor united a tree - a symbol of eternal life on earth, with a reverent image of two loving hearts, emphasizing the eternal value of human relationships.
Sculpture as if directed forward, to the bright dream, to a happy future. It charges with positive emotions and gives hope that each of us will meet his soul mate.
Address: st. Usacheva, 1a
The sculptural ensemble "Signs of the Zodiac" in Moscow
The Moscow sculptor Andrei Aseryants became the author of this unusual ensemble. He decided to move away from generally accepted standards and use improvised material for sculptures, which he sought out in the neighboring garbage dumps: rusty pipes and broken iron pieces, an ejected compressor from the refrigerator, broken parts of various mechanisms, suspension from the old BMW. It should be noted that the sculptor already has experience in creating sculptures from a similar material: The signs of the zodiac were preceded by monuments to the Janitor and Lomonosov.
It is not surprising that, passing in the morning in the traditional gloomy mood through the square residents of the surrounding houses begin to smile at the sight of Zodiac Signs from scrap metal. A horns-packed Capricorn superbiker stands near a heaped motorcycle. A Sagittarius in the form of a bully-boy, not hesitating to passers-by, aims at the nearest lantern. Aries proudly sits on the drum, and the Virgin is depicted as a gentle schoolgirl holding a balloon in her hand. And what can we say about Aquarius!
And each Sign must have a flashlight: at Capricorn - in a motorcycle headlamp, at a maiden - in a balloon, at Scorpio - on the tail. Alas, over the years the composition of the lanterns or broke, or simply stolen.
Address: st. Yeniseevskaya / New Beringov pr-d
Eiffel Tower in Moscow
The Eiffel Tower in Moscow is located not far from the Aviamotornaya metro station in the territory of one of the manufacturing enterprises - the Moskabelmet plant. An exact copy of the world architectural celebrity was built by the workers of this plant themselves. If we compare this Eiffel Tower, say, with a five-story house, then it will be approximately the same height. For reference, the height of the original Paris Eiffel Tower is 324 meters.
However, all those who want to touch a piece of Paris can face with for not a pleasant surprise. The fact is that a designer miracle created from metal structures is located on the territory of a regime enterprise, and therefore it is not so easy to see and even touch it with your own hands. To get on the territory of the Moskabelmet plant, you must have an appropriate pass with you. Such passes are handled by the company’s administration, and, as a rule, passes are issued only to its employees.
However, there are still ways to fulfill your dream. How to do this without violating the law, you can consult with the administration of the enterprise itself or look for relevant information on thematic forums specializing in Moscow sights.
Despite all the austerity, the administration and security service of the Moskabelmet plant sometimes still goes forward. There are not rare cases when the lucky ones still get their way and arrange a photo shoot near the Moscow Eiffel Tower.
Address: 2 Kabelnaya st. 2,. 2
Monument to Janka Kupala in Moscow
In the biography of the Belarusian writer and poet Yanka Kupala, a short period is associated with Moscow, during which he studied at the people's university of the gold miner and philanthropist Adolf Shanyavsky. In Moscow, Kupala spent about a year, and then was called up for military service.
A monument in the Russian capital was installed in the summer of 2007 on Kutuzovsky Prospect in the Dorogomilovo district. The installation of the monument was timed to the 125th anniversary of the poet. The initiative to install the monument came from the President of the Republic of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko, and was supported by Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov. Casting bronze sculpture was made in Belarus. Moscow Square, in which it was planned to erect a monument, was landscaped: a small mound hill was made for the monument, the paths were tiled, and a fountain was also installed near the monument. Around the hill boulders of granite were laid.
The height of the monument along with a stone pedestal was seven meters. The poet was depicted standing near a low hedge, on which an open book lay, and next to the hedge sculptors placed a large sheet of fern, apparently appealing to the pseudonym of the poet (the real name of Yanka Kupala is Ivan Lutsevich). The poet's face is thoughtful, arms crossed over his chest.
In addition to poems and prose, Yanka Kupala wrote dramatic and journalistic works, translated books of Russian writers into the Belarusian language. His work was marked by the highest state awards of the USSR - the Stalin Prize and the Order of Lenin.
Address: Kutuzov Avenue, 30
Sculpture News in Moscow
Sculpture "News" is the author's creation of sculptors A.B. Lyagin and S.E. Molkova. It was installed in 2008 in a small square in Moscow, in Bryusov Lane, next to the Church of the Resurrection of the Word on the Assumption Vrazhok. The sculpture is a figure of a lion, on which an angel sits with his hands up.
The author A.B. Lyagin himself speaks about the meaning of the sculpture: “It is always inexplicable,” he says, “something seemed to dream, something was remembered, something was thought, a vision had arisen ... The idea comes almost from nowhere. So "News" appeared. Angel is sitting on a lion. The lion is the king of beasts, the symbol of the flesh. The angel is a symbol of spirituality. A composition appeared in which I, as an author, decided for myself the questions of being and the world order. ”
Address: Bryusov Lane, 4
Sculptural composition "White City" in Moscow
The sculptural and spatial composition "White City" is located on the territory of the business center "White Square" near the Belorusskaya metro station.
The composition consists of seven figures made of stainless steel using collage techniques, each of which has a height of 3.5 meters, approximately 2 human heights.
Gigantic figures of men and women are installed in the pedestrian zone between the buildings of the business center "White Square". According to the idea of the author of the project, sculptor George Frangulian, this composition with its shape and size will help pedestrians feel comfortable among high-rise buildings and become a transitional scale between people and the surrounding buildings.
This is the first attempt to install a sculpture composition in the city, which is not an illustration of a specific event and is not dedicated to a specific person. These are people in the city.
Address: Lesnaya ul., 5
Monument-bust to aircraft designer Yakovlev in Moscow
Monument – bust to aircraft designer A.S. Yakovlev is located in a public garden near Chapaevsky Lane, at the entrance to Aviators Park. It depicts the famous Soviet aircraft designer, Colonel General of Aviation in the form of a military man, with his regalia.
The opening of the monument took place on August 18, 1976, during the lifetime of A.S. Yakovlev. It is made of bronze and a memorial inscription is carved on the pedestal of the monument. The authors of this monument are the architect A.A. Zavarzin, the sculptor M.K. Anikushin.
Soviet aircraft designer Yakovlev Alexander Sergeevich is the creator of the legendary Yak aircraft. Under the leadership of A.S. Yakovlev more than 200 types and modifications of aircraft were designed and produced.
Address: Leningradsky Prospect, 59 Aviators Park
Monument to A.N. Radischev in Moscow
Monument to A.N. Radishchev, a Russian writer and poet, a famous philosopher, director of the Petersburg Customs, a member of the Commission on drafting laws, was installed on Verkhnyaya Radishchevskaya Street.
This bust, the author of which is sculptor V.I. Usov, appeared in this part of the capital in 1995. The place was not chosen by chance - it was along this street that Alexander Nikolaevich was driving in 1797, when he was returning home after long years of Siberian exile.
Bronze bust of A.N. Radishchev is set on a high, column-like, cylindrical pedestal, which is decorated with a cartouche. If we compare the monument with the portraits of Alexander Nikolayevich that have come down to our days, then it is noticeable that the master executed very accurately the image of Radishchev. The writer is depicted dressed in a frock coat, and his neck is framed by a fashionable jabot at that time.
Address: Verkhnyaya Radischevskaya ul., 16
Monument to the memory of the revolution of 1905 in Moscow
The installation site of the monument “Monument to the memory of the revolution of 1905” on the Krasnopresnenskaya outpost square near the 1905 metro station was not chosen by chance. In the Krasnopresnensky district of Moscow every street, every lane is a witness of the rebellious December days of 1905. At that time, Presnya became the center of an armed uprising in Moscow. It was on its streets that the fiercest and bloodiest battles of the first Russian revolution took place between representatives of the working class and the royal troops.
Designed by the sculptors O. A. Ikonnikov, V. A. Fedorov and architects M. E. Konstantinov, A. M. Polovnikov, V. N. Fursov in honor of the 75th anniversary of the December armed uprising of 1905, it was solemnly opened February 17, 1981.
The monument became a symbol of proletarian courage and revolutionary steadfastness shown by the Presnensky workers in the heroic days of the first Russian revolution.
On a low, long pedestal of polished red granite, three five-meter bronze sculptural groups are located. In the center of the composition there are workers-combatants with arms in their hands under the fluttering banner. One of them raises a rifle to heaven in a triumphant gesture.
The right of them captures the battle of an unarmed worker and girls with a gendarme on a horse rearing up - in memory of an episode when young weavers from Trekhgorka Maria Kozyreva and Alexander Bykov (Morozov) with a red banner rushed towards the Cossacks and made them turn back.
Address: Krasnopresnenskaya outpost
Monument to the volunteer militia in Moscow
The monument to the “Volunteers of the 13th and 6th divisions of the national militia defending Moscow” is a memorial located at the entrance to the Ostankino Park.
The memorial is a marble slab, standing vertically, on which bronze bas-reliefs are reinforced depicting soldiers in helmets and with weapons in their hands, battle flags and fire. The height of the whole composition is about 5.5 meters.
The monument is dedicated to the heroes who fell in the battles for Moscow during the Great Patriotic War. Every year on Victory Day here they honor veterans and the lay solemnly the wreaths.
Address: 1st Ostankinskaya Str., 5
Monument to the heroic warriors in Moscow
The opening of the monument to “Heroes, participants of barricade battles on Krasnaya Presnya” was held in December 1981 near the Gorbaty Bridge. This is the place of the uprisings and fierce battles of the workers with the police during the beginning of the revolutionary actions in the country. Authorship belongs to the sculptor D. B. Ryabichev and architect V.A. Nesterov.
