South Beijing Station
South Station is located in the south of the capital. The history of this station dates back to 1897, from the small suburban railway station Yongdingmen Railway Station (永定门 火车站) or Majiabao Railway Station (马家堡 火车站), which in 2006–2008 was reconstructed into a modern railway station with original design. Southern Railway Station today is a 5-storey building (2 underground floors and 3 above ground) with a roof equipped with solar panels for generating electricity.
The station accepts up to 300 trains per day, and is a terminal for high-speed trains, including the Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Railway (0.5 hour to Tianjin) and the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway (5 hours to Shanghai).
Next to the station there is the Beijing South Railway Station Metro Station, which allows passengers to get to the station by subway.
Address: No.12, Yongdingmenwai Dajie
North Beijing Station
The history of Beijing North Station is closely connected with the birth of railways in China. The station was built in 1906 during the Qing Dynasty, and is famous for the fact that the first Chinese railway line, the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway, started from this station. Suburban and local trains to the Hebei province and trains to the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region leave mainly from the North Station.
Next to the station is the Xizhimen Subway Station subway station, where metro lines 2, 4 and 13 intersect.
West Beijing Station
From this station, trains leave for central, south, southwest and northwest China. On the square in front of the station there are public transport stops connecting it with all districts of the capital.
At a distance of 1.3 km from the station there is the subway station Military Museum. In the near future (namely in 2012) it is planned to open the station Beijing West Railway Station, the output from which will be carried out directly to the station.
Address: 9, Guanglianlu, Fengtai District
East Beijing Station
East Beijing Station, opened in 1938, is more of a station for freight transport and plays an important role in the transport of passengers.
From the station, trains run in the direction of three lines - Jingbao, Jingcheng and Jingqin in the directions of Beijing-Baotou, Beijing-Chende and Beijing-Shaanxi province. You can get to the station only by bus, as there is no metro station near the station.
Unlike other stations, the information board here is not inside, but installed at the entrance to the station. Before you enter the station, you must pass things through the scanner, otherwise you simply will not be allowed. If you are greeted, remember that entry without a ticket to the platform is prohibited, so you will either have to leave the protected area yourself, or, if you are escorted, you can buy a special ticket for accompanying persons.
Address: 7 Bai Zi Wan Lu, Chao Yang Qu
Beijing Railway Station
Beijing Railway Station is one of the most important and largest (occupies 25 hectares) transport hubs of the country. The station was built in 1901 during the Qing dynasty and at one time was one of the ten most famous buildings in Beijing.
Beijing Station is located in the city center; it serves many domestic and international rail flights (including lines to Pyongyang, Ulan Bator and Moscow). At the station there is a bus station of the same name and the Beijing Railway Station subway station.
Address: No.A13, Maojiawan Hutong, Dongcheng District
Beijing Nanyuan Airport
Beijing Nanyuan Airport is located in Fengtai District, located 13 kilometers south of the center of the Chinese capital. Nanyuan dates back to 1910 and is the country's oldest airport.
Currently, the airport is used for both civilian and military purposes. Due to its close proximity to the city, in 2017 it will be closed, passing the baton to the Beijing Daxing International Airport currently under construction. The airport is a hub of China United Airlines, carrying out flights to a large number of cities in China, including Harbin, Hohhot, Guangzhou, Urumqi and others.
The length of the runway is 3200 meters, which allows the airport to receive most types of aircraft. The strip is made of concrete and is equipped with night landing system lights. The airport is equipped with one passenger terminal, the capacity of which is more than 1 million passengers per year.
Address: Address: Jingbei E Rd, Fengtai Qu
Beijing Shoudu International Airport
Shoudu International Airport is the largest airport in Beijing, all of China and the second largest passenger traffic in the world. It is located 20 km north-east of the center of Beijing.
Shoudu Airport is the main hub for Air China, which serves about 120 destinations from it (except for freight traffic), as well as for Hainan Airlines and China Southern Airlines. The expansion of the airport is largely financed by a loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB).
Shoudu Airport was opened on March 2, 1958, becoming the first airport in China. At that time, only a small terminal building was built, which has survived to our time, the purpose of which was to serve VIP passengers and charter flights. On January 1, 1980, a new, large green terminal building was opened, which could serve 10-12 aircraft at a time.
In 2008, the Shoudu served 55,937,289 passengers and became the 8th busiest passenger airport in the world. In addition, 399,986 take-off / landings were carried out , which made it the 21st airport in the world for this indicator and the only Asian airport included in the thirty busiest airports in the world. Every day, an average is 1,100 flights.