The monument is made in the form of three figures. The first is a girl carrying a flag waving in the wind, the second is a man who, dropping to one knee, is holding a weapon, and the third is a young guy leaning behind a stone. The basis for the composition is a powerful granite pedestal.
Krasnaya Presnya Street, which is located near these places, has gone down in history because of the defensive battles that took place on it. Other nearby streets are Barrikadnaya and Ulitsa 1905, which got their name because of the revolutionary events.
Address: 2 Krasnopresnenskaya Embankment
Monument to Fyodor Poletayev in Moscow
The monument to Fyodor Poletayev, a Soviet soldier and participant in the Italian Resistance movement during the Great Patriotic War, is located in Moscow at the intersection of Yesenin Boulevard with a street named after the hero himself.
The monument consists of two parts: the bust of the hero, mounted on a column with carved name and surname, and a plate on which the years of his life and a brief description of his feat are shown. Both parts of the monument are made of red granite, and the area around is paved with paving slabs.
This monument is a landmark of Esenin Boulevard. People come here to honor the memory of the Soviet hero, not only local residents, but also guests of the capital. Near the monument you can often find fresh flowers and wreaths.
Address: Yeseninsky Boulevard
Monument Bird of Happiness in Moscow
The monument is located opposite the Moscow Choral Synagogue in Bolshoy Spasoglinischevsky Lane. The sculptural composition depicts a hand releasing a dove, which symbolizes the friendship of peoples, the desire for peace and harmony between them. On the side of the sculpture is a small wall of crushed bricks - such a piece of the Wailing Wall in Moscow.
The monument was opened on May 16, 2001, sculptor - Igor Burganov.
Address: Big Spasoglinischevsky lane
Monument of the 7th Bauman division of the national militia in Moscow
The 7th Division of the People’s Militia of the Bauman District was formed in early July 1941.
The 7th division of the people's militia in October took the fight on the outskirts of Vyazma, where most of the fighters died. The monument was built in honor of the 13,000 baumans who died during the Great Patriotic War. A three-meter-high vykolotnaya sculpture depicts a woman with a photo of a dead soldier in her hands and a little girl standing to her right. The woman’s face is turned in the direction of the Epiphany Cathedral.
Address: Crossing Street. - N. Basmannaya and S. Basmannaya
Monument to the Tree of Life in Moscow
The Tree of Life Monument was opened in Moscow on October 11, 2004. The author of the monument is the famous sculptor Ernst Unknown. This monument has a very long history and difficult fate. For 50 years, the authorities did not give permission for its installation.
For the first time, the model of the monument was presented by Ernst Unknown at an exhibition in Moscow on November 26, 1962. At first, negotiations were held on the installation of a monument on Arbat, opposite the city hall building. It was planned that the Tree of Life would be a building 150 meters high, and it would house the interior. However, the sculptor was denied, arguing that the monument looks like a nuclear explosion, although its outlines exactly repeat the shape of the human heart. As a result, the foundation of the Tree of Life monument was established, which for several years fought for the right to establish it.
The sculptor himself explained that the idea of a monument is to unite in a single composition all the existing religions of the world, even little-known ones. The branches of the tree look like Mobius ribbons, and personify the mathematical and architectural essence of life.
After lengthy negotiations, the monument was allowed to be established, although the height of the monument in the end is only seven meters, and you can see the Tree of Life on the Bagration Bridge.
Address: Kutuzov Avenue
Monument to Nikolay Starostin in Luzhniki in Moscow
Monument to the founder of the football club "Spartak" and the outstanding Soviet football player N.P. Starostin is installed on the alley of sports Glory in Luzhniki.
The author of the bronze sculpture A. Rukavishnikov portrayed an athlete sitting after a difficult match in the locker room. The footballer has just started to change clothes - he has a towel on his shoulders, a boot on the bench, and the Spartak club jersey is on the floor. Probably, remembering the acute moment of the game, he thoughtfully raised his head up and put his right foot on the ball.
The monument does not have a pedestal and is located directly on the ground, which makes it quite real; from a close distance you can take the figure of a football player for a real person. Near the monument there is a stone with the inscription: “Starostin Nikolai Petrovich”.
Address: Luzhnetskaya nab., Alley of sports Glory
Monument to Manas the Magnanimous in Moscow
The Kyrgyz epos about Manas - the bogatyr who united the Kirghiz - is the largest epos of the Kirghiz people and the longest epos in the world: the legends about the exploits of the bogatyr, his son and grandson are 2 times longer than the ancient Indian Mahabharata and cover a significant historical period.
The sculpture "Manas the Magnanimous" in Moscow Friendship Park, which depicts a hero on horseback, was installed in 2012 - as a gift from the Kyrgyz Republic to Moscow. Sculptors J. Kadraliyev, D. Zholchuev, B. Sydykov and T. Mederov, as well as architects D. Yryskulov, A. Nasirdinova and M. Sklyarov became the authors of the monument.
Manas is a hero of the Kyrgyz epos describing the struggle of the Kirghiz against external (in the face of Chinese and Afghan invaders) and internal (in the face of traitors and intriguers) enemies. The plot begins with the death of the Kyrgyz Khan Nogoy, after which the Chinese, taking advantage of the weakness of his successors, seize the Kyrgyz lands and drive them out of the Talas Alatau (Ala-Too). The younger son of Noah, Jacquel, falls on Altai, where he lives among Kalmyks and, being a hard-working man, earns a fortune. At first, fate refuses to send him a son, and in the hope of a miracle, he prays to the Almighty and travels to holy places; diligence was rewarded, and a son was born, named Manas - an extraordinary strength and mind of a child, the fame of which spread far beyond the borders of Altai. Performing military exploits, Manas unites many Kalmyk and Kyrgyz tribes and Manchu tribes and becomes Khan. Subsequently, having collected an army, he liberates the lands of his people from invaders.
Address: Leningradskoye sh. 88
Monument to a stripper in Moscow
The graceful statuette of a fragile girl dancing on a pole, between heaven and earth, in the very center of the capital, during the day reminds all passersby of the city’s vibrant nightlife.
The monument is located opposite the men's club-bar "Polar Bear", around banks, shops, cars rush past, and the girl made of iron and copper gracefully dances, causing only aesthetic pleasure. Beautiful and without vulgarity, as in a museum. The statuette plays in gold or silver when the sun shines. Expressive face, thin arms, long legs - all according to the club canons of beauty. Despite the fact that the girl is all metal, she seems to be alive, but indifferent to all this urban bustle.
Address: Ave. Mira, d. 116a
Bust of V.A. Zhukovsky in Moscow
In St. Petersburg on June 4, 1887, a bust of V. A. Zhukovsky was set up in the Alexander Garden. Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky was a translator, Russian poet, educator of the heir to the throne, author of the text of the national Russian hymn "God Save the Tsar."
Architect is A.S. Lytkin, sculptor is V.P. Kreitan. Materials: bust in bronze; pedestal of granite, red Finnish. The height of the monument pedestal is 2.25 meters; the height of the poet’s bust is 1.15 meters.
The opening of the bust was held specifically for the centenary of the birth of the great poet. The installation site for the monument was not accidentally chosen, because Zhukovsky was one of the tutors of the future Tsar Alexander II, and was very close to the whole imperial family.
Address: Lyalin Lane, 28/19
Monument to the Defenders of the Fatherland at the Holy Lake in Moscow
In the Kosino-Ukhtomsky district of Moscow, on December 27, 2014, a monument was opened to soldiers who defended their homeland from the time of the Mughal-Tatar yoke to the present day.
In the center of the memorial complex there is a stele, in the upper part of which is the Russian coat of arms, at the foot of the "Eternal Flame" - a five-pointed star framed by a laurel wreath. In the middle of the obelisk there is the inscription: "Glory to the defenders of the Fatherland." On both sides of the stele there are images devoted to various wars: the Battle of Kulikovo, the Patriotic War of 1812, the Crimean War of 1853, the First World War, the Great Patriotic War, and participants in all local (small) wars.
The monument is located on the shore of the Holy Lake, near the chapel, near the Orthodox Church of the Trinity.
The monument was erected on the initiative of members of the Union of Afghanistan, the Council of Veterans of the Kosino-Ukhtomsky district and local residents.
Address: Orangereynaya Street
Monument to student construction teams in Moscow
One of the numerous monuments that is easy to find on the territory of Moscow State University is called the “Monument to student groups”. The opening date of the monument also became the XXI century - in fact it was in 2009 that the 50th anniversary of the movement called "Student Construction Squad" was celebrated. And MSU, of course, was the first to enter this list: after all, the first such detachment was created in 1959 here, at the Faculty of Physics. Therefore, the monument was placed on the site, not far from the academic building.
A. Rukavishnikov worked on the monument. He depicted the students standing in a circle, while they are shown back to each other. They hold hands. Of course, the students almost immediately came up with a nickname to the monument - “a monument to green men” because of the bronze that gives this color. A curious fact - until recently, there was not a single monument on the territory of Moscow State University to the most frequently encountered person here - a student. Ivan Shuvalov, Mikhail Lomonosov, Walt Whitman - there are monuments to these famous personalities on the territory of Moscow State University, but there was no simple monument to a student. At the grand opening of the monument, the banner was held by that same student detachment, which in the summer of 2009 traveled to the homeland of M. V. Lomonosov. At the opening ceremony, the wish was also expressed that there would be more and more student groups in Russia.
Address: Leninskie gory, 1 building 2
Monument to Amur tigers in Moscow
A monument to Amur tigers was discovered on Myasnitskaya Street, 40, Building 1. Two bronze tiger cubs and a hedgehog hid between the trees. On the place where the monument stands, there was a stall before.
The author of the sculpture is the Far Eastern wildlife researcher Peter Chegodaev. Especially for this work, he spent more than one hour in the taiga and watched the real tigers.
The weight of each tiger is 150–200 kilograms. They are installed not just on the ground, but on natural stone. The monument was cast in Krasnoyarsk, in the workshop of the famous sculptor Konstantin Zinich. And the sculpture was opened by Denis Astapkin, director of the Amur Tiger Center, in front of which the monument was erected.
In addition to tigers the composition of the sculpture got a hedgehog ...
“The fact is that this is a collective image of young predatory animals that first came out of the shelter and saw a hedgehog,” Denis Astapkin explained. - Though they are dangerous, they are still kind and playful, like any children.
Peter Chegodaev hopes that the monument will help draw attention to the problem of preserving the Amur tiger.
“If you don’t think about animals today, then it may be late,” he says.
Address: st. Myasnitskaya 40
Monument to the Moscow people's militia
Militias are warriors who are convened by the state only for the duration of hostilities (as a rule, for the purpose of defense). Most often, these are people either already serving in the army or for one reason or another discharged from service in the permanent troops. Along with regular troops and partisan detachments, the militia also contributed to the victory over fascism, playing a significant role in the Great Patriotic War.
The monument to the Militiamen was established in 1974 in the square at the intersection of Marshal Zhukov Avenue and the Narodny Militia Street in honor of the national militia divisions that fought against the fascist hordes near Moscow.
The sculptural composition is a group of militias, fully equipped and ready to fight. Only in Moscow during the first four days of the war, 12 divisions of the people's militia were created, in memory of which in 1964 the people's Militia street was named.
Address: Ave. Marshal Zhukov
Good Angel of World in Moscow
The architectural complex "Good Angel of the World" is located in Moscow, in the park of the 850th anniversary of Moscow, along Porechnaya Street. It was opened on June 8, 2007, and its creator is Peter Stronsky - Honored Artist of the Russian Federation.
The complex is a marble column, almost 11 meters high, with an angel figure at the top, and the angel is holding a burning heart, which is considered a symbol of self-sacrifice. The column is located at the center of the intersection of four alleys, each of which is named after the motto "Word, Deed, Glory, Honor!".
The main part of the stele is located in the center of the marble ring, which supports nine marble columns. The inscription “Good Angel of the World” is printed in gold letters on the ring. The total area of the composition is more than one and a half thousand square meters. Sponsor of the creation of the monument was the International Charitable Foundation "Patrons of the Century."
Address: st. Porechnaya
Monument-bust to Komarov in Moscow
Vladimir Komarov is one of the first cosmonauts of the Soviet Union. In 1964, during the space flight of the Voskhod ship, the crew of which he headed, several historical events occurred at once: the Voskhod ship became the first multi-vessel ship in history - the crew for the first time consisted of three people. For the first time, astronauts were aboard without spacesuits. For the first time, a soft landing system was used.
The flight was completed successfully, for which Vladimir Komarov was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union, and was also awarded the Order of Lenin and the Red Star Medal. But the second flight, in 1967, ended tragically. The Soyuz-1 ship, piloted by Komarov (this time he was on board alone), crashed during landing. Vladimir Komarov died.
The monument-bust of Vladimir Komarov was installed on the Cosmonauts Alley in 1967 as part of a sculptural group of five monuments. In addition to the monument to Komarov, it includes the busts of Yuri Gagarin, Valentina Tereshkova, Pavel Belyaev and Alexey Leonov.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument-bust to Leonov in Moscow
A.A. Leonov was a Soviet cosmonaut number 11. In 1965, he made the first in the history of mankind out of the ship into open space.
The bust monument to Alexei Leonov was installed in 1967 on the Cosmonauts Alley as part of a sculpture group consisting of five sculptures: busts of Yuri Gagarin, Valentina Tereshkova and Pavel Belyaev to the right of Leonov, and Vladimir Komarov’s bust on the left. All sculptures are made in a similar manner.
In 1981, the bust of M. Keldysh (sculptor Y. Chernov) was installed on the alley, and in 2001 - the bust of V. Glushko (sculptor A. Bichukov).
On April 9, 2017, the alley was replenished with four new bust in honor of the twice heroes of the Soviet Union, cosmonauts Alexander Alexandrov, Valentin Lebedev, Svetlana Savitskaya and Vladimir Solovyov. The authors of the monuments were the architects V. Perfilyev and A. K. Tikhonov, the sculptors A. V. Balashov, A. S. Zabaluev, I. N. Novikov and E. I. Kazanskaya.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument-bust to Belyaev in Moscow
Pavel Belyaev was a Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR No. 10. In 1965, he headed the crew of the Voskhod-2 spacecraft, consisting of two people (the second cosmonaut was Alexey Leonov). In the course of this flight, the first man’s exit from a ship into open space took place. This man was Yevgeny Leonov, however, it’s also not worthwhile to diminish the merits of Pavel Belyaev as the head of the crew. Moreover, already during the landing of the ship, the unexpected happened: the navigation instruments refused, Belyaev had to land the ship almost manually. And if it were not for his clear and correct actions, the historic flight could have ended in tragedy - the members of the heroic crew could not have returned to Earth alive.
The monument to Pavel Belyaev, located on the Cosmonauts Alley, is part of the sculptural group consisting of five busts installed in 1967: on the left of Belyaev there are sculptures of Yuri Gagarin and Valentina Tereshkova, on the left - Alexey Leonov and Vladimir Komarov. All monuments are made in a similar manner.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument-bust to Tereshkova in Moscow
The bust of V.V. Tereshkova, installed in 1967 on the Cosmonauts Alley, was opened in honor of the first woman cosmonaut and Hero of the USSR.
The authors of the monument are the sculptor George P. Postnikov and the architects A. N. Kolchin and Mikhail Osipovich Barsch. Monument to the pilot of the spacecraft outwardly is a bronze bust portrait, erected on a granite pedestal.
The figurative expressiveness of the portrait is laconic, made in a heroic spirit and effective in its plastic form.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument-bust to Gagarin in Moscow
The monument-bust of the first-ever cosmonaut Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin is installed on the Cosmonauts Alley, located near the northern entrance hall of the VDNKh metro station.
The bust of the work of Lev Kerbel is included in the sculptural group consisting of five monuments to outstanding astronauts, performed in a single manner. Next to Yuri Gagarin there are sculptures of Valentina Tereshkova, Pavel Belyaev, Alexey Leonov and Vladimir Komarov.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument-bust to Solovyov in Moscow
The monument-bust twice to the Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot-cosmonaut Vladimir Solovyov was opened on the Alley of Astronauts on April 9, 2016 as part of a sculptural group, where, besides Solovyov’s bust, there were busts twice to Heroes of the Soviet Union Alexander Alexandrov, Valentin Lebedev and Svetlana Savitskaya. The event was timed to the Day of Cosmonautics, and the heroes of the cosmos themselves took part in the opening of sculptures.
The sculptural composition is set near the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics at the obelisk "To the Conquerors of Space". All sculptures are made in the same style. Architects V.V. worked on the project. Perfilyev and A.K. Tikhonov and sculptors A.V. Balashov, A.S. Zabaluev, E.I. Kazan and I.N. Novikov.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument-bust to Alexandrov in Moscow
The monument-bust twice to the Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot-cosmonaut Alexander Alexandrov was opened on the Cosmonauts Alley on April 9, 2016 as part of a sculptural group, where besides Alexandrov bust included the busts of Valentin Lebedev, Svetlana Savitskaya and Vladimir Solovyev. The event was timed to the Day of Cosmonautics, and the heroes of the cosmos themselves took part in the opening of sculptures.
The sculptural composition is set near the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics at the obelisk "To the Conquerors of Space".
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument-bust to Savitskaya in Moscow
The monument-bust twice to the Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot-cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya was opened on the Alley of Cosmonauts on April 9, 2016 as part of a sculptural group, where besides the bust of the world's second female cosmonaut entered busts twice to Heroes of the Soviet Union Alexander Alexandrov, Valentina Lebedev and Vladimir Solovyov. The event was timed to the Day of Cosmonautics, and the heroes of the cosmos themselves took part in the opening of sculptures.
The sculptural composition is set near the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics at the obelisk "To the Conquerors of Space". All sculptures are made in the same style. Architects V.V. worked on the project. Perfilyev and A.K. Tikhonov and sculptors A.V. Balashov, A.S. Zabaluev, E.I. Kazan and I.N. Novikov.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument-bust to V. V. Lebedev in Moscow
The monument-bust twice to the Hero of the Soviet Union, cosmonaut Valentin Lebedev, was opened on the Cosmonauts Alley on April 9, 2016 as part of a sculptural group, where besides Lebedev's bust included busts Alexander Alexandrov, Svetlana Savitskaya and Vladimir Solovyov. The event was timed to the Day of Cosmonautics, and the heroes of the cosmos themselves took part in the discovery of sculptures.
The sculptural composition is set near the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics at the obelisk "To the Conquerors of Space". All sculptures are made in the same style.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Sculptural composition "Solar System" in Moscow
The sculptural composition "Solar System" appeared on Alley of Cosmonauts in 2008, during the capital reconstruction of the alley.
In the center of the composition there is the Sun, which is surrounded by 9 planets. The position of the planets relative to each other coincides with their real location in space at the time of October 4, 1957. It was on this day that the first launch of an artificial Earth satellite was made. On Earth, the dot indicates the location of the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
A remarkable fact: in 2006, two years before the creation of the sculpture, Pluto was officially excluded from the list of planets in the solar system and added to the category of "dwarf planets". Despite this, the layout of the planets is still nine.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument to Glushko in Moscow
The monument to V.P.Glushko was opened on the Cosmonauts Alley in 2001 in honor of the famous engineer and scientist in the field of rocket and space technology.
Valentin Petrovich is the founder of the Russian rocket engine, based on the work of the fluid, and the general designer of the "Energy-Buran" complex.
Authorship of the monument belongs to the national artist and sculptor A.A. Bichukov. Its discovery was timed to the celebration of the 40th anniversary of the first flight into space. Externally, it is a granite bust mounted on a pedestal about 2 meters high. The scientist is depicted wearing a jacket and tie. His gaze is focused and fixed on passing by.
Address: 1st Ostankinskaya St., 55A
Monument to M.V. Keldysh in Moscow
The monument to M.V. Keldysh was opened in 1981 in honor of three times Hero of Socialist Labor, a scientist in the field of mechanics and aero-gas dynamics of aircraft.
Monument to Mstislav Vsevolodovich was created from gray granite by sculptor Yuri Lvovich Chernov. It is a bust, made in hard plastic, which gives only a general idea of portrait similarity.
The bust was installed in the year of the 20th anniversary of the first manned flight into space. The monument fits well into the memorial ensemble of the Alley of Astronauts.
Address: Prospect Mira 111. Alley of Astronauts
Monument to Malchish-Kibalchish in Moscow
Back in 1972, in honor of the 50th anniversary of the Soviet pioneer organization, a monument to the young hero and ideal of the children of that era was erected on the main alley of the Palace of Pioneers located on the Sparrow Hills. It personifies all the strength and courage of the Soviet people, the readiness to stand up for the defense of their ideals, to give their lives in the struggle for justice. The main character of Gaidar’s work was familiar to any child at that time. Malchish-Kibalchish possessed all the qualities of a real hero: being an orphan, he did not spend time with friends; he defended his native village from enemies, was captured, withstood terrible torture, but still did not betray military secrets.
The author of the monument is sculptor V. Frolov. The appearance of the boy is characteristic of young revolutionary heroes: frayed short pants and a shirt, an indispensable budenovka and lack of shoes. And at the same time in one hand he holds a sword, and in the other - a forge. It is noteworthy that even today the sculptural composition is of great interest not only among the representatives of the Soviet generation, but also among the youth.
Address: st. Kosygin, 17 building 8A
Monument to Ivan Yarygin in Moscow
Alexander Yarygin, famous freestyle wrestler, two-time Olympic champion, multiple winner of World and European Championships is cast in bronze in the Olympic village on Udaltsova street.
A full-length athlete's sculpture is set on a low pedestal, symbolizing the winners’ pedestal. Yarygin, of course, ranks first - the highest step of the pedestal.
The fate of the athlete is tragic. He died in a car accident at the 50th year of life in 1997 r. And only a year after his death, in 1998, in the Olympic Village, a tribute to the memory of an outstanding wrestler and a remarkable man was paid. The Olympic Village was named after Ivan Yarygin, and a monument was unveiled on his birthday on November 7.
Address: Udaltsova St., 50
Monument to the crew of the Kursk nuclear submarine in Moscow
The monument is a figure of a sailor with a cap in his hand against the background of the nuclear-powered submarine Kursk lying at the bottom.
The sculptural composition is located on a pedestal, made in the form of a stylized St. Andrew's flag. The inscription on the monument: "In memory of the crew of the nuclear submarine cruiser Kursk, who died while performing a combat mission."
The memorial was erected not far from the museum of the Armed Forces in the neighborhood of another bright and no less tragic monument - a monument to the paratroopers of the Pskov division.
The atomic submarine cruiser Kursk died in the Barents Sea in August 2000 as a result of an explosion, the circumstances of which are still unclear, at least to wide circles. The ten-day rescue operation gave no results, and one hundred and eighteen members of the Kursk crew were killed. The death day of the Kursk team, on August 23, 2000, was declared a day of mourning in Russia. Only a year later, the Kursk was towed to shore, and in May-June 2002, the first compartment of the boat was lifted.
At the opening of the monument, Admiral Viktor Kravchenko, Chief of the Main Staff of the Navy, said that "one of the best crews of submariners of the Northern Fleet died" "This is a monument to courage, heroism and grief," said the admiral.
Address: Soviet Army st., 2
Sculpture "Yandex Horses" in Moscow
Sculptures of horses at the main office of the company "Yandex" are two painted horse "Clown" and "Evening Moscow". They are painted by children of Moscow boarding schools engaged in the Children of Mary studio.
Founder and first CEO A. Volozh purchased them at a charity auction in 2004. Now they are an integral part of the team - caring owners even took them from the old office and moved them to the new one. And for the people passing by, these horses are an interesting decoration of the territory of the business center and another reason to get a camera.
Address: Lev Tolstoy, d. 16
Monument to A.V. Alexandrov in Moscow
The monument to Alexandr Vasilyevich Alexandrov, a Soviet composer, choirmaster and conductor, founder of the Song and Dance Ensemble of the Russian Army, the People’s Artist of the USSR, was opened in the Agricultural Lane in April 2013.
The event was timed to the 130th anniversary of the birth of Alexandrov.
A.V. Alexandrov is the author of a number of well-known song compositions, but his most famous works are the music of the official anthem of the USSR, which has now become the music of the anthem of Russia, and the famous song of the times of the Great Patriotic War "Holy War".
The authors of the monument - sculptor Alexander Taratynov and architect Mikhail Korsi - captured Alexandrov at the moment when the conductor in military uniform of the times of the Great Patriotic War, with a gesture that is on the rise, leads the orchestra.
In the foundation of the monument "Time Capsule" was laid - a letter to descendants from the current prominent cultural figures and art.
Address: Zemledelchesky Lane, 20
Monument to the soldiers who defended peace and freedom in the fight against fascism in Moscow
The monument, located in the Catherine Square, near Suvorov Square, was erected on the initiative of the Prefecture of the Central Administrative District of Moscow. It is dedicated to the residents of the Central Administrative District, participants of the Great Patriotic War. And those who fought on the fronts, and workers in the rear.
A sculpture composition is installed on a granite pedestal: a Soviet soldier in a cloak-tent, returning home after the war, and in front of him - three children holding hands, they all rejoice the Great Victory. The inscription on the pedestal is inscribed: "To the Soldiers who defended peace and freedom in the fight against fascism." On the sides of the sculpture there are two stone slabs with dates of the beginning and end of the war.
Address: Durov st., 2
Monument to Koroviev and Begemot in Moscow
The writer Mikhail Bulgakov has enriched Russian literature with many fantastic characters that are perceived as absolutely real personalities. The former regent of Fagot and the hooligan cat Begemot are especially loved by the people. This merry couple was perpetrated several times by artists and sculptors. Here and in the courtyard of the house number 10, known to all Bulgakomans as "302-bis", on Bolshaya Sadovaya Street in front of the entrance to the Bulgakov Museum guests are greeted by a monument to Koroviev and Behemoth by the work of the famous sculptor Alexander Rukavishnikov.
The author created it in 1999, but the place was found only 11 years later. In fact, the whole architectural ensemble at the Patriarch's Ponds was conceived, where in addition to the above-mentioned monument there should have been a car with a driver-rook, carrying the queen from the ball, walking along the water of Yeshua, Pilate and even a giant primus stove. But the project remained unrealized, the car and the statue of the soaring Master and Margarita, together with their faithful companions, stood for a long time in the courtyard of the Rukavishnikov studio. In the anniversary year of the 120th anniversary of the writer's birth, inseparable friends took their present place.
Not all tourists realize that there are two Bulgakov Museums in the courtyard. The sculpture stands near the entrance to the "Bulgakov dom" on the first floor, here once lived a residential office, the lair of Schwonder. And the Museum “Bad Apartment” is located in the neighboring entrance on the 5th floor in the former communal apartment No. 50, the first dwelling of Mikhail Afanasyevich in Moscow.
Address: Bolshaya Sadovaya Street, 10
Monument to soldiers-paratroopers in Moscow
The monument to the soldiers-paratroopers who died during the fulfillment of the military duty was erected in late October 2002 by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation near the Central Museum of the Armed Forces (2 Soviet Soviet Army Street). The monument was made by sculptor Mikhail Pereyaslavets, designed by architect Igor Voznesensky.
A memorial sign dedicated to the dead soldiers of the paratroopers of the 6th company, the 104th Guards Parachute Regiment of the 76th Guards Airborne Division.
On March 1, 2000 in the Argun gorge immediately after the landing they were forced to take an unequal battle with the superior forces of the enemy. 84 fighters were killed by the death of the heroes, but they did not retreat, according to official data, they managed to eliminate about 1,500 militants. The paratroopers did not flinch, did not retreat, fulfilled their military duty to the end, and blocked their way to the enemy at the cost of their lives, displaying courage and heroism.
Every year, officers of the landing troops gather near the monument to celebrate their professional holiday.
Address: st. Soviet Army, 2
Monument to St. Alexis the Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia in Moscow
Monument to St. Alexis, Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia, was established in Moscow, in 2011, at the main gate of the Zachatiev Women's Stavropigalny Monastery. The project of the monument was made by the architect A.S. Zabaluev.
The figure of the metropolitan is made in full growth, his hands are directed forward, in his right hand Alexis is holding a model of the main monastic church - the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Most Holy Mother of God. It is known from history that Metropolitan Alexis was not only a church minister; he was a diplomat, a statesman. The metropolitan undertook a lot of forces to strengthen the Moscow principality and unite the Russian lands around it. Under Alexis, the construction of the stone Kremlin began in the 14th century.
Address: 2nd Zachatievsky lane, 2
Monument to F.I. Tolbukhin in Moscow
Monument to the outstanding commander of the Great Patriotic War, Marshal of the Soviet Union F.I. Tolbukhin was installed in 1960 in the Samotechny Square.
The growth bronze figure of the marshal is located on a pedestal of polished labradorite with a commemorative inscription: "Marshal of the Soviet Union Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin 1894 - 1949".
The author of the monument, sculptor L. E. Kerbel, depicted Tolbukhin in military uniform, in a raincoat and with gloves in his hands. The commander is a little restrained, but at the same time filled with dignity.
Tolbukhin Fedor Ivanovich, a participant in the First World War, during the Great Patriotic War, fought in the Caucasus, Stalingrad, commanded the troops of the Southern, 4th Ukrainian, 3rd Ukrainian Fronts. Troops under the command of Tolbukhin participated in the Battle of Stalingrad, in the liberation of Ukraine and the Crimea, in the Yassy-Kishinev operation, in the liberation of Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary and Austria. Freeman of Sofia (1946) and Belgrade (1947). He was buried in Red Square near the Kremlin wall.
Address: Olympic Avenue, 4
Monument to P.M. Tretyakov in Moscow
The monument to Tretyakov in Moscow is a monument dedicated to a well-known patron of the arts, erected in front of the building of the Tretyakov Gallery.
Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov became famous for the fact that on May 28, 1856 he founded the Tretyakov Gallery, where at present one can find the works of many masters.
This monument was opened on April 29, 1980. The sculptor of the monument was Alexander Pavlovich Kibalnikov, and the architect was Igor Evgenievich Rozhin.
The granite monument to Tretyakov looks very lively, as if he is the eternal director of the gallery named after the Tretyakov brothers, who, although he does not participate in meetings and does not solve current issues, is also a senior comrade here for all employees.
Address: Lavrushinsky Lane, 10
Monument "Reunion" in Moscow
The monument was erected in Moscow, on the eastern stylobate of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. The composition depicts His Holiness Patriarch Alexis II of Moscow and All Russia and the First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, the Metropolitan of Eastern America and New York Lavr, standing on a broken globe and holding the Christ the Savior Cathedral in their hands and the Act of canonical communion signed - the reunification of Russian and foreign parts of the Orthodox Church.
In 2017, the 10th anniversary of the restoration of the unity of the local Russian Orthodox Church was celebrated; the opening of the monument was timed to coincide with this anniversary. On June 18, 2017, after the Divine Liturgy in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia consecrated the sculpture composition.
Address: Eastern stylobate of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior
Monument to N.F. Filatov in Moscow
On the territory of the square of the Maiden's Field in Moscow there is a monument to Professor of the Moscow University Nil Fedorovich Filatov. The monument was erected in 1960 near the clinic of children's diseases. The monument to the famous pediatrician is made of bronze on a granite pedestal. The idea of the monument is to show N.F. Filatov, as a doctor, to whom, asking for help, the child nestles. Nil Fedorovich Filatov is the founder of pediatrics in Russia.
There is an inscription on the monument: “To a friend of children, Nil Fedorovich Filatov.” The project of the monument N.F. Filatov engaged sculptor V.E. Tsigal and G.I. architects Gavrilov and E.I. Kutyrev.
Address: Bolshaya Pirogovskaya Street, Square Maiden's Field
Monument of N. A. Semashko in Moscow
Nikolai Ivanovich Semashko was an outstanding Soviet doctor and statesman, one of the organizers of the health care system in the Soviet Union. From 1918 to 1930, he bore the title of People’s Commissar of Health.
Monument-bust to N.I. Semashko is installed on Bolshaya Pirogovskaya Street, near one of the administrative buildings of the Center named after I.M. Sechenov.
The monument is made of a single piece of granite with a pinkish tinge and is a pedestal, which goes up to the bust of the scientist. The sculptor accurately conveyed the appearance of Semashko. The inscription on the pedestal: "Nikolai Semashko, the first people's commissar of health of the RSFSR". The total height of the monument is 4.1 meters.
Address: Bolshaya Pirogovskaya ul., 2S6
Monument to I.M. Sechenov in Moscow
In April 1958, exactly in front of the building of the First Moscow Medical Institute named after Ivan Mikhailovich Sechenov, a monument was erected to this outstanding and talented Russian scientist. The innovative techniques of the sculptor help to perceive the monument not as a half-figure, but as an image of a whole person, as the scientist is depicted here as if in a chair when he is giving a lecture.
I.M. Sechenov is recognized as "the father of Russian physiology". His scientific works allowed substantiating the nature of the reflexes of unconscious and conscious human activity. His research helped to understand that certain physiological processes are at the basis.
In the name of I.M. Sechenov, two higher educational institutions are named - the Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and Biochemistry of the USSR and the Moscow Medical Academy.
Address: Pirogovskaya Big st., 2, 13
Monument to Pirogov in Moscow
In 1897, the grand opening of the monument to the famous Russian surgeon Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov took place on Bolshaya Pirogovskaya Street. Nikolai Pirogov is a remarkable surgeon, anatomist, teacher, member of the Academy of Sciences. Thanks to his dedicated work, he introduced surgery in a new light and turned it into a science. He carried out surgical activity in 1855, during the Crimean War. In 1870, he also took part in the Franco-Prussian War. In 1877, being already in respectable age, he was at the front during the Russian-Turkish war.
The eminent surgeon is the first person in the world to use ether anesthesia in field situations. Nikolai Pirogov was awarded the title of honorable citizen of Moscow, and after the surgeon’s death a monument to sculptor V. Sherwood was unveiled. Pirogov is depicted sitting in a chair, in one hand a skull, and in the other a surgical instrument. The creators of the monument managed to show all the dedication and perseverance of Pirogov to his work of life - surgery.
Address: Malaya Pirogovskaya St. 1A
Monument to the heroes of the film "They Fought for the Motherland" in Moscow
The monument to the heroes of the film "They Fought for the Motherland" was opened under the fence of the Ministry of Defense complex on Frunze Embankment on November 30, 2016.
"They Fought for the Motherland" - a feature film by Sergei Bondarchuk based on the novel by Mikhail Sholokhov, released on Soviet screens in 1975. The film tells about the life and exploits of Soviet soldiers during the Great Patriotic War, about how they and the civilian population relate to the war and how they interact with each other. The film fell in love with domestic viewers and was named the best film in 1976 by the Soviet Screen magazine poll.
The sculptural composition depicts five heroes of the film, following each other on the hard rocky soil: Nikolai Streltsov, Ivan Zvyagintsev, Peter Lopakhin and Alexander Kopytovsky, as well as common soldier Nekrasov. Soldiers are dressed in Soviet military uniforms and carry weapons and ammunition. Streltsov and Zvyagintsev go forward in silence, Lopakhin and Kopytovsky are discussing something, but Nekrasov stopped, turning back and as if assessing the path traveled. The monument is made of bronze in a realistic manner, in the image of the characters depicted the actors who played them: Vyacheslav Tikhonov, Sergey Bondarchuk, Vasily Shukshin, Georgy Burkov and Yuri Nikulin.
Address: 22/2 Frunze Embankment
Monument to Richard Sorge in Moscow
The monument to the famous intelligence officer Richard Sorge is located at the intersection of the street of the same name (Sorge Street) with Khoroshevskoye Highway, not far from the Polezhaevskaya metro station.
The monument is a human figure, as if passing through a wall. A scout with a stern expression confidently strides forward. He has a long coat; his hands are in his pockets. The figure is set on two granite slabs. On the sculpture there is a commemorative inscription: "To the Hero of the Soviet Union, Richard Sorge."
Address: Khoroshevskoe Highway 92
Sculptural composition Song in Moscow
The sculpture "Song" appeared in the center of Tsvetnoy Boulevard in 1958. Three Russian peasant women (obviously, from the breed of those who "stop the horse at a gallop, enter a burning hut") sing a song in the shadow of the picturesque trees of the boulevard.
The composition creates the impression of a rustic spirit, taking it from the center of Moscow to nature, in harmony with the color flowerbeds and greenery of Tsvetnoy Boulevard.
The short distance between the first and second girls is the best for sharing a photo with them.
Address: Tsvetnoy Boulevard, 16
Monument to Romulus and Remus in Moscow
The Moscow Metro station "Rome" is known for the fact that the most deep-lying monument of the capital is located on its territory. At a distance of more than fifty meters from the earth's surface, a sculptural group is set up - figures of two nude babies - Romulus and Remus. The sculptures of the future founders of Rome are made of porcelain. One boy sits on a pedestal, which looks like the ruins of collapsed columns; the second is considering something among them. The brothers look surprisingly naturalistic. The immediacy and inquisitiveness inherent in their age is very accurately conveyed by the authors.
This is not just a monument; it is also a fountain, which, however, does not hit the sky. The sculpture is beaten with flowing streams of water. This is a unique phenomenon for the Moscow subway: "Roman" is the only station where you can find a fountain.
The authors of this sculpture are the architect L. L. Berlin, as well as sculptors of Italian origin J. P. Imbrigue and A. Kuatrocci.
Not far from the monument there are four medallions made in this technique and supporting the general theme of the station decoration. One of them, for example, depicts a she-wolf, which nursed and raised the future founders of the Eternal City.
Address: Roman metro station
Monument to the participants of the Moscow December armed uprising of 1905 in Moscow
The monument to the participants of the Moscow December armed uprising of 1905 was opened in 1957 in the Perovsky Park of Culture and Recreation. Sculptor is V. Glebov.
The monument is a bronze sculpture of a worker holding a rifle and a banner flying in the wind. The figure is made in full growth and in motion. This is a collective image of a fighter in a given historical period in the life of our country. The sculpture of the worker is set on a granite pedestal, on which bronze bas-reliefs depicting moments of clashes with the autocracy are located on the sides. On the front side of the pedestal is a bronze plaque with a memorable inscription: "To the participants of the Moscow December Uprising of the 1905 revolution of the working people of the city of Perovo, November 1956."
The December Uprising is the culminating episode of the 1905 Revolution. The insurgents ’speech began on December 7, when at many large enterprises in Moscow the workers did not go to work; meetings were held under the protection of armed guards. On December 9, the first barricades appeared in Moscow, and on December 10 their construction unfolded everywhere. Vigilantes focused on Presnya, which government troops subjected to artillery shelling. The Semenov regiment was called to Moscow, consisting of about 2 thousand soldiers and the uprising was suppressed.
Address: Perovsky Culture and Recreation Park
Monument to Uncle Styopa in Moscow
If Stepan Stepanov is a giant in Sergey Mikhalkov's poem, who lived “in the house 8/1 at the Ilyich's outpost”, than bronze uncle Styopa in Moscow in 2008 settled completely at a different address: Locksmith lane, 1, near the Moscow Regional Department of Traffic Police.
The traffic police for a long time hatched this idea. They turned to the sculptor Alexander Rozhnikov. And he proposed to perpetuate the image of perhaps the most positive and famous traffic controller - Stepan Stepanov.
Three-meter bronze giant, together with a small pedestal were cast at the Khimki fabric of Artworks. At first, the heroes were to be dressed in the old Soviet uniform, but in the end they settled on the modern Russian one. As conceived by the sculptor, it speaks of the continuity of generations.
Next to Uncle Stepa they planned to put two children. But they refused from such an artistic decision and chose a traffic light and a bird. Here, as in the cartoon of the same name, the guard Stepanov frees the bird that has flown into the device, and repairs the traffic light.
Address: Slesarny per., 1
Monument to the cat Vasily in Moscow
The monument is installed in the courtyard of the residential complex “Houses on Taganka” located at the intersection of Talalikhin and Broshevsky Lane and itself is not large, not more than a meter in height, but the color of the character does not leave anyone indifferent.
This funny sculptural character is loved by many Muscovites, as it is a prototype of the cat Vasily from the cartoon “The Return of the Prodigal Parrot” known from childhood. Looking at him you hear "We are well fed here too." The cat Vasily imposingly settled down near the picturesque flower bed, leaning with one paw on the ground, and in the second holding the famous sausage.
Unfortunately, it is not known who was the author and the protagonist of this project, as well as the history is silent about the small details, but it is known that this monument was added to the list of the most unusual sculptures of the capital and that numerous tourists take pictures of the famous cat with pleasure.
Muscovites themselves are very positively disposed towards the monument, considering it amusing and at the same time folk as it symbolizes a whole era in which so much good has remained, including our Soviet cartoons with a hidden parody of the citizen’s daily life and with a slight irony of themselves.
Address: Talalikhin Street, 8
Monument "Explosion" in Moscow
“Explosion” is a monument in honor of the heroism of 11 hero-engineers of the 8th Guards Rifle Division, General I. V. Panfilov. The grand opening of the monument took place on October 31, 1981, to the fortieth anniversary of the battle for Moscow. The memorial was installed at the 114th kilometer of the Volokolamsk highway in the Volokolamsk district of the Moscow region. Architect - A. Veselovsky.
The monument is an architectural composition: in the center of the memorial square there is a granite bollard with engraved dates "1941-1945" and a memorial tablet. On solemn days the Eternal Flame was lit here, the technical possibility of this is preserved. The line of concrete trenches, posts and rifle cells, which runs along the perimeter of the square, symbolizes the defensive position of the sappers. Opposite each of the cells is a memorable granite pedestal with the names of the heroes. The dominant composition is the "explosion", the rays of which reared the Nazi tank. The starboard car dug into the ground, from the left side of the "explosion" tore the caterpillar and tore off the track rollers.
The monument was erected by engineering troops in 1981 at the 114th kilometer of Volokolamsk Highway. When it was created for authenticity, a real enemy tank was looking for a long time. Thanks to the residents of Volokolamsk, Shakhovsky, Lotoshinsky and Istra districts of the Moscow region, the military and the group of Veselovsky managed to establish that two German tanks lay in the swamp near the village of Podmarkovo, on the border of the Moscow and Kalinin regions. A special team pulled the car from the bottom of the swamp, the ammunition, which was in it, removed and disarmed. The tank was a German self-propelled artillery installation StuG III. She was conceived by the architect "stopped" by breaking a mine at the line of defense of the sappers. The monument was solemnly opened on October 31, 1981 in commemoration of the 40th anniversary of the battle for Moscow.
Address: 114th kilometer of Volokolamsk Highway
Monument to N.A. Nekrasov in Moscow
The monument to N. A. Nekrasov is located on the Kosmodamianskaya Embankment of the city of Moscow. Its discovery occurred in June 1960. Originally, the monument was erected in front of school No. 613, which was named after him. But for the last few years, due to the repair work carried out on the school’s territory, he stood covered with building boards, and in 2010 the commission of the Moscow Duma on monumental art decided to transfer it to another place. So, in 2011, the bust of Nekrasov was transported and installed next to the branch of the Central City Public Library, also named after him.
The authors of the project of the monument are sculptor I. Chaikov and architect A. Usachev The bust of the poet is made of bronze and mounted on a granite pedestal on a profiled base. The overall composition of the monument looks very harmonious and proportionate.
Address: Kosmodamianskaya nab.
Monument to the Winners in Moscow
The sculptural composition "Winners" was opened in 1975 on Veshnyakovskaya Street. The authors of the composition are the sculptor O. S. Kiryukhin; the architects are V. V. Lebedev and I. N. Voskresensky. The monument is set in a small public garden with a cast-iron fence and a beautiful flower garden.
The monument is a composition of three male figures; two are dressed for the worker, in robes and helmets, with safety chains. A peasant, wearing a shirt and trousers tucked in boots, has a cap on his head, just behind the workers. Together they hold a banner flying in the wind.
This monument is not to specific individuals, but the fact that together you can emerge victorious on the labor front and on the military, so one worker’s hand is raised up, as if saluting victory.
The sculptures are set on a high granite pedestal, lined with marble tiles with a bronze plate on which is written: “Winners. Sculptor: O. S. Kiryukhin. Architects: V. V. Lebedev, I. N. Voskresensky. 1975
Address: st. Stariy Gay, 9
Monument to the Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot Yevgeny Mikhailov in Moscow
Mikhailov Evgeny Vitalyevich (1922–1944) was a Soviet fighter pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union, guard lieutenant. He was born in the village Chuhlinka, now within the precincts of Moscow, in a working class family. Russian. Graduated 9 classes, flying club. In the Soviet Army from 1940. He graduated from the Kachin military aviation school of pilots in 1941.
On the fronts of the Great Patriotic War from March 1943. The senior pilot of the 32nd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (3rd Guards Fighter Aviation Division, 3rd Air Army, 1st Baltic Front) Guards Lieutenant Mikhailov by March 1944 made 92 combat sorties in 22 air battles shot down 5 enemy aircraft.
On March 17, 1944, in the area of the Idritsa railway station (Sebezhsky District, Pskov Region), he sent his shot down plane into the enemy echelon with fuel. At the cost of life, he disabled the enemy's supply station. The title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded posthumously on October 26, 1944. He was also awarded the Order of Lenin, the Red Banner, and World War 1 degree.
Forever enrolled in the lists of the military unit. The monument to the Hero is installed at the railway station in the village of Idritsa. His name is a street in Moscow. A memorial plaque is installed on the building of the Moscow school number 786, where Hero studied.
Address: pos. Idritsa
Monument to Eduard Bagritsky in Moscow
The monument to the poet Eduard Georgievich Bagritsky was unveiled on November 18, 1982 in the territory of the Western District of Moscow.
The sculptural composition was performed by sculptor Valentina Georgievna Shatunovskaya. The architectural project belongs to the architects Vadim Vyacheslavovich Bogdanov and Vitaly Petrovich Sokolov.
The monument to the poet is made on the model of a high-relief portrait emerging from the depth of a granite stone raised on a pedestal. The five-pointed star carved next to the face of the poet is intended to indicate the ideological component of his poetry, which is close to the revolutionary-romantic pathos.
The monument to the poet Eduard Bagritsky stands on the street named after him.
Eduard Dzubin (Bagritsky - creative pseudonym) was born in Odessa in 1895. In the civil war he fought as part of a special partisan detachment as an instructor of the political department. From 1925 he lived in the settlement of Kuntsevo, which today is part of Moscow.
His work began with the writing of romantic poems dedicated to the October Revolution of 1917. This list includes works, among which the most famous are "Front", "February", and also "Liberation".
In 1926, Eduard Georgievich presented his significant work to the public - the poem “The thought about Opanas”, the events described in which relate to the dramatic period of civil confrontation in Ukraine.
Address: st. Bagritsky
Monument to the consumer and creator in Moscow
The unusual Monument to the consumer and the creator is located next to the gallery of the artist of Yu.A. Mirakova, 4th Tverskaya-Yamskaya Street in Moscow. The monument is a cube standing on one of its corners. The cube is wrapped with iron wire. This amazing sculpture was created by Russian artist and sculptor Yuri Mirakov. He is the main artist of the Foundation of Lev Ivanovich Yashin.
Now the sculpture adorns the entrance to the workshop and gallery of Mirakov more than 10 years. The sculpture was installed in 2002. On the pedestal of an unusual sculpture the words are written "DEDICATION TO THE CONSUMER AND THE CREATOR".
Address: 4th Tverskaya-Yamskaya Street, 12 k2
Monument to M.V. Frunze in Moscow
The monument to M.V. Frunze on the Maiden's Field in Moscow was installed in 1927. Its author is the famous Soviet sculptor Sergey Dmitrievich Merkurov. The monument stands in front of the building of the Combined Arms Academy of the Russian Federation (previously, the M.V. Frunze Academy).
Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze entered the history of the country as a talented commander who held the posts of People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs and Chief of Staff of the Red Army. After his death in 1925, the Academy of the Red Army was named after him. At the same time, the sculptor Merkurov, one of the few who was trusted by the image of state men of all ranks, received an order for the manufacture of the monument.
The monument is made in the form of a bust mounted on a high pedestal with a facing of gray marble. Frunze is depicted in military uniform with two Orders of the Red Banner on his chest. On his head - budenovka, the famous symbol of the revolutionary era and civil war. The sculpture with its simplicity and conciseness is fully consistent with the time of creation.
Address: Maiden Field Ave, 2
Monument to F. F. Erisman in Moscow
The monument to Fyodor Fedorovich Erisman - the founder of scientific hygiene in Russia was opened in 1937 opposite the building of the Sanitary and Hygienic Faculty of the I.M. Sechenov Moscow Medical Academy. Sculptor: N. S. Shevkunov. Repair and restoration work of the monument was carried out in 2001.
The monument to Erisman is a small bronze bust with a ceremonial - official portrait image. The bust is installed on a granite pedestal with a memorable inscription: “F. F. Erisman 1842 - 1915. ". The monument looks like a three-level rectangular pedestal in terms of the pylon mounted on a small platform with a low fence. The monument to Erisman is located in the courtyard of the academy among trees and bushes.
Fedor Fedorovich Erisman was one of the largest hygienists of the second half of the XIX century, Swiss by birth. In Moscow, he participated in the sanitary inspection of factories of the province, one of the first sanitary doctors of the Moscow provincial zemstvo, professor of the hygiene department of Moscow University. In 1889–90, at the initiative of Erisman, the Hygienic Institute was organized, on the basis of which the Moscow Sanitary Station was established. He was also an active participant in the construction of university clinics on the Maiden's Field. He created the scientific school of hygienists, the founder of professional hygiene and the reformer of its teaching in Russia. He worked on issues of water supply and sanitation in Moscow, problems of school hygiene. An eminent scientist, author of hundreds of scientific works, F. F. Erisman always strived for practical activity. His work in the field of water supply, sewage, irrigation of the fields was the beginning of a widely ramified system of preventive sanitary and hygienic measures, which have not lost their significance even today.
Address: Bolshaya Pirogovskaya Street 2C2
Monument-bust of N.F. Gamaley in Moscow
The monument to the bust microbiologist and epidemiologist Nikolai Fyodorovich Gamaley was opened in 1956 in front of the building of the Scientific and Clinical Center for Outpatient Diagnosis and Treatment of Tumor and Pretumor Diseases. The authors of the monument N.F. Gamaley are: sculptors S. Ya. Kovner and N. A. Maksimchenko, architect E. P. Vulykh.
Monument to N.F. Gamaley is a small bronze bust of a scientist, made in an official - ceremonial performance with a characteristic portrait likeness, with awards on his jacket. A bust was installed on a beautiful granite pedestal with a commemorative inscription in gold letters: "Nikolai Fedorovich Gamaley 1859 - 1949". Monument to N.F. Gamaley stands in the courtyard of the clinical center among the vegetation.
Gamaleya Nikolai Fedorovich was a doctor, one of the founders of Russian microbiology and epidemiology, corresponding member, honorary member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR. Throughout his long, bright life, Nikolai Fyodorovich was engaged in the development of many theoretical questions, aided by the vast experimental material he received and the inquiring analytical mind.
Printed heritage of the scientist is enormous - books and several hundred articles. His major works - textbooks, monographs - have survived more than one edition; a number of them have been translated into foreign languages. N.F. Gamaleya was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, elected an honorary academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences. A tireless worker, a great experimenter and theorist, he devoted his life to science.
Address: Pogodinskaya, 1
Monument to S. Korsakov in Moscow
The monument - bust of the psychiatrist Sergey Sergeevich Korsakov was opened on October 28, 1949 in the courtyard of the S. Korsakov Psychiatric Clinic of the 1st Moscow Medical Institute. The authors of the monument: sculptor S. D. Merkurov and architect I. A. Frantsuz, created a monument of red granite with unusual shape and content, with a memorable inscription: "Professor Sergey Sergeevich Korsakov - a scientist and thinker psychiatrist humanist 1854 - 1900".
Monument to S.S. Korsakov is a portrait bust with bright psychological expressiveness and careful plastic processing, carved out of blocks of red granite, part of which is left untreated, and mounted on a pedestal made of massive stone blocks. The image of Korsakov is characterized by deep intelligence, high simplicity and democracy.
S. Korsakov was an outstanding physician and scientist, one of the founders of domestic psychiatry, did much to improve the mental health care of the population, the organization of new hospitals in the province. His scientific work made a great contribution to psychiatry. He wrote the classic work “The Course of Psychiatry”, where he developed thoughts about the humane attitude towards the sick, stressed that the state should take care of mentally ill people and take measures to prevent mental illness. The life credo of Korsakov was determined by the selfless service to Russia, the help of the suffering, the preservation of public health.
Address: Rossolimo St., 11
Monument to Alexei Abrikosov in Moscow
Alexey Ivanovich Abrikosov is an outstanding Soviet medical scientist in the field of pathologic anatomy. Hero of Socialist Labor. Author of more than 100 scientific papers on medicine. Aleksey Ivanovich is widely known for doing the first embalming of the body of V. I. Lenin and made a conclusion about his death.
The monument-bust of academician Abrikosov is installed on the Maiden's Field in front of the building of the Department of Operative Surgery and Pathological Anatomy of the 1st Moscow Medical Institute named after I.M. Sechenov. The lane in which the monument is located is also named after the scientist - Abrikosovsky.
The monument is a bronze bust on a polished column of dark granite with a memorable inscription: "Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov. 1875 -1955. Academician, Hero of Socialist Labor, founder of Soviet pathological anatomy, educator of many generations of students and doctors." The image of a medical scientist is made with a portrait likeness. Academician is depicted in a suit with a medal of the Hero of Socialist Labor on his chest.
Address: Abrikosovsky lane, 1s1
Bust of B. V. Petrovsky in Moscow
The bust of V.I. Petrovsky is located on Apricot Lane, near the main entrance of the Russian Scientific Center of Surgery Boris Vasilyevich. Sculptor Sergey Sergeevich Shcherbakov, architect V. Perfilyev worked on the monument.
B.V. Petrovsky was the founder and specialist in the field of reconstructive surgery, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Address: Abrikosovsky lane, 2
Monument to V.F. Snegirev in Moscow
The monument to Snegirev Vladimir Fedorovich - the founder of gynecology - was solemnly opened in 1967 at the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the central administrative district of Moscow. The author of the monument is an outstanding Russian sculptor S.T. Konenkov.
Monument to V.F. Snegirev is a sculpture of an elderly doctor, in a natural and relaxed position, sitting on a chair. We see a kind and cheerful person, whose face, eyes sparkle with good nature, warmth and satisfaction, as if after a just completed successful operation. Portrait similarity is generalized - at the level of characteristic features; however, the nature, spiritual essence, style of behavior of the hero is transmitted by the sculptor extremely brightly and eloquently. A low pedestal of the monument to V.F. Snegirev, with beveled ends, as it settles under the weight of a massive armchair and a heavy figure. But in this massiveness, the monumentality of the plastic volume does not have a burden, on the contrary, despite it, the image of the monument of V.F. Snegirev seems surprisingly expressive, dynamic, as if radiating a tremendous creative energy of good.
Vladimir Fedorovich Snegirev was a highly gifted, comprehensively educated scientist, an outstanding clinician, a brilliant surgeon and an exceptionally talented teacher. He created his school, as well as the Moscow Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Vladimir Fedorovich left 70 scientific papers; he is the author of the classic monograph “Uterine Hemorrhages”, which received worldwide recognition. He was the director of the gynecological clinic, which now bears his name. He founded the first Russian Institute of Advanced Training of Gynecologists. He personally performed over 2000 operations.
Address: Elansky street 2, 1
Monument to the Russian intelligentsia in Moscow
The monument is a Pegasus "symbol of the arts", soaring into the sky. Arrows pierce his obstacles that arise in the way of a creative personality.
The monument to the Russian intelligentsia, which suffered during the period of totalitarianism, was erected on June 29, 2004 in the public garden near the Andrei Sakharov Museum and Public Center in Moscow. The composition authors are Moscow sculptors Daniel Mitlyansky and Galina Shilina, architect Grigory Saevich and metal master Sergei Ivanov.
The organizers and sponsors of the creation and installation were Alfa-Bank, the Political Party "Union of Right Forces" and the Andrei Sakharov Foundation.
The copper horse in a very tense posture, with a muzzle, distorted by pain, flies over the "explosion" - a bouquet of rusty steel strips. Three especially nasty stripes are raised vertically upwards, they pierce, but at the same time they support the horse in the air.
Address: st. Zemlyanoy Val, 57
Monument to the Soviet family in Moscow
This monument of the Brezhnev era, hardly anyone remembers in more detail. It symbolizes a strong Soviet family, but if you take a closer look, you can see all three of the scars on the face. What is it - leprosy, or the waste of a foundry? Maybe that's why they pushed the monument away, into the courtyards of Sretensky lanes.
However, the artists like it; there is a reproduction of the picture, which depicts this monument.
Address: Pushkaryov Pereulok, 15
Alley of Russian rulers in Moscow
Alley of the Russian rulers is a sculptural composition, located in Moscow. It consists of a set of identical steles, on which are installed the busts of all the rulers of Russia, starting with the half-legendary Prince Rurik. The space where the busts are located is a small square, inside the local area at the address - Petroverigsky Lane, 4, p. 1, the square near the Museum of military uniforms RVIO. In front of the entrance to the alley stands a monument to Ivan the Terrible.
The opening of the avenue took place on May 26, 2017. The ceremony was attended by the Minister of Culture of the Russian Federation and the RVIO Chairman Vladimir Medinsky and the Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Olga Vasilyeva. On September 22, 2017, the opening of the busts of Soviet leaders took place, and on April 23, 2018 the opening of the bust of the first President of the Russian Federation B. N. Yeltsin took place.
The sculptor who made all the busts is Zurab Tsereteli.
Address: Petroverigsky Lane, 4, 2
Monument Friendship Forever in Moscow
The forty-two meter symbol of eternal friendship between the Russian and Georgian peoples is a column assembled from letters of the Russian and Georgian alphabets. The letters of the alphabets are formed into words: unity, peace, fraternity, work. The column is crowned with a large, gilded wreath of interlaced vines with wheat ears, symbolizing the strong friendship of peoples.
On a wide flat pedestal there are unfolded scrolls with quotations of famous Russian and Georgian writers and poets. With its monumentality, the Monument symbolizes a strong centuries-old friendship between the fraternal peoples of Russia and Georgia. The monument has the second unofficial name “Shashlik”.
The monument was created by the famous sculptor Zurab Tsereteli in 1983 in honor of the bicentenary of the signing of the St. George tract between Russia and Georgia on friendship and patronage and the supreme power of Russia with the Georgian kingdom. The monument was erected on Tishinskaya Square. Until 1991, the monument was a double; the second monument was named “Bond of friendship” and was installed in Tbilisi. In 1991, by order of Zviad Gamsakhurdia, the monument was blown up.
Address: Tishinskaya Square
Monument to the Beskudnikovsky railway line in Moscow
The Beskudnikovsky railway branch (the Beskudnikovo-Losinoostrovskaya branch) was a railroad that existed in 1900-1987, connecting the Yaroslavl and Savyolovsky directions of the Moscow Railway. It passed through the present territory of the northern regions of Moscow (Beskudnikovo, Otradnoe, Sviblovo).
In the 1940s, passenger traffic was opened along the branch; in total, 6 passenger platforms operated. The line was closed in 1987, when construction began on the northern radius of the Serpukhov-Timiryazevskaya metro line. Multi-storey buildings were built at the site of the tracks, and the metro station Otradnoe was located at the intersection with them. Interestingly, even after the road was closed and the way was parsed, the Beskudnikovskaya branch often appeared on new maps of the city until the 2000s.
The preserved support of the contact network on Dekabristov Street became part of the monument erected in 2005. The composition of the monument consists of a lantern on the support console, a wheelset on a small fragment of the rail-sleeper grid and a children's train. The arrangement of the monument did not take into account the true location of the path, and the rails lie perpendicular to the real direction of the branch. At the same time, the engine is directed correctly, towards the platform Otradnoe.
Address: Dekabristov st., 20, block 3
Monument to Kalashnikov in Moscow
Monument to Mikhail Kalashnikov is a work of sculptor Salavat Shcherbakov, dedicated to the creator of the Kalashnikov assault rifle, Mikhail Kalashnikov. It is located in the Armory Square at the intersection of the Armory Lane and Dolgorukovskaya Street in Moscow.
Soviet and Russian designer of small arms, twice Hero of Socialist Labor, Hero of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant-General Mikhail Kalashnikov, primarily known for his Kalashnikov assault rifle, died on December 23, 2013 in Izhevsk at the 95th year of life. As indicated on the website of the Kalashnikov concern, “the Kalashnikov assault rifle, produced by the Izhevsk Machine-Building Plant of the State Corporation Russian Technologies, participated in all armed conflicts of the second half of the last century. At the beginning of the 21st century, the Kalashnikov assault rifle remains the most sought-after small arms in the world. In 55 states there are more than 100 million AK units. In Egypt, he has a monument, in Afghanistan, the silhouette of a weapon is embroidered on carpets, and in some African countries newborn boys are called Kalash. ”
The monument is a figure of Mikhail Kalashnikov with a gun in his hands. As the author of the monument, Salavat Shcherbakov, said, “many wanted Kalashnikov to be without weapons, but we made sure that the author looks at his machine gun as a work of art, for example, as a Stradivarius violin”. The statue is 5 meters high and stands on a 2-meter pedestal, since, according to Shcherbakov, Kalashnikov is “the main figure here” and “a man of great modesty”, he “was close to the people and was flesh of the people”.
Address: Oruzheyny lane, 39
Monument to V.V. Kuibyshev in Moscow
The monument to the revolutionary and party leader Valerian Kuybyshev is installed in a public garden near Preobrazhenskaya Square, opposite the building where the Soviet Union located the Kuybyshevsky District of the CPSU (now Prefecture of the Eastern Administrative District of Moscow) was located in Soviet times.
The monument is a figure of a man in military uniform, whose left hand with a clenched fist raised to chest level, the right is lowered. Kuibyshev's sculpture is installed on a stone pedestal, resembling a tribune, with a laconic inscription: Kuibyshev V.V.
In the 1990s, the district committees were abolished, the Kuibyshev district was renamed, and the monument remained standing. By the way, this is one of the few monuments of revolutionary figures, which was not dismantled at the end of the 20th - beginning of the 21st century.
Address: Preobrazhenskaya Square, 9
Monument to the surgeon A.V. Vishnevsky in Moscow
The monument to Alexander Vasilyevich Vishnevsky is located in front of the clinic building of Kazan Medical University. The monument was erected in 1973, on the centenary of the birth of the world famous surgeon. The sculptor of the monument is V.I. Rogozhin, and the architect is A.A. Sporius. The bust of A. V. Vishnevsky and a rectangular pedestal are carved out of a single granite block. The face of A.V. Vishnevsky is made in a generalized plastic form. The sculptor reliably conveyed the portrait features and expressed the inner content of the scientist and Doctor A.V. Vishnevsky. An important compositional point of the sculpture is the expressive hands of the surgeon.
On the pedestal of the monument, on its frontal part, there is an inscription: "Academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences Vishnevsky Alexander Vasilyevich." The total height of the monument is 3 meters and 90 centimeters. The monument to A.V. Vishnevsky is located on the background of a stone wall located on the corner of A. Butlerov and L. Tolstoy streets. The wall is lined with slabs and is part of the ensemble of the monument.
Alexander Vishnevsky was born in 1874 in Dagestan. He was an outstanding surgeon, founder of the Kazan and Moscow surgical school, academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR, honored scientist of the RSFSR. In 1899 A.V. Vishnevsky graduated from Kazan University. In the same year, A. V. Vishnevsky went to work there. In 1912 he became a professor of surgery. In Moscow A.V. Vishnevsky headed the Institute of Experimental Medicine (VIEM) and the Central Institute of Advanced Medical Studies (CIU) from 1934 to 1944. In 1947, he became director of the Research Institute of Clinical and Experimental Surgery. In 1936, the clinic of the Kazan Medical University was named after him. In 1948, his name was given to the Institute of Surgery of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR.
Address: Serebryany Lane, 4
Monument to directors V. Shukshin, A. Tarkovsky, G. Shpalikov in Moscow
The sculptural composition dedicated to three famous VGIK - screenwriter Gennady Shpalikov, actor Vasily Shukshin and director Andrei Tarkovsky was installed on September 1, 2009 on the steps at the entrance to the famous forge of domestic cinema - VGIK. The monument was erected on the initiative of students and timed to the 90th anniversary of the university.
At the opening of the monument, one of the guests of honor, Sergei Solviev, who himself graduated from the VGIK directing department, commented on the monument: "These figures have never been professors of VGIK, have not been leaders of VGIK and members of academic councils, but they fully determined the artistic face of the national and world cinema of the second half of the 20th century." According to the director, the initiators of the creation of the monument were, among others, students of the institute, and the sculptor was Alexey Blagovestnov, also known for the monument to Viktor Tsoi, who sits on a motorcycle.
The sculptural composition is a figure of three people. Two of them are standing (these are Gennady Shpalikov and Andrey Tarkovsky), and Vasily Shukshin is sitting on the steps next to them.
Address: V. Pika ul., 3
Sculpture Pencil with Blot in Moscow
The monument to Mikhail Rumyantsev, who was called the Pencil on the stage, and his dog, which became true legends of the Soviet circus, was installed at the initiative of the Union of Circus Figures in 2008. The author of the project, Vyacheslav Dolgov, as if portrayed a famous clown at the time of the performance — there is a familiar hat on the artist's head, a cane in his hands, and his faithful companion, Blot dog, at his feet. Interestingly, the first clown's pet was called quite differently, but one day someone compared the little black terrier running around the stage to a blot, and since then this name has been firmly established for all subsequent four-legged colleagues in the scene, even if they officially had other nicknames.
The monument is located at the House of the Union of Circus Workers of Russia not by chance - it was there that the famous artist lived and worked for many years. During its existence, the sculpture has acquired a legend - if you hold on to the clown's thumb raised up, then success in your life will not keep you waiting long.
Address: st. Efremova, 12, 